1 JOHN CHAPTER THREE

OBSERVATION STAGE

The purpose of the observation stage is to maintain focus on the text at hand in accordance with the framework in which it was written: a framework which is defined by the normative rules of language, context and logic - rules which do not impose undue, unintended meanings to the text , and which largely limit the observer to the content offered by the books of 1st John and the Gospel of John. In order for any passage from elsewhere to be considered, it must have a relationship with the context at hand, such as a Scriptural quotation or a specific cross reference in the passage at hand by the author. This will serve to avoid going on unnecessary tangents elsewhere; and more importantly, it will provide the framework for a proper and objective comparison with passages located elsewhere in Scripture.

Remember that something elsewhere may be true, but in the text at hand it may not be in view.

The last two verses of 1 John chapter 2 appear to be best considered as the first two verses of chapter 3. For 1 Jn 2:28 is a thematic statement for the section in 1 John which follows; and 1 Jn 2:29 begins an examination of that thematic statement which continues until 4:19. Verse 28 begins with "Now, little children," establishing an announcement of a change in the context. It goes on to say, "abide in Him" - in Jesus Christ - "so that when He appears we [believers] may have bold assurance and not shrink away from Him in shame. This is the first time that the subject appears in First John: the subject of being motivated to abide in Jesus Christ so that when He appears to bring them with Him whereupon He will judge their lives, believers might have a bold - in the sense of a brave, courageous assurance - not shrinking away from Him in shame when He comes. Thereafter from 1 Jn 2:29-4:19 this is the subject:

****** EXCERPT FROM 1 JN 2 ******

OR MOVE TO FIRST VERSE OF CHAPTER THREE

(1 Jn 2:28) NOW, LITTLE CHILDREN - AND ALL CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD - ABIDE IN JESUS CHRIST, I.E., ABIDE IN WHAT YOU HAVE HEARD FROM GOD'S WORD FROM THE BEGINNING OF YOUR SALVATION UNTO ETERNAL LIFE EXPERIENCE SO THAT WHEN HE APPEARS (TO TAKE YOU FROM THE EARTH TO BE WITH HIM FOREVER), YOU MAY HAVE BOLD ASSURANCE AT HIS JUDGMENT OF YOUR FAITHFULNESS, AND NOT SHRINK AWAY FROM HIM IN SHAME

(1 Jn 2:28 NASB) "Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing]." =

Despite remaining in mankind's fallen condition, children of God, born of God may walk in fellowship with God by walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness - not according to it in sinless perfection; but in the sense of

(1) acknowledging that God is Perfect Light / Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7); and

(2) acknowledging their sinful shortcomings before a Holy God, (1 Jn 1:8-10);

and while they are walking in that Light they can know that they are righteous and discern righteous acts in others - not by what they feel such as by some kind of supernatural power taking control of them like an expression of an imagined spiritual gift, as some contend - but by trusting in what Scripture says about the matter: For Scripture says that the blood of Jesus, God's Son, cleanses each of them from the temporal sin they are acknowledging and from all unrighteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-10).

So whatever children of God, born of God do in the name of God while they walk in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness in accordance with that which they have properly learned from Scripture, albeitly imperfectly ., their deeds will be purified from all unrighteousness and be acceptable to God for eternal rewards at judgment . This is true when children of God, born of God endeavor to abide in the Son of God, Jesus Christ.

So John stipulates in 1 Jn 2:28 a formidable reason why children of God, born of God should choose to abide in Jesus Christ, i.e., in God's Word - the subject of 1 Jn 2:1-27. And that reason is so that they will have bold assurance and not shrink away in shame at His [Jesus Christ's] "parousia" - His appearing to take them from the earth to be with Him forever in the Rapture of the Church.

Christ's Second Coming to the earth is not in view, as some contend; for believers of this Church Age will be with Jesus Christ when He comes again to set down upon the earth; hence they will not be waiting for Him upon the earth when He comes in His Second Coming, they will already be with Him on this return .

So according to Scripture, Christ's judgment of the lives of all children of God, born of God of this age will occur in heaven before His Second Coming - during the interim between the Rapture of the saints at Christ's "parousian" - His appearing in the clouds (same Greek word as in 1 Jn 2:28) to rescue the children of God from the coming wrath of God upon the earth, (cf. 1 Th 1:10; 4:13-18 ); and the descent of the Lord Jesus in glory at His Second Coming, (Greek, "elthE"), seven years later, (Mt 25:31-46; Rev 19:11-21) .

[Compare Mt 25:31a Interlinear]:

"Hotan de ...elthE ..ho Uhios tou anthrOpon en tE doxE .autou"

"When .but .comes the Son .........of Man .......in ......glory His"

Note that the Greek word "elthE" rendered "coming" in Mt 25:31a is referring to Christ's Second Coming to the surface of the Earth, as opposed to the Rapture: His appearance "parousian" in the clouds above the earth in 1 Thess 4:13-18 .

Despite the fact that John's readership / children of God, born of God have been declared by author John, (and many other places in Scripture), as eternally saved unto eternal life, (refs, 1 Jn 2:1-2; 12, 25; 5:1, 9-13 ); they will all face Jesus Christ in judgment of their lives:

[Compare 2 Cor 5:10]:

(2 Cor 5:10 NASB) "For we [eternally secure believers, (2 Cor 5:1-9)] must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad." [Greek, "kakos" = "evil."]

[Compare 1 Cor 3:11-15]:

(1 Cor 3:11 NASB) "For no man can lay a foundation other than the one which is laid, which is Jesus Christ.

(1 Cor 3:12 NASB) Now if any man builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw,

(1 Cor 3:13 NASB) each man's work will become evident; for the day will show it because it is to be revealed with fire, and the fire itself will test the quality of each man's work.

(1 Cor 3:14 NASB) If any man's work which he has built on it remains, he will receive a reward.

(1 Cor 3:15 NASB) If any man's work is burned up, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire."

The Judgment Seat of Christ is not just a ceremony of handing out rewards to faithful believers, it is Christ's comprehensive review and consequent judgment of each believer's life wherein He examines everything from good to bad, with the potential consequence of the believer suffering loss of rewards and shame beginning at the Judgment Seat and lasting throughout the Millennial Rule of Jesus Christ. On the other hand, the believer might receive rewards such as a greater capacity to serve and honor God in the Kingdom to come and for the rest of eternity . Since children of God, born of God of this age at that time will have their eternal bodies, sin will no longer inhibit appropriate regret and embarassment about those things in ones earthly life that did not please the LORD - even to the extent of weeping and gnashing of teeth for being excluded from fellowship and the wedding banquet with the LORD Jesus Christ for the entire Millennial Rule .

The Greek word "parrhEsian" in 1 Jn 2:28 rendered "confidence" in most versions is better rendered "bold assurance" to convey the direct opposite of shame. It signifies a brave, courageous assurance - not shrinking away from Him in shame when He comes - a great anticipation of receiving a positive assessment of ones life resulting in eternal rewards for being faithful - for standing firm in the faith in the doctrines of God's Word - from the Son of God, the LORD Jesus Christ when He appears. Author John is making the point that whether or not one has a bold assurance or is shamed at Christ's appearing depends upon the extent to which one has abided in God's Word throughout ones mortal life.

1 Jn 2:28 embodies the main theme of John's First Epistle which is followed by 1 Jn 2:29-4:19, which provides details of how a believer might fare well at the Judgment Seat of Christ.

...................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 2:28).

(1 Jn 2:29) WHILE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD CONTINUE TO KNOW, I.E., ACKNOWLEDGE THAT GOD IS ABSOLUTELY RIGHTEOUS; THEY CAN THEMSELVES DO RIGHTEOUS ACTS AND DISCERN RIGHTEOUS ACTS BEING DONE BY OTHERS AND KNOW THAT THOSE OTHERS ARE ALSO BORN OF GOD

(1 Jn 2:29 NASB) "If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him." =

The Greek words "ean eidEte" rendered "If you know" in the NASB with the verb "eidEte" in the perfect tense, subjunctive mood, (lit., 'If you have known," = having believed in the Absolute Righteousness of God and consequently in His Son for eternal life in the past with an ongoing benefit of discernment of righteousness so long as one stands firm in that knowledge attained when one became a child of God, born of God, (1 Jn 2:1-2; 1 Jn 5:1, 9-13; Jn 1:12-13). And since "eidEte" is in the subjunctive mood, it signifies objective possibility, i.e., maybe one who is a child of God, born of God will continue to know or maybe he will not continue to know that God is Absolutely Righteous.

The second phrase, 1 Jn 2:29b, indicates that those children of God, born of God who "know that God is righteous" are able to discern righteous acts in others by observing their behavior. And it indicates that those doing the righteous acts are themselves born of God. This is not to say that all those who cannot be so discerned as doing righteousness are all not born of God. There is always the possibility of thoughts and actions of righteousness that are not discernible by fellow believers or of unfaithfulness amongst the body of born of God, children of God, hence the subjunctive mood in 1 Jn 2:29, (cf. 1 Jn 1:8, 10). Instructions to believers to continue to learn, obey, stand corrected, be reproved, confess sins, etc., in the Word of God - through the leading of the Holy Spirit might be and often are ignored. If one is not for the moment observed as doing acts of righteousness, it does not mean that that one is not born of God. For no one in their mortal life can claim to be without sin nor have perfect knowledge and perfect obedience to the Word of God, nor claim to be omniscient / perfect in ones observations of another relative to their doing acts of righteousness or being born of God, (1 Jn 1:8, 10; 2:1). Nevertheless a child of God, born of God remains saved because God has promised it:

1) [Ref 1 Jn 2:25]:

(1 Jn 2:25 NKJV) "And this is the promise that He has promised us - eternal life."

Since author John had declared in 1 Jn 1:5b that "God is Light (Righteousness) and in Him is no darkness (evil) at all;" a doctrine in which all children of God, born of God must exercise faith in order to believe in His Righteousness as credible in His act in providing His Son as a sacrifice for their sins in order from each one of them to become a child of God, born of God;

and since John referred to the antichrists' heretical teachings which includes their false teaching that the nature of God contains both light and darkness in the sense of good and evil, thereby discrediting God as not trustworthy - not Absolutely Righteous;

then John has evidently in mind in 1 Jn 2:29 that his readers - children of God, born of God must stand firm in their faith "that God is light and in Him is no darkness at all" - affirming that they are abiding in God's Word, hence in fellowship with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ, (1 Jn 2:24). And they must do this in order to discern righteous words and actions in another; otherwise their own unfaithful, convoluted light / dark reasoning would not reveal whether or not an act is truly righteous.

So if a child of God, born of God does stand firm in the faith that God is Absolutely Righteous then author John wrote "you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him, i.e., born of God, (ref. 1 Jn 3:9; 4:7; 5:1, 4, 18 [twice]). The word rendered "also" implies that the child of God, born of God who continues to acknowledge God's Absolute Righteousness can do acts of righteousness himself and can discern the righteous acts of other children of God, born of God and determine that they are also born of God.

Despite remaining in mankind's fallen condition, children of God, born of God may walk in fellowship with God by walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness - not according to it in sinless perfection; but in the sense of

(1) acknowledging that God is Perfect Light / Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7); and

(2) acknowledging their sinful shortcomings before a Holy God, (1 Jn 1:8-10);

and while they are walking in that Light they can know that they are righteous and discern righteous acts in others - not by what they feel such as by some kind of supernatural power taking control of them like an expression of an imagined spiritual gift, as some contend - but by trusting in what Scripture says about the matter: For Scripture says that the blood of Jesus, God's Son, cleanses each of them from the temporal sin they are acknowledging and from all unrighteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-10).

On the other hand, this is conditioned upon the accuracy of what children of God, born of God think another is saying and doing. Appearances due to the lack of the knowledge of details behind what is observed can be deceiving. And children of God, born of God neither have God's Absolute Knowledge of another's eternal and temporal position with Him, nor what God knows about another's understanding, motivation and faith. And this is further limited by what the child of God, born of God has as an accurate understanding of what Scripture teaches on the matter at hand - in accordance with their faithfulness in following the rules by which the words of God's Word were composed .

2) [Review of First John relative to 1 Jn 2:29]:

» study / abide in God's Word - be careful to keep His commandments, and thereby abide in God / Jesus Christ - hence walk in the same manner as Jesus Christ by the grace of God, (1 Jn 2:3-14, 24; 3:2-3, 24, 27; Jn 14:23);

» determine what to say to others from Scripture, (1 Jn 2:14, 24);

» care for the unsaved and share their faith with them with an agapE, godly love, (1 Jn 2:24; Mt 28:19-20);

» express agapE, godly love toward the brethren and thereby affirm to themselves that by the grace of God they know God and are born of God and that they know that God's love is perfected / made complete in them, (1 Jn 2:10; 3:14, 18-19; 4:7-12);

» confess their sins while walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-10);

» be assured because they are children of God, born of God that their sins are forgiven unto eternal life and unto temporal fellowship with God, (1 Jn 1:9, 2:12);

» look forward to Christ's appearing and thereby be assured of their eternal destiny, (1 Jn 2:28; 3:2);

» not love the world or the things in it, (1 Jn 2:15);

» know that they are children of God, born of God unto eternal life because the world hates them like it hated Christ - implying that they are endeavoring to abide in God - in His Word, (1 Jn 3:13);

» confess the Father and the Son - acknowledging truths from Scripture about them, and especially the Son having come in the flesh, (1 Jn 2:23);

» know that God is Light - that He is Absolute Righteousness; and in Him there is no darkness, no unrighteousness at all, (1 Jn 1:5-7; 2:29; 3:5);

» know that they are children of God, born of God because they have the sure hope of eternal life fixed upon the Son of God, (1 Jn 2:28; 3:2-3);

» test the spirits through Scripture to determine if they are from God, (1 Jn 4:1-6); etc.

...................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 2:29).

****** END OF EXCERPT FROM 1 JN 2 ******

I) [1 Jn 3:1-9]:

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB) "[Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.

(1 Jn 3:2 NASB) Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is.

(1 Jn 3:3 NASB) And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure.

(1 Jn 3:4 NASB) Everyone who [does] sin also [does] lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness.

(1 Jn 3:5 NASB) You know that He appeared [ephanerOthE = manifested, in the sense of God incarnate] in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin.

(1 Jn 3:6 YLT) [Everyone] who [abides] in Him [does] not sin; every one who [sins] [has] not seen Him, nor known Him [the Son of God].

(1 Jn 3:7 NASB) Little children, make sure no one deceives you; the one who [does acts of] righteousness is righteous, just as He [Jesus Christ] is righteous;

(1 Jn 3:8 NKJV) He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned [lit., sins] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil.

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) [Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God."

A) (1 Jn 3:1a) BEHOLD! HOW GREAT A LOVE THE FATHER HAS BESTOWED ON US, THAT WE WOULD BE CALLED CHILDREN OF GOD; AND SUCH WE ARE

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB) "[Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him." =

First John 3:1 is actually the third verse of chapter 3 which chapter began at 1 Jn 2:28 and 29 with the new subject of believers abiding in the "agapE" love of Jesus Christ so that when He [Jesus Christ] appears, they may have bold assurance and not shrink away from Him in shame at His appearing and hence through abiding in Him can know that everyone also who does acts of righteousness is born of God which implies that such acts of Righteousness are observable:

1) [Compare 1 Jn 2:28-29 ]:

(1 Jn 2:28 NASB) "Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing].

(1 Jn 2:29 NASB) If you know that He is Righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him."

2) [Compare 1 Jn 3:1a Interlinear with NASB]:

(1 Jn 3:1a Interlinear) "Idete .......potapEn .............agapEn .dedOken hemin .ho .patEr ...

......................................"[Behold!] what manner of love ........has given to us ...the Father ..

hina tekna ....theou ...kleEthOmen ............kai ..........esmen."

that children of God we should be called .and [such] we are."

(1 Jn 3:1a NASB) "[Behold!] .how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are.

The Greek word " 'Idete" of the verb "eidon" which means to perceive, to visit, to look after in a physical sense, in 1 Jn 3:1a is best rendered "Behold!" It is in the imperative mood conveying an emphatic command for believers to physically see - to take a physical look with ones own eyes and see by ones own behavior / experience God's great love which the verse implies can be viewed by a child of God - a believer in the actions of fellow believers - children of God - as they abide in Jesus Christ His Son, performing acts of godly Righteousness. This is a continuation of the context of 1 Jn 2:28-29 that believers / children of God to abide in Him [Jesus Christ], so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing] and hence through abiding in Him can know that everyone also who does acts of righteousness is born of God which implies that such acts of Righteousness are observable. So if we who are ourselves children of God, born of God, (cf. 1 Jn 2:29; 3:2), see an individual acting in godly righteousness, we can look at him as a person who is the recipient of God's glorious, agapeE Love as a fellow child of God, born of God.

The Greek word "potapEn" rendered "how great" in 1 Jn 3:1 carries the sense of "how great," "how wonderful," "how glorious" is God's "agapE" love that we would be called children of God - a God Who is Almighty and Absolutely Righteous and He calls us His children!

In view is the absolutely gracious benevolence of God's "agapE" love which He demonstrated in providing salvation for men by sending His Son to pay the penalty for mankind's sins; thus procuring human salvation unto eternal life to all who choose to believe in Him who then become and are called by Him to be His children - children of God and who are equipped by Him to express God's AgapE Love toward others.

The "agapE" love of God in the context of First John reveals the very nature of God which characterizes the activity of God’s words and deeds throughout the history of His salvation from the beginning of creation, throughout the history of mankind, and through His born again children.

****** EXCERPT FROM STUDY OF THE WORD LOVE ******

AGAPE LOVE

[The New Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the NT, Joseph Henry Thayer, Hendrickson, Peabosy, Ma, 1981, p. 3]:

"agapaO ..... the love of Christians towards one another; of the benevolence which God in providing salvation for men, has exhibited by sending His Son to them and giving Him up to death... of the love which led Christ, in procuring human salvation to undergo sufferings and death... of the love with which God regards Christ..."

[Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, W. E. Vine, Fleming H. Revell, Old Tappan, N. J., p. 20]:

"AgapE and agapaO are used in the N.T.

(a) to describe the attitude of God toward His Son, John 17:26; the human race, generally, John 3:16; Rom 5:8; and to such as believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, particularly, John 14:21;

(b) to convey His will to His children concerning their attitude one toward another, John 13:34, and toward all me, 1 Thess 3:12; 1 Cor 16:14; 2 Pet 1:7

(c) to express the essential nature of God, 1 John 4:8.

Love can be known only from the actions it prompts. God's love is seen in the gift of His Son, 1 John 4:9, 10. But obviously this is not the love of complacency, or affection, that is, it was not drawn out by any excellency in its objects, Rom 5:8. It was an exercise of the Divine will in deliberate choice, made without assignable cause save that which lies in the nature of God Himself, cp. Deut 7:7, 8.

Love had its perfect expression among men in the Lord Jesus Christ, 2 Cor 5:14; Eph 2:4; 3:19; 5:2; Christian love is the fruit of His Spirit in the Christian, Gal 5:22.

Christian love has God for its primary object, and expresses itself first of all in implicit obedience to His commandments, John 14:15, 21, 23; 15:10; 1 John 2:5; 5:3; 2 John 6. Self-will, that is, self-pleasing, is the negation of love to God.

Christian love, whether exercised toward the brethren, or toward men generally, is not an impluse from the feelings, it does not always run with the natural inclinations, nor does it spend itself only upon those for whom some affinity is discovered. Love seeks the welfare of all, Rom 15:2, and works no ill to any, 13:8-10; love seeks opportunity to do good to all men, and especially toward them that are of the household of the faith, Gal 6:10.

In respect of agapaO as used of God, it expresses the deep and constant love and interest of a perfect Being towards entirely unworthy objects, producing and fostering a reverential love in them towards the Giver, and a practical love towards those who are partakers of the same, and a desire to help others to seek the Giver."

****** END OF EXCERPT FROM STUDY OF THE WORD LOVE ******

The inspired New Testament writers wrote of God's "agapE" love in the same way that the Old Testament writers wrote using the Hebrew word transliterated "chesedh" [Str. #H2617] which was used to portray the steadfast covenant love shown by God to His people, Israel. This love is an unmerited, (gracious), freely given love, an everlasting love, that makes the covenant its sign and expression:

3) [Compare Dan 9:4]:

(Dan 9:24 NASB) "I prayed to the LORD my God and confessed and said, 'Alas, O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps His covenant and lovingkindness for those who love Him and keep His commandments,' "

4) [Compare Neh 9:28-32]:

(Neh 9:28 NASB) "But as soon as they had rest, they did evil again before You; Therefore You abandoned them to the hand of their enemies, so that they ruled over them. When they cried again to You, You heard from heaven, And many times You rescued them according to Your compassion,

(Neh 9:29 NASB) And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your law. Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances, By which if a man observes them he shall live. And they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.

(Neh 9:30 NASB) However, You bore with them for many years, And admonished them by Your Spirit through Your prophets, Yet they would not give ear. Therefore You gave them into the hand of the peoples of the lands.

(Neh 9:31 NASB) Nevertheless, in Your great compassion You did not make an end of them or forsake them, For You are a gracious and compassionate God.

(Neh 9:32 NASB) Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God, who keeps covenant and lovingkindness, Do not let all the hardship seem insignificant before You, Which has come upon us, our kings, our princes, our priests, our prophets, our fathers and on all Your people, From the days of the kings of Assyria to this day."

5) [Compare Dt 7:7-8]:

(Dt 7:7 NASB) "The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any of the peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples,

(Dt 7:8 NASB) but because the LORD loved you and kept the oath which He swore to your forefathers, the LORD brought you out by a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt."

6) [Compare Jn 1:12-14; 3:16]:

(Jn 1:12 YLT) "But as many [of His own, (Jn 1:11a; i.e., as many of the rest of mankind)] as did receive Him to them He gave authority to become sons [lit., children] of God - to those believing in His name:

(Jn 1:13 YLT) who - not of blood nor of a will of flesh, nor of a will of man but - of God were begotten [born]...

(Jn 3:16 NIV) For God so loved [Gk "EgapEsen" from the verb "agapO" = "agapE" love] the world that he gave His One and Only Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but [should] have eternal life."

7) [Compare 1 Jn 4:8-10, 16]:

(1 Jn 4:8 YLT) "he who is not loving [agapOn] did not know God, because God is love ["agapE"].

(1 Jn 4:9 NASB) "By this the love [agapE] of God was manifested in us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through Him;

(1 Jn 4:10 NASB) in this is the love [agapE], not that we loved [EgapEsamen] God, but that He did love [EgapEsen] us, and did send His Son a propitiation for our sins.

(1 Jn 4:16 NASB) We have come to know and have believed the love which God has for us. God is love ["agapE"], and the one who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him."

8) [Compare Ro 5:8]:

(Ro 5:8 NASB) "But God demonstrates His own love [Greek: agapEn] toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."

God's "agapE" Love can be known in ones experience only from the actions it prompts in others toward another. God's love is seen in the gift of His Son, 1 John 4:9, 10. This love was totally gracious, not drawn out by any excellency in its object: The "agapE" love of God in view was an exercise of the Divine will in deliberate choice, made without assignable cause save that which lies in the Absolutely Gracious nature of God Himself.

A cont.) (1 Jn 3:1a cont.) BEHOLD! HOW GREAT A LOVE THE FATHER HAS BESTOWED ON US, THAT WE WOULD BE CALLED CHILDREN OF GOD; AND SUCH WE ARE, (cont.)

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB) "[Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God;.and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him, (cont.)" =

There is a variant of 1 Jn 3:1a which is to be considered as part of the original text:

WH, NU, 047P(sivid), Sinaiticus, A, B, C, 33, 1739 have the phrase rendered in the NASB "that we should be called God's children, and such we are"

TR, k, l, 049, 69, Maj have the phrase rendered "that we should be called children of God," in the NKJV, (with marginal note of it being included in the NU), and most other versions; omitting the last phrase as it is rendered in the NASB.

Even though the WH, NU reading has the short additional clause rendered "and such we are," it cannot be dismissed as a scribal expansion, because it has such early and diverse testimony. Thus, it is likely that the phrase was dropped by some scribe(s) because it was perceived to be clumsy inasmuch as it seems to anticipate the following statement in 3:2 rendered "Beloved, now we are children of God," in the NASB. For John's style is replete with intentional redundancy - one thought repeated with slight variation. John's point is that the believers are now the children of God even though they have not yet matured to the extent that they fully bear Christ's image.

.................................................................................................................................. (1 Jn 3:1a).

B) (1 Jn 3:1b) BEHOLD HOW GREAT A LOVE THE FATHER HAS BESTOWED ON US THAT WE WOULD BE CALLED CHILDREN OF GOD; AND SUCH WE ARE. FOR THIS REASON THE WORLD DOES NOT KNOW US, BECAUSE IT DID NOT KNOW HIM

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB cont.) "[Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him." =

The phrase rendered "for this reason" at the beginning of 1 Jn 3:1b looks forward in the verse to why the world does not know us in the sense of neither acknowledging nor recognizing that we are indeed children of God. And that reason is that the world "did not know Him" meaning Jesus Christ in that same sense. For the world is not part of the family of God, and as such has no familial relationship with God.

[The Epistles of John, Walking in the Light of God's Love, Zane C. Hodges, Grace Evangelical Society, Irving, Texas, 1999, pp. 127-128]:

"In fact, the world is as ignorant of us [children of God] as it was of Him, the Lord Jesus Christ. Even when the believer is acting in righteousness (cf. 1 Jn 2:29), in imitation of His Lord (cf. 1 Jn 2:6), the world can no more perceive this as a manifestation of divine life than it perceived Jesus, in His incarnation, as the revelation of 'that eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested' among men (cf. 1 Jn 1:2). Thus the 'beholding' urged here by the apostle is a uniquely Christian experience. Its importance will be developed as this section of the epistle progresses."

[Expositor's, cont., op. cit.]:

"To be hated by the world may be unpleasant, but ultimately it should reassure the members of the community of faith that they are loved by God, which is far more important than the world's hatred."

1) [Compare Jn 1:10 ]:

(Jn 1:10 YLT) "In the world He was, and the world through Him was made, and the world did not know Him:"

2) [Compare Jn 16:1-3]:

(Jn 16:1 NASB) "These things I have spoken to you so that you may be kept from stumbling.

(Jn 16:2 NASB) They will make you outcasts from the synagogue, but an hour is coming for everyone who kills you to think that he is offering service to God.

(Jn 16:3 NASB) These things they will do because they have not known the Father or Me."

..................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:1b).

C) (1 Jn 3:2) BELOVED, NOW AS WE ARE CHILDREN OF GOD, AND IT HAS NOT APPEARED AS YET WHAT WE WILL BE. WE KNOW THAT WHEN HE APPEARS, WE WILL BE LIKE HIM, BECAUSE WE WILL SEE HIM JUST AS HE IS

(1 Jn 3:2 NASB) "Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is."

Author John addresses his readers once more as "beloved" signifying that they are fellow born again children of God under God's care as their Father. The word picks up the thought of the previous verse that we believers are the objects of the agapE Love of the Father, Who regards and calls us His children.

The Greek word "nun" rendered "now" is in an emphatic position at the beginning of the verse, in second position: "Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be." It signifies the present moment of our experience of being children of God who still have the capacity to sin, as compared to the future - portrayed as a future mystery with the words rendered "and it has not appeared as yet what we will be." Then author John goes on to say, "We know that when He appears we will be like Him," This has in view our resurrection to eternal life in eternal bodies with a new intrinsic capacity to view things through the righteous eyes of Jesus Christ within our being: "because we will see Him just as He is," having the capacity to do only the Righteousness of God, and not sin at all.

Even though the child of God can be manifested as such by doing acts of righteousness (1 Jn 2:29) - at least manifested to God, themselves and fellow believers - the 'visibility' he thus achieves does not consist of any physical aspect or characteristic of the manifestation of ones future glorified physical body. The physical transformation which all the children of God will have when the LORD appears will become evident at that time. Thus the world which deliberately chose not to know Jesus, sees nothing to mark us out as God's children at the present time, (cf. 1 Jn 3:1b).

Still, one thing is known about that transformation: "we shall be like Him." So when Christ appears "what we shall be" will 'appear' too, and since "we shall be like Him" - without a sin nature but with wholly Righteous natures, then we do not want to "be ashamed before Him" because we had been unlike Him until then:

1) [Ref. 1 Jn 2:28]:

(1 Jn 2:28 NASB) "Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing]."

2) [Phil 3:20-21]:

(Phil 3:20 NASB) "For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ;

(Phil 3:21 NASB) who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has even to subject all things to Himself."

3) [1 Cor 15:49-54]:

(1 Cor 15:49 NASB) "Just as we have borne the image of the earthy, we will also bear the image of the heavenly.

(1 Cor 15:50 NASB) Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.

(1 Cor 15:51 NASB) Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed,

(1 Cor 15:52 NASB) in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.

(1 Cor 15:53 NASB) For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality.

(1 Cor 15:54 NASB) But when this perishable will have put on the imperishable, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then will come about the saying that is written, 'Death is swallowed up in victory.' "

So from the beginning of 1 Jn chapter 3, John's message is that believers are to be inspired to abide in Christ in view of His promise to them of their transformation to be like Him when He appears.

Note that the phrase rendered "because we will see Him just as He is," in 1 Jn 3:2b implies that the born again believer while in his mortal life still cannot see Jesus Christ as He is because he still has the sin nature which is an intrinsic part of him which contaminates his mind and constantly clouds over Who our Lord is - His absolutely Holy and Righteous character:

4) [Compare Ro 7:21-23]:

(Ro 7:21 NASB) "I find then the principle that evil is present in me, the one who wants to do good.

(Ro 7:22 NASB) For I joyfully concur with the law of God in the inner man,

(Ro 7:23 NASB) but I see a different law in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members."

D) (1 Jn 3:3) CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD, WHEN / WHILE THEY TRUST THAT WHEN CHRIST APPEARS THEY WILL BE JUST AS HE IS: IN AN ETERNAL RESURRECTION BODY WITH HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS, GOD PURIFIES THEM JUST AS JESUS CHRIST IS PURE - THEY ARE PURIFIED FROM ALL TEMPORAL UNRIGHTEOUSNESS

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB) "[Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him. (1 Jn 3:2 NASB) Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is. (1 Jn 3:3 NASB) And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure." =

The phrase rendered "And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him" refers to those moments when a born again child of God has the sure hope of receiving eternal life and an eternal resurrection body like that of the risen Lord Jesus Christ when He appears - a sure hope based on the Character and the Capacity of God Himself, a sure hope which is fixed on Jesus Christ, His Son in the sense of trusting in His atonement for the sins of all mankind for forgiveness unto eternal life, (1 Jn 2:2) - an eternal life that includes an eternal resurrection body.

Note that a lifelong, continuous expression of the sure hope tantamount to sinless perfection is not in view in this passage. For the attainment of sinless perfection is not possible with mortal man, (1 Jn 1:8, 10).

The Greek word "elpida" rendered "hope" is not the same as in English. In the Greek it signifies a sure hope, not an indefinite possibility:

1) [Compare Titus 2:13]:

(Titus 2:13 NIV) "While we wait for the blessed hope [Elpida, Str. # 1680] - the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ"

Note that the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ is assured, i.e., it is a sure thing, a certainty of knowing Who God is. (Notice that Jesus Christ is called God). So the Greek word "Elpida" signifies a certain expectation - a sure hope, an event which is absolutely assured based on the absolute Power, Character, Holiness and Sovereignty of Almighty God - a sure hope.

2) [Eph 1:18-19]:

(Eph 1:18 NASB "I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope [Gk "elpis"] of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints,

(Eph 1:19 NASB) and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might."

3) [Compare 1 Jn 5:13]:

(1 Jn 5:13 NASB) "These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life."

[In the phrase rendered, "so that you may know that you have eternal life," a sure hope of eternal life for those that believed in the name of the Son of God is implied]

4) [Compare Eph 1:13-14]:

(Eph 1:13 NASB) "In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation - having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,

(Eph 1:14 NASB) who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory."

[Notice that God the Holy Spirit seals the believer and becomes a deposit Who guarantees the redemption unto eternal life of those who are God’s possession - the very ones that the Holy Spirit marks into Christ and indwells and seals at the point when an individual believes implying a sure hope in ones salvation unto eternal life]

D cont.) (1 Jn 3:3 cont.) CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD, WHEN / WHILE THEY TRUST THAT WHEN CHRIST APPEARS THEY WILL BE JUST AS HE IS: IN AN ETERNAL RESURRECTION BODY WITH HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS, GOD PURIFIES THEM JUST AS JESUS CHRIST IS PURE - THEY ARE PURIFIED FROM ALL TEMPORAL UNRIGHTEOUSNESS, (cont.)

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB) "[Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him. (1 Jn 3:2 NASB) Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is. (1 Jn 3:3 NASB) And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure." (cont.) =

1 Jn 3:1 goes on to say that everyone - every child of God, born of God - who has this sure hope fixed on Jesus Christ of being resurrected unto eternal life in an eternal resurrection body purifies himself in the sense that when / while that child has this sure hope, it results in that child being purified - in being declared by God to be Righteous just as He is pure: purified unto the Righteousness of God Himself. Although no mortal with a flawed nature, a sin nature can actually purify himself, during those times that that child maintains a sure hope of eternal life fixed on Jesus Christ, that child in effect purifies himself, having prompted that response by the grace of God to declare him purified for that time.

Just as Abraham was accounted as Righteous when he believed in God's future promise to him of eternal life, so the child of God is accounted as purified when / while that child has the sure hope of eternal life fixed on Jesus Christ:

5) [Compare Ro 4:9b]:

(Ro 9b NASB) "For we say, 'Faith was credited to Abraham as Righteousness.' " [Gen 15:6] .

During those moments when the child of God trusts in the sure hope fixed on Jesus Christ of eternal life that includes an eternal resurrection body, he is credited by God with His temporal purification, much like the result of walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness and confession of known sins which author John wrote of in 1 Jn 1:7, 9 which results in being cleansed by God from all [temporal] unrighteousness which is justified because of the blood of Jesus His Son, i.e., Jesus' atonement for the sins of all mankind - another way of saying that one's sure hope is fixed on Jesus Christ:

6) [1 Jn 1:7, 9]:

(1 Jn 1:7 NASB) "But if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, [One = God, with another = with each of we believers walking in the Light], and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin.

(1 Jn 1:9 NASB) If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness."

So a man purifies himself not because of any intrinsic power or Righteous capacity within himself, but because the exercise of his faith - in the sure hope fixed upon Jesus Christ is the basis upon which God cleanses him - forgives him of all of his temporal unrighteousness up through the time that he exercises that faith.

Note that 1 Jn 3:3 is not saying that the child of God must conduct his life commensurate with the Righteousness of Jesus Christ in order to have the sure hope of eternal life and continue to be a born again child of God destined for eternal life. This unbiblical concept implies that the child of God must put away every defilement, and be like Him in Absolutely Sinless Purity and Godly Righteousness, as some contend. This would lead to the conclusion that to live in sin or disobedience to God's commands is to abandon any hope in Him of eternal life. But 1 Jn 1:8 and 10 indicate that to claim to be without sin is not truthful .

Note that the ongoing status of being a born again child of God and of having eternal security is not effected by whether or not the born again child is faithful or even continues in his mind to trust in the sure hope of eternal life and an eternal resurrection body. His eternal destiny depends solely upon God fulfilling His promise to His children of eternal life from the moment that they believed in His Son, (cf. 1 Jn 5:9-3) .

E) (1 Jn 3:4) EVERYONE WHO [DOES] SIN ALSO [DOES] LAWLESSNESS; AND SIN IS LAWLESSNESS

(1 Jn 3:4 Interlinear) "Pas ...........ho .poiOn .................tEn ...hamaratian,

....................................."Everyone the .doing [one] ........the ....sin

kai .tEn .anomian ......poiei, .kai ..hE .hamartia estin hE anomia"

also the. lawlessness ..[does] and .the..sin............is ............lawlessness"

(1 Jn 3:4 YLT) "Every one who is doing ... sin, ... lawlessness also he [does], and ... sin is ... lawlessness," =

The Greek nouns in 1 Jn 3:4 "anomian" (accusative), "anomia" (nominative) rendered "lawlessness" in the NASB, (YLT, NKJV, HOLMAN, etc.) literally mean “having no law," i.e., acting in a manner characterized as rebellious toward God with an attitude that one is not held accountable to the laws of God. Note that the word has also been rendered "iniquity" / "evil" in a number of versions, (AV, KJV, NIV, Septuagint for the Hebrew word transliterated "awon," etc.) which has a wide range of meanings relative to actions that are sinful. Hence the use of the word "anomian" in 1 Jn 3:4 has in view the sense that while one - in this case, a born again child of God - does acts of sin, (Greek "hamaratian") one is acting in rebellion toward God and does not consider oneself accountable to God for ones behavior. Hence "anomia" or "lawlessness" is in view. Note that the two words "anomian" and "hamaratian" in 1 Jn 3:4 often appear in Scripture as synonymous with one another, (cf. Pss 32:1; 51:3; Ro 4:7; Heb 10:17). The phrase "pas ho pioOn tEn hamaratian" rendered "Every one who is doing sin" in the YLT is not restrictive to sins one is aware of or not aware of, or sins that are great or small. What is in view is the commission of any kind of sin in every kind of scenario which are all then concluded to be "anomian" - lawlessness: acting in a rebellious manner with an attitude of non-accountability to God - New Covenant included.

Whereupon Author John concludes, "hamaratia" [sin] is "anomia" [lawlessness] - repeating for emphasis the idea that where there is sin there is lawlessness: Where there is sin, i.e., where there is an act of unrighteousness there is an attitude of not having to be held accountable to the laws of God. What is evidently implied is that a number of those who were formally part of the Jerusalem Church denied that they could be held accountable for committing any acts of sin because in their view it was their fleshly selves that committed sins, not their spiritual selves. Hence they did not view their spiritual selves as being lawless in God's sight. Author John is emphasizing not taking sin lightly, but holding oneself to be fully accountable for sinful acts before God.

With the previous verse, 1 Jn 3:3 in view: "And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure," 1 Jn 3:4 contrasts the point that "Anomian" or lawlessness is antithetical [the direct opposite] to righteousness - the Absolute Righteousness / Purity of Jesus Christ.

1) [Compare 2 Cor 6:14]:

(2 Cor 6:14 NASB) "Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, [Greek: "anomia"] or what fellowship has light with darkness?"

[Hodges, op. cit., pp. 131-132]:

"Sin is the antithesis of the purity that belongs to Christ, and to everyone who has the hope of being like Him... In fact, in the English text we are told that to commit sin is to commit lawlessness, and also that sin is lawlessness... The apostle's statement is intended to stigmatize sin as 'evil,' 'wicked,' 'iniquitous.' ... One cannot soften the nature of character of sin without distorting reality. Sin is intrinsically evil. It follows, therefore, that the commission of sin in no way expresses or manifests the purity of which John spoke in verse 3."

F) (1 Jn 3:5) THE BORN OF GOD, CHILDREN OF GOD HAVE BEEN TAUGHT AND SHOULD KNOW THAT THE SON OF GOD APPEARED ON THE EARTH IN ORDER TO TAKE AWAY SINS; AND IN HIM IS NO SIN

Manuscript Evidence for 1 Jn 3:5

[In 1 Jn 3:5a, the Greek word "olidatE" rendered "you know" in the NASB appears in most Greek manuscripts, including A, B, C, L. It reads "we know" in the sinaiticus and many Coptic manuscripts - likely the result of a scribe's addition so as to follow John's usual style of including himself and his readers.

In 1 Jn 3:5b, WH and NU editions have the addition of the Greek word "hEmOn" rendered "our" in the phrase rendered "to take away our sins," with good support: A, B, P 33, 1739, it, syr(h), cop(bo), Lach, Treg, Alf, Tisc, Weis, UBS, TR. "Our" is omitted in sinaiticus(01), C, K, L, byz, sa, Sod. The fact is that 1 Jn 2:2 stipulates that Christ died for the sins of the whole world, (cf. 1 Jn 2:2) not just "our" meaning believers. On the other hand, "our" does not exclude the whole world, technically speaking because author John is only addressing children of God, born of God anyway. So either reading will suffice and as further clarified and qualified by the previous 1 Jn 2:2]

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(1 Jn 3:5 NASB) "You [plural] know that He appeared [Greek: "ephanerOthE" = manifested Himself, in the sense of appeared on earth as God incarnate] in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin." =

Verse 5 affirms what John's readers (and all children of God, born of God), are presumed to already know of, emphasizing the Absolutely Righteous character of Jesus Christ stating that when He appeared, i.e., in His incarnation on earth, He appeared "in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin."

1) [Compare Jn 1:29]:

(Jn 1:29 NASB) "The next day he [John the Baptist] [sees] Jesus coming to him and [says], 'Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!' "

2) [Compare 1 Jn 2:2]:

(1 Jn 2:2 NASB) "and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for.those of the whole world."

First and foremost, the purpose of the Son of God's appearance in human form was "to take away sins," i.e., to pay the penalty for the sins of the whole world, (Jn 1:29; 1 Jn 2:2), so that those who choose to trust alone in Him alone - in the One Who has made provision for the sins of the whole world - have eternal life with God, (Jn 3:16, cf. 1 Jn 5:1, 9-13).

And in the last phrase of 1 Jn 3:5, "You know that He appeared [Greek: "ephanerOthE" = manifested Himself, in the sense of appeared on earth as God incarnate] in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin," author John focuses upon the absolutely sinless perfection of our Lord Jesus Christ, the sinless One, born of God, (in stark contrast to a lawless, sinful world and the devil who has sinned from the beginning):

3) [Compare 1 Jn 3:8-9]:

(1 Jn 3:8 NKJV) "He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned [lit., sins] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil.

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) "Each One

[of those in view in the immediately preceeding context of verse 8: the devil and the Son of God]

Who has been born of God

[into Wholly Perfect Humanity without a sin nature which could only be the Son of God, excluding the devil]

does not sin, for His [God's] Seed [the Holy Spirit] remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God."

a) [Compare Mt 1:20-23]:

(Mt 1:20 NASB) "But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for the Child who has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.

(Mt 1:21 NASB) She will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.

(Mt 1:22 NASB) Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:

(Mt 1:23 NASB) 'Behold, the virgin shall be with child and shall bear a son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,' which translated means, 'God with us.'

Only a perfectly sinless Man, Wholly born of God through the Holy Spirit, Who is "God with us" can be in view in 1 Jn 3:9. Thus the point is made that the only One that children of God, born of God are to abide in is the Righteousness of the Son of God, born of God; not in the evil of the devil.

So when John stipulated in 1 Jn 3:5b, "in Him [Jesus Christ] there is no sin," he set the standard for the child of God, born of God to strive to abide in the Righteousness of the Son of God through the means that God has provided, (cf. 1 Jn 1:1-3:5 and throughout this epistle). This is in stark contrast to the devil who has sinned from the beginning and the world which is sinful and lawless from the time of the Fall of Adam. All sin is of the devil, originated by him as a result of his lawlessness and rebellion against God. Hence sin has no place in the life of a child of God, born of God through a moment of faith alone in Jesus Christ alone because in God there is no sin. And His Son, Jesus Christ in His Humanity, Who is the One born of God Himself in Whom one may trust to become the child of God, born of God, and thereby endeavor to abide in the Righteousness in Him; for "in Him there is no sin."

4) [Compare 1 Jn 2:29]:

(1 Jn 2:29 NASB) "If you know that He is Righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him."

5) [Compare 1 Jn 3:3]:

(1 Jn 3:3 NASB) "And everyone who has this hope. fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure."

[Hodges, op. cit., pp. 132-133]:

"In this light the thought in our verse is not only that Christ died for our sins but that His ultimate goal is our total freedom from sin forever. In fact, the statements of verse 3:2 have already referred implicitly to this climax. Our repudiation of sin, therefore, should be based not only on its iniquitous character, but also on the realization that the goal of our Savior Who redeemed us, is to completely remove it from our lives. Moreover His own personal purity, already referred to in verse 3:3, offers further incentive to reject sin in all its forms. For He is entirely without it: in Him there is no sin. Thus Christ's sacrificial work for us, plus His own personal and absolute holiness, make sin utterly unsuitable for the born again believer. No matter what rationalizations the readers might have heard for sin."

G) (1 Jn 3:6) ANY CHILD OF GOD, BORN OF GOD WHILE HE ABIDES IN THE SON OF GOD THROUGH THE MEANS BY WHICH AUTHOR JOHN HAS STIPULATED: THROUGH WALKING IN THE LIGHT OF GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS, CONFESSING SINS, KEEPING HIS COMMANDMENTS, ETC., ALBEIT ALL OF THIS IMPERFECTLY; HE IS PURIFIED OF ALL UNRIGHTEOUSNESS BY THE GRACE OF GOD. THE PHRASE RENDERED "THE ONE WHO ABIDES IN HIM DOES NOT SIN" DOES NOT HAVE EXPERIENTIAL SINLESS PERFECTION IN VIEW WHICH CONTRADICTS SCRIPTURE. BUT IN GOD'S VIEW WHICH IS THROUGH THE BLOOD OF HIS SON, "NO ONE WHO ABIDES IN HIM SINS:" AN ACCOUNTING TO THE CHILD OF GOD, OF GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS

ON THE OTHER HAND, EVERY CHILD OF GOD WHILE HE SINS IS CHARACTERIZED AS HAVING NOT SEEN HIM, NOR KNOWN HIM IN THE SENSE THAT HE IS ACTING APART FROM THE TRUTH ABOUT WHO GOD IS, DENYING GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS

(1 Jn 3:6 YLT) "[Everyone] who [abides] in Him [does] not sin; every one who [sins] [has] not seen Him, nor known Him [the Son of God]." =

Note that 1 Jn 3:6a cannot be rendered "does not continue to sin" or "does not habitually sin" as some contend, because the Greek phrase rendered "does not sin" is in the present tense with neither the appropriate progressive present context nor the required qualifying words to indicate "continue" or "habitually," . On the other hand it does convey the idea of not sinning at all! So if sinless perfection on the part of the child of God, born of God is in view, then there would not be a need for most of God's Word - only passages which lead up to and include salvation. Thereafter, a child of God, born of God would be perfect. So all of the passages encouraging believers to grow in the Word and abide in the Righteousness of the Lord are of no value - for that is claimed by some to happen automatically. And all of the passages which admonish a child of God not to behave like the world, such as First John chapter 2 and Romans chapter 6, would be misleading one to think that a child of God, born of God could practice sin. So if children of God, born of God do not sin then all of these oft ignored passages must be expunged from God's Word - including most of the New Testament epistles.

Furthermore, it has already been established in 1 Jn 1:8 and 10 that no child of God, born of God can claim to be completely free from committing sin in his experience at any time in his mortal life:

1) [Compare 1 Jn 1:8, 10 ]:

(1 Jn 1:8 NASB) "If we [should] say that we have no sin, we [deceive] ourselves and the truth is not in us."

(1 Jn 1:10 NASB) "If we [should] say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us."

Since 1 Jn 1:5-7 indicates that God is Light and in Him is no darkness at all - He is Absolute Righteousness. And since the child of God may endeavor to walk in the His Light in the sense of acknowledging God's Absolute Righteousness and confessing his own shortcomings to Him. Then the child of God may have fellowship with God, and be characterized as having seen Him and having known Him. And that child of God is cleansed from all sin by the blood of Jesus God's Son, by the grace of God - not by any experiential sinlessness on the part of the child of God:

2) [Compare 1 Jn 1:5-7 ]:

(1 Jn 1:5 NKJV) "This is the message which we have heard from Him and declare to you, that God is light and in Him is no darkness at all.

(1 Jn 1:6 NASB) If we [should] say that we have fellowship with Him and. yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not [do] the truth.

(1 Jn 1:7 NASB) but if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, [One = God, with another = with each of we believers walking in the Light], and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin."

Furthermore, children of God, born of God, (cf. 1 Jn 2:29; 3:1-2), have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous and may confess their sins and receive forgiveness and cleansing from all unrighteousness as well:

3) [Compare 1 Jn 1:9-2:1]:

(1 Jn 1:9 NASB) "If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

(1 Jn 2:1 NASB) My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous."

And while we children of God, born of God, (cf. 1 Jn 2:29; 3:2), keep His commandments, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin; it is by this that we know that have seen and known Him - of which not the least of His commandments are to walk in the Light of His Absolute Righteousness and confess our sins in order to be purifed from all unrighteousness and are characterized as keeping His commandments:

4) [1 Jn 2:3]:

(1 Jn 2:3 NKJV) "Now by this we [children of God, born of God, (cf. 1 Jn 2:29; 3:2)] know that we [have known] Him, if we keep His commandments."

And the child of God who endeavors to exercise the sure hope of His appearing and his being like Him when He appears, purifies himself just as He is pure via the grace - the unmerited favor - of God:

5) [1 Jn 3:2-3]:

(1 Jn 3:2 NASB) "Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is.

(1 Jn 3:3 NASB) And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure."

And if the child of God demonstrates agapE, godly love toward his brother, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin, he is abiding in the Light of Jesus Christ as well; and there is no cause for stumbling in him - albeit by the grace of God and not via moments of sinless perfection, implying God's grace of purifing him from all unrighteousness:

6) [1 Jn 2:10]:

(1 Jn 2:10 NASB) "The one who loves his brother abides in the Light and there is no cause for stumbling in him."

G cont.) (1 Jn 3:6 cont.) ANY CHILD OF GOD, BORN OF GOD WHILE HE ABIDES IN THE SON OF GOD THROUGH THE MEANS BY WHICH AUTHOR JOHN HAS STIPULATED: THROUGH WALKING IN THE LIGHT OF GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS, CONFESSING SINS, KEEPING HIS COMMANDMENTS, ETC., ALBEIT ALL OF THIS IMPERFECTLY; HE IS PURIFIED OF ALL UNRIGHTEOUSNESS BY THE GRACE OF GOD. THE PHRASE RENDERED "THE ONE WHO ABIDES IN HIM DOES NOT SIN" DOES NOT HAVE EXPERIENTIAL SINLESS PERFECTION IN VIEW WHICH CONTRADICTS SCRIPTURE. BUT IN GOD'S VIEW WHICH IS THROUGH THE BLOOD OF HIS SON, "NO ONE WHO ABIDES IN HIM SINS:" AN ACCOUNTING TO THE CHILD OF GOD, OF GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS

ON THE OTHER HAND, EVERY CHILD OF GOD WHILE HE SINS IS CHARACTERIZED AS HAVING NOT SEEN HIM, NOR KNOWN HIM IN THE SENSE THAT HE IS ACTING APART FROM THE TRUTH ABOUT WHO GOD IS, DENYING GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS, (cont.)

(1 Jn 3:6 YLT cont.) "[Everyone] who [abides] in Him [does] not sin; every one who [sins] [has] not seen Him, nor known Him [the Son of God]." =

Every child of God, born of God, (cf. 1 Jn 2:29; 3:2) while he sins is characterized as having not seen God, nor known Him in the sense that while he sins he does not have in his sight or in his mind Who God is, not the least of which is that He is Perfect Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7). So every one who sins is neither abiding in God, (1 Jn 2:28; 3:6); nor walking in the same manner as He [Jesus Christ] walked; (1 Jn 3:6a, 2:6, 24); nor keeping His commandments - His Word, (1 Jn 2:3-5); nor loving his brother, (1 Jn 2:10-11); nor walking in the Light of His Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7; 2:9-11). Hence the one who sins is operating without a view as to Who God is: as if he "has not seen Him or known Him."

The two verbs in the Greek phrase in view below,

"ouch heOraken .auton oude .egnOken ...auton"

"not ...has seen ...Him, ..nor ...has known Him"

which is best rendered "has not seen Him, nor known Him" are in the perfect tense signifying action that has begun in the past with present results the length of which is defined by the time that one is committing sin without reconciling it with God, (1 Jn 1:-9). The phrase does not indicate that one has never seen or known the Son of God. It does not define whether or not a person is a born of God, child of God. For both saved, (1 Jn 1:8-10, 9; 1 Jn 2:29), and unsaved individuals are fully capable and do sin all the time! Nor does it indicate that the one who sins will not return to fellowship with God hence return to having seen and having the knowledge of God by abiding in Him, by walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, confessing ones sins, (1 Jn 1:5-9), etc. On the other hand, the phrase does stigmatize sin as the product of not abiding in the Son of God characterized by blindness and ignorance of God - having not seen Him and not known Him.

H) (1 Jn 3:7) CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD ARE TO MAKE SURE THAT NO ONE DECEIVES THEM RELATIVE TO THEIR UNDERSTANDING ABOUT GOD AND THEIR OBLIGATION TO HIM: THE CHILD OF GOD, BORN OF GOD WHILE HE DOES ACTS OF RIGHTEOUSNESS IS RIGHTEOUS AS GOD IS RIGHTEOUS - IN THE SENSE OF BEING ACCOUNTED THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD THROUGH THE BLOOD OF HIS SON JESUS CHRIST. SIN IS NOT COMPATIBLE WITH RIGHTEOUSNESS, NOR SHOULD IT CHARACTERIZE THE BORN OF GOD, CHILD OF GOD

Manuscript Evidence for 1 Jn 3:7

[Sinaiticus, B, L have "teknia," A, P, Psi, 33, 1739 have "paidia," both meaning "young children." The words are synonymous, both suiting the context]

Author John once more addresses his readers affectionately with "teknia" rendered "Little children." Other manuscrips have "paidia," meaning "young children." In any case, John's audience continues to be children of God, born of God]

************************************************************************

(1 Jn 3:7 NASB) "Little children, make sure no one deceives you; the one who [does acts of] righteousness is righteous, just as He [God] is righteous;" =

1) [Compare 1 Jn 2:29; 3:2]:

(1 Jn 2:29 NASB) "If you know that He is Righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him.

(1 Jn 3:2 NASB) Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is."

Notice that those who are doing acts of righteousness of God are in view, confirming that children of God, born of God are in view in this verse. The subject of the verse is not limited to only the leaders in the Jersusalem Church, as some contend. For author John began 1 Jn 3:7 with the phrase rendered "My little children." Furthermore, what John has been instructing his readers in this verse serves all levels of maturity in the faith of born of God, children of God. No child of God, born of God is without sin.

John writes in 1 Jn 3:7, "make sure no one deceives you; the one who [does acts of] righteousness is righteous, just as He [God] is righteous." The verse focuses upon guarding against being deceived, implying that John's readers have been subject to deceivers in the congregation who have been minimizing the importance of righteous behavior as a mandate for the conduct of a child of God, and effectively giving license to sinful behavior - minimizing the consequences of any sin committed by the child of God. Sin is not compatible with God's Absolute Righteousness, nor should it characterize the child of God, born of God. For John goes on to write, "The one who [does acts of] righteousness is righteous, just as He God] is righteous." So in Him [God] there is no sin, (cf. 1 Jn 1:5), implying that only righteousness can come from One with a wholly Righteous nature. There were evidently some who contended that there was evil in God - such as the antichrists who were deceiving the believers in the Jerusalem Church with this notion.

Although no child of God, born of God can claim to have moments of sinless perfection - nor can they claim to have a nature that is wholly righteous in order to produce godly righteousness, (1 Jn 1:8, 10); nevertheless the relatively righteous acts of the child of God, born of God, albeit imperfect, are cleansed from all unrighteousness and accounted to the child of God, born of God to be the Righteousness of God through the grace of God and the blood of His Son via such means,in accordance with author John's First Epistle as follows:

Children of God, born of God are cleansed from all unrighteousness by virtue of walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness and confessing ones sins while endeavoring, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin: 1) to keep / abide in His commandments / His Word; 2) to walk as He walked; 3) to express agapE love toward the fellow children of God, born of God; 4) to have the sure hope of His appearing and of being like Him when He does so, (ref. 1 Jn 1:5-7; 2:3-10, 24-29; 3:2-3).

I) (1 Jn 3:8) THE CHILD OF GOD, BORN OF GOD WHO SINS, WHILE HE SINS, IS CHARACTERIZED AS OF THE DEVIL. FOR THE DEVIL HAS SINNED FROM THE BEGINNING. FOR THIS PURPOSE THE SON OF GOD WAS MANIFESTED, THAT HE MIGHT DESTROY THE WORKS OF THE DEVIL

(1 Jn 3:8 NKJV) "He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned [lit., sins] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil." =

Verse 8a presents the stark contrast between sin and the devil and the Son of God and His Absolute Righteousness: "He who sins is of the devil:" While a child of God, born of God, sins he is characterized as "of the devil" in the sense of one doing the devil's work. Since the phrase in 1 Jn 3:8a rendered "He who sins" is a nominative, present participle, literally meaning, 'the one doing sin,' signifying the one who does sin which has neither a progressive present context nor the qualifying words to indicate "continues to sin" or "habitually sins," ; then this phrase is not intended to be a test of whether or not an individual is saved unto eternal life - implying that those who do not practice or continue to sin are proved out to be saved, as some contend. Furthermore, proof and assurance that one is saved unto eternal life is found in the one time moment of faith of an individual in Jesus Christ and Him alone, (1 Jn 5:1, 9-13 ).

Finally, children of God, born of God cannot claim at any time in their mortal lives to have no sin, or to have not sinned, (1 Jn 1:8, 10). They must use God's remedies for when they inevitably do sin which include walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, confession, etc., (1 Jn 1:7-2:2).

If it were true that children of God, born of God neither continue to sin, nor habitually sin then there would not be no need for most of God's Word - only passages which lead up to and include salvation. Thereafter, a child of God, born of God would be perfectly sinless. So all of the passages encouraging children of God, born of God to grow in the Word, abide in the Righteousness of the Lord are of no value. And those passages which admonish a child of God not to behave like the world would be misleading one to think that a child of God, born of God could practice sin. But such is not the case, children of God, born of God do sin and must remedy that situation by what God has provided for when they do sin:

1) [Compare 1 Jn 1:7-2:2]:

(1 Jn 1:7 NASB) "But if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, [One = God, with another = with each of we believers walking in the light], and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin.

(1 Jn 1:8 NASB) If we [should] say that we have no sin, we [deceive] ourselves and the truth is not in us.

(1 Jn 1:9 NASB) If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

(1 Jn 1:10 NASB) If we [should] say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us.

(1 Jn 2:1 NASB) My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous;

(1 Jn 2:2 NASB) and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world."

....................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:8a)

The reason for the statement, "He who sins is of the devil" is given in 1 Jn 3:8b as follows: "for the devil has sinned from the beginining" referring to the original state of creation as it was when Satan introduced sin into it by his own proud self-exaltation, (cf. Isa 14:12-15; Ezek 28:11-15 ).

....................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:8b)

John then concluded in 1 Jn 3:8c, "For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil," implying that the character of the Son of God was Absolute Righteousness and that the devil was the originator of sin. So the purpose of the incarnation of the Son of God was that He might destroy the works of the devil - the sinful control that he has exercised throughout the world "from the beginning", evidently to return the world to its original Righteous state.

2) [Compare Jn 8:44]:

(Jn 8:44 NASB) "You [Jews who had believed in Jesus, now hostile to Him, (v. 31ff)] are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies."

3) [Compare 1 Jn 3:5]:

(1 Jn 3:5 NASB) "You know that He appeared [ephanerOthE = manifested, in the sense of God incarnate] in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin."

Note the stark contrast between the Son of God and His Absolute Righteousness and the devil and sin. In the passage at hand, this contrast is exemplified in the potential actions of children of God, born of God - whether they might choose to abide in Christ in His Righteousness or abide in the evil deeds of the devil. The battle is:

1) the devil who sinned from the beginning - his works originating sin, lawlessness and rebellion against God contaminating the whole human race and the world so that all of mankind are physically born with a sin nature which constantly causes the commission of acts of sin;

and

2) the Son of God, Jesus Christ Who in His Humanity, came to destroy the works of the devil and enable mankind to be saved by taking away sin. For in Him is no sin at all, He was perfectly born of God in His Human entirety and remains forever Absolutely Righteous. He cannot sin, (unlike humanity after the Fall), for God's Seed remains in His Humanity, Who insures and preserves Christ's Absolute Righteousness. So through Him all who trust in Him for it, will be justified unto His Righteousness. So through Christ the works of the devil have been destroyed and the world will be restored to its original Righteous state at the end of the ages, (cf. Isa 65:17; 66:22; 2 Pe 3:13; Rv 21:1).

Despite remaining in mankind's fallen condition, children of God, born of God may walk in fellowship with God by walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness - not according to it in sinless perfection; but in the sense of

(1) acknowledging that God is Perfect Light / Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7); and

(2) acknowledging their sinful shortcomings before a Holy God, (1 Jn 1:8-10);

J) (1 Jn 3:9) THE VERSES LEADING UP TO 1 JN 3:9 HAVE IN VIEW THE STARK CONTRAST BETWEEN THE SON OF GOD AND HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS AND THE DEVIL AND SIN - AS EXEMPLIFIED BY POTENTIAL ACTS OF SIN AND RIGHTEOUSNESS BY THE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD

THE BATTLE IS BETWEEN:

THE DEVIL WHO SINNED FROM THE BEGINNNING - HIS WORKS OF ORIGINATING SIN, LAWLESSNESS AND REBELLION IN HIMSELF AND ALL OF HUMANITY AGAINST GOD, CONTAMINATING THE WHOLE HUMAN RACE AND THE WORLD SO THAT ALL OF MANKIND ARE PHYSICALLY BORN WITH A SIN NATURE WHICH CAUSES ACTS OF SIN;

AND THE SON OF GOD, JESUS CHRIST WHO IN HIS HUMANITY WAS WHOLLY AND PERFECTLY BORN OF GOD, AND REMAINS ABSOLUTELY RIGHTEOUS; WHO CAME TO DESTROY THE WORKS OF THE DEVIL AND ENABLE MANKIND TO BE SAVED BY TAKING AWAY SIN - TO ENABLE EACH INDIVIDUAL TO TRUST IN HIS WORK TO RECEIVE ETERNAL LIFE AND THEREAFTER ABIDE FOREVER IN HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS

(1 Jn 2:28 NASB) "Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing]. (1 Jn 2:29 NASB) If you know that He is Righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him. (1 Jn 3:1 NASB) [Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him. (1 Jn 3:2 NASB) Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is. (1 Jn 3:3 NASB) And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. (1 Jn 3:4 NASB) Everyone who [does] sin also [does] lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness. (1 Jn 3:5 NASB) You know that He appeared [ephanerOthE = manifested, in the sense of God incarnate] in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin. (1 Jn 3:6 YLT) [Everyone] who [abides] in Him [does] not sin; every one who [sins] [has] not seen Him, nor known Him [the Son of God]. (1 Jn 3:7 NASB) Little children, make sure no one deceives you; the one who [does acts of] righteousness is righteous, just as He [Jesus Christ] is righteous; (1 Jn 3:8 NKJV) He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned [lit., sins] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil. (1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) [Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God." =

1) In View In The Verses Leading Up To 1 Jn 3:9: Children of God, Born of God Are To Abide In Him So That When He Appears They May Have Bold Assurance At His Appearing. If They Know That He is Righteous, They Know That Everyone Who Does Acts Of Righteousness Are Born Of Him. Children Of God Will Be Like Christ When He Appears Again. Those Who Have This Sure Hope Of Being Purified From Sin As Christ Is Pure Are Themselves Purified. But Those Who Do Sin, Do Lawlessness. He Appeared To Take Away Sins, And In Him Is No Sin. Everyone Who Abides In Him Is Purified Of His Sins, Everyone Who Sins Is Characterized As Not Having Seen Or Known Him. The One Who Does Righteousness Is Characterized As Righteous Just As He Is Righteous. The One Who Does Sin Is Characterized As Of The Devil Who Has Sinned From The Beginning. The Son Of God Appeared To Destroy The Works Of The Devil And Enable Mankind To Be Saved By Taking Away Sin - To Enable Each Individual To Trust In His Work To Receive Eternal Life And Thereafter To Choose To Abide In His Righteousness.

(1 Jn 2:28 NASB) "Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing].

(1 Jn 2:29 NASB) If you know that He is Righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him.

[Children of God, born of God are to abide in Him so that when He appears they may have bold assurance at His appearing. If they know that He is Righteous, they know that everyone who does acts of Righteousness are born of Him]

(1 Jn 3:2 NASB) Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is.

[When Jesus Christ appears [1 Thess 4:13-18 ] children of God, born of God will be transformed into being like Him - Absolutely Righteous making complete their spiritual birth - no longer able to sin]

(1 Jn 3:3 NASB) And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure.

[Every child of God, born of God who has the sure hope of His appearing as a result of God's purifying grace purifies himself, just as Jesus Christ is pure]

(1 Jn 3:4 NASB) Everyone who [does] sin also [does] lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness.

[But every child of God, born of God while he does sin, he does lawlessness]

(1 Jn 3:5 NASB) You know that He appeared [ephanerOthE = manifested, in the sense of God incarnate] in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin.

[Jesus Christ appeared in His Perfect Humanity in order to take away sins. In Him there is no sin.]

(1 Jn 3:6 YLT) [Everyone] who [abides] in Him [does] not sin; every one who [sins] [has] not seen Him, nor known Him [the Son of God].

[Every child of God, born of God while he abides in the Son of God - in His Word, i.e., obeys His commandments - albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin while confessing his sins and walking in God's Light, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin, (1 Jn 1:8, 10), is characterized as not having sinned as a result of God's purifying grace through confession, (1 Jn 1:9). On the other hand, while a child of God, born of God sins without confessing them, he is characterized in his behavior / experience, (as opposed to his eternal state), as having not seen Him, or known Him in the sense of denying God's Absolute Righteousness, distancing himself in his mind from the truth about the Absolute Righteousness of God that he believed in to become a born of God, child of God]

(1 Jn 3:7 NASB) Little children, make sure no one deceives you; the one who [does acts of] righteousness is righteous, just as He [Jesus Christ] is righteous;

[Children of God, born of God should take heed to not be deceived by others and consider the truth of the matter that one who does acts of righteousness in the sense of abiding in His Word, obeying His commands, confessing sins, walking in His Light, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin, is righteous - as righteous as Jesus Christ is righteous - as a result of God's purifying grace]

(1 Jn 3:8 NKJV) He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned [lit., sins] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil.

[Children of God, born of God while they commit sin - and they have the capacity to sin, (unlike the Son of God Who was wholly born of God without the capacity to sin) - are characterized as "of the devil" in their behavior / experience, not their eternal state. For the devil has sinned from the beginning. And for this purpose the Son of God, Jesus Christ was manifested in wholly Perfect Humanity that He might destroy the works of the devil - works which originated sin, lawlessness and rebellion against God, contaminating humanity and the whole world]

2) The Following Words From 1 Jn 3:9 Rendered, "Each One Who Has Been Born Of God Does Not Sin [At All] For His [God's] Seed Remains In Him; And He Cannot Sin, Because He Has Been Born Of God," Can Only Refer To The Son Of God, Jesus Christ.

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) "[Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God." =

¤ Since 1 Jn 2:28-3:8 has in view the stark contrast between the Son of God and His Righteousness and sin and the devil; and the battle between them - as exemplified by potential acts of sin and righteousness by the children of God, born of God wherein the nature from which comes sinful actions and the new born of God nature from which comes godly righteousness have both been in view in the children of God, born of God in First John up to this point.

¤ and since the battle is between God and the devil:

the devil who sinned from the beginning - his works of originating sin, lawlessness and rebellion in himself and all of humanity against God, contaminating the whole human race and the world so that all of mankind are physically born with a sin nature which causes acts of sin;

and the Son of God, Jesus Christ Who in His Humanity was Wholly and Perfectly born of God, and remains Absolutely Righteous; Who came to destroy the works of the devil and to take away sin - to enable each individual to trust in His work to receive eternal life and thereafter to choose to abide in His Righteousness;

¤ and since 1 Jn 3:9a and b stipulate, "Each One Who has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him, indicating Absolute Sinless Perfection which is unlike the whole person of the children of God, born of God who can choose to sin or do righteousness - both sin and born of God natures in view in John's first epistle up to this point;

¤ and since 1 Jn 3:9b goes on to say that God's Seed Who birthed His [Christ's] Humanity remains in Him Who insures and preserves the One born of God's Absolute Righteousness so that He does not sin - unlike the children of God, born of God who can choose to sin or do righteousness - both sin and born of God natures in view in John's first epistle up to this point;

¤ and since 1 Jn 3:9c further stipulates that the One in view Who has been born of God does not sin, "cannot sin," which is unlike humanity after the Fall, and which is likewise unlike the child of God, born of God who is in a state of dichotomy - one part which cannot sin and the other part which sins all the time - both parts of which are in view in the whole person of the child of God, born of God in the context leading up to 1 Jn 3:9, (refs, 1 Jn 3:2-8; cf Ro 7:20-24; Gal 2:20);

¤ and since 1 Jn 3:9 does not have in view the rest of mankind who will remain unsaved and cannot do any acts of godly righteousness and sins all the time;

then it is the One wholly born of God Who, in His Entirety, Who does not and cannot sin: Jesus Christ, Who is in view in 1 Jn 3:9. All who trust in Him for salvation unto eternal life will be justified unto His Righteousness unto eternal life; and through Him the works of the devil have been destroyed, enabling the child of God, born of God to choose to abide in God's Absolute Righteousness.

a) [Compare 1 Jn 3:9 INTERLINEAR with NKJV]:

(1 Jn 3:9 Interlinear) "Pas ............ho .gegennEmenos .....ek tou Theou hamartian ou ..poiei,

....................................."Each One .the having been born .of .......God.....sin .............not .does

hoti .......sperma autou en autO menei .kai ou ..dunatai ....hamartanein

because Seed ......His ....in Him ..abides and not He is able to sin

hoti .......ek tou Theou gegennEtai."

because of ........God ...has been born."

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) ........"[Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God."

3) The Greek Words "Hamartian Ou Poiei" Rendered "Does Not Sin" In 1 Jn 3:9a Is A Present Tense, Third Person, Singular Verb Signifying The One Who Has Been Born Of God Does Not Sin With Neither The Appropriate Progressive Present Context Nor The Required Qualifying Words To Indicate "Does Not Practice" Or "Does Not Continue In Sin," Or 'Does Not Habitually Sin,' Etc., As Some Contend. For An Occasional Or Even A Single Additional Sin Would Still Qualify As "Continuing To Sin" or "Habitually Sinning" or "Practicing Sinning." Furthermore, These Insertions Into The Text Still Do Not Then Permit The Whole Person Of The Child Of God, Born Of God With Both Sin And Born Of God Natures To Be In View In 1 Jn 3:9, Because He Can And Still Does Choose To Do / Practice / Continue To / Habitually Sin According To 1 Jn 1:8, 10 Until Christ Appears When The Child Of God, Born Of God Will Be Like Him - Without Sin, (1 Jn 3:2)

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) "[Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God." =

The Greek words "hamartian ou poiei" rendered "does not sin" in 1 Jn 3:9a rendered "Each One Who has been born of God does not sin" is a present tense third person singular verb signifying the one who has been born of God does not sin with neither the appropriate progressive present context nor the required qualifying words to indicate "does not practice" or "does not continue in sin," or 'does not habitually sin,' etc., as some contend,. Furthermore, to insist on renderings of 1 Jn 3:9a such as 'does not continue to sin, or 'does not habitually sin,' or 'does not practice sin' is to insist on that which does not permit an occasional sin or even a single additional sin. For an occational or a single additional sin would still qualify as "continue to sin" or "habitual sin" or "practicing sin." Thus the attempt to change the original Greek text to allow for an occasional sin or a single additional sin by the born of God, child of God does not succeed. In the final analysis the text does not permit any sin at all, excluding the child of God, born of God who still does choose to do / practice / continue to / habitually sin according to 1 Jn 1:8, 10 - leaving only the Son of God Who qualifies. Hence 1 Jn 3:9a is best rendered what it says: "does not sin," correctly indicating no commission of sins at all! Notice that a brother, a child of God, born of God is viewed in 1 Jn 5:16 as sinning a sin not unto death and also may be sinning a sin that may lead to premature physical death, evidently an ongoing activity. But nevertheless he is a brother - a child of God, born of God, secure in his possession of eternal life, (1 Jn 5:9-13).

Furthermore, the phrase in 1 Jn 3:9c rendered "and He cannot sin," confirms the absolutely sinless perfection of the One born of God in view in 1 Jn 3:8-9. He does not sin because He cannot sin! Note that according to the context in First John relative to the subject of children of God, born of God: they cannot claim at any time in their mortal lives that they cannot sin, nor to have no sin, nor to have not sinned, (1 Jn 1:8, 10); but instead they must use God's remedies for when they inevitably do sin which include walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, confession, etc., (1 Jn 1:7-2:2 ). Although individuals of flawed humanity can and have trusted in Jesus Christ for salvation unto eternal life and have become children of God, born of God, they nevertheless have retained their flawed human conditions until the time when Christ appears, (1 Jn 3:2), for their resurrection unto Perfect Humanity as Christ was born into.

Again, notice that a brother, a child of God, born of God is viewed in 1 Jn 5:16 as sinning a sin not unto early physical death and also may be sinning a sin that may lead to premature physical death; evidently it is an ongoing activity. But nevertheless he is a brother - a child of God, born of God, secure in his possession of eternal life, (1 Jn 5:9-13). Thus the interpretation that 1 Jn 3:9 and 5:18 have in view that a child of God, born of God does not sin, or does not practice / continue / habitually sin as some contend cannot be true otherwise there are innumerable contradictions throughout Scripture.

4) If Sinless Perfection On The Part Of The Child Of God, Born Of God - His Entirety / Both Sin And Born Of God Natures - Is In View In 1 Jn 3:9, Then There Would Not Be A Need For Much Of God's Word - Only Passages Which Lead Up To And Include Salvation. Thereafter Ones Becoming A Child Of God, Born Of God Would Be Perfect Without A Need To Exhort To Abide In Christ. But Such Cannot Be The Case, Unless Major Portions Of God's Word Are Misleading And Contradictory

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) "[Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God." =

If sinless perfection on the part of the child of God, born of God is in view in 1 Jn 3:9, then there would not be a need for much of God's Word - only passages which lead up to and include salvation. Thereafter the born of God experience, the child of God, born of God, would be perfect with no need for instruction / correction / forgiveness of temporal sins, etc. So all of the passages exhorting believers to grow in the Word and abide in the Righteousness of the Lord would be of no value - even in error. Although sinless perfection of the entire child of God is claimed by some to happen automatically at the spiritual birthing experience; all of the passages which admonish a child of God not to behave like the world, such as 1 Jn chapter 2 and Romans chapter 6, would then be misleading one to think that a true believer could practice sin. So if children of God, born of God do not and cannot sin, then all of these oft ignored passages must be expunged from God's Word - including most of the New Testament epistles.

But such is not the case, children of God, born of God do sin and must remedy that situation by what God has provided for when they do sin:

a) [Compare 1 Jn 1:7-2:2]:

(1 Jn 1:7 NASB) "But if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, [One = God, with another = with each of we believers walking in the light], and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin.

(1 Jn 1:8 NASB) If we [should] say that we have no sin, we [deceive] ourselves and the truth is not in us.

(1 Jn 1:9 NASB) If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

(1 Jn 1:10 NASB) If we [should] say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us.

(1 Jn 2:1 NASB) My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous;

(1 Jn 2:2 NASB) and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world."

5) The "Inner Man" - The "New Nature" Of The Child Of God, Born Of God, Albeit Without Sin, Is Not Singularly In View In 1 Jn 3:9. There Is No Change In Context To This Effect In Either Of These Verses Or Anywhere In First John. Hence The Only Interpretation Left Is That 1 Jn 3:9 Refers To The Son Of God In His Perfect Sinless Humanity, Who Does Not And Cannot Sin. The Message Of This Verse Is For The Child Of God, Born Of God To Emulate The Son Of God, Who Is Wholly Born Of God Without Sin

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) "[Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God." =

The "inner man," of those who have died to Christ, (Ro 6:8; 7:14-25); i.e., believers in Jesus Christ, (Ro 1:ff), is only a part of the child of God, born of God; that part which has been born of God - that part that singlarly wants to do good - never evil, that cannot sin, who keeps himself and the evil one cannot touch him. The inner man is also described by the apostle Paul as "the law of my mind." Yet the inner man is nevertheless only part of the child of God, born of God - the believer, who still has the flesh: sin / evil dwelling / ever present in the members of his body, as the apostle Paul wrote about in Romans chapter 7. Hence the born of God inner man cannot be singularly in view in 1 Jn 3:9 or 1 Jn 5:18 separated from the sin nature, the flesh of the child of God, born of God, because the verse begins with "Each One Who has been born of God," not 'the inner man who has been born of God.' Note that the subject "Each One Who has been born of God," of 1 Jn 3:9 and 5:18 is always referred to by pronouns rendered "Him, He, His, Who, etc. - the whole person and not "it" signifying a part of that person, such as that person's "inner man," or "sin nature.

Author John in his epistle has consistently referred to the whole child of God, born of God who has God's promise of eternal life, (1 Jn 2:25), as having the capacity to choose to sin or to choose to abide in Christ; and not just his new nature which cannot sin, as evidenced by 1 Jn 3:2:

a) [1 Jn 3:2]:

(1 Jn 3:2 NASB) "Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is."

Notice that children of God, born of God in this age have been the subject so far. And they are described as not yet like Him, with a Perfect Righteous Nature and without a sin nature: and "in Him [the Son of God] is no sin," (1 Jn 3:5b).

Since the context leading up to and including 1 Jn 3:9 never has in view only the "inner man" of the child of God, born of God; nor does it ever ignore the fleshly man of the child of God, born of God that still can and still does sin as indicated from the beginning of this epistle and throughout - hence the statement that the born of God, child of God cannot claim to be without sin, (1 Jn 1:8, 10); and the frequent warnings to him to not fall into sin, (cf. 1 Jn 2:1, 4, 11, 15-17, 23-24, 26-28; 3:4, 8); then 1 Jn 3:9, which begins with "[Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin" not 'The inner man which has been born of God," therefore cannot refer to children of God, born of God because it stipulates that the One born of God in the sense of the whole person - inner and carnal - does not and cannot sin. Hence the only interpretation left is that 1 Jn 3:9 refers to the Son of God in His Perfect sinless Humanity, Who does not and cannot sin.

6) 1 Jn 3:10a Does Not Refer Back To 1 Jn 3:9 To Conclude That Those Who Do Not Sin Are Children Of God, Born Of God. Otherwise With A Single Sin - A Continuance / A Practice Of Sin / An Habitual Sin Then An Individual Has Not Been Born Of God

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) [Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God. (1 Jn 3:10a YLT) In this [is made manifest] the children of God and the children of the devil." =

Note that 1 Jn 3:10a, "In this the children of God and the children of the devil are manifest," is contended by some to refer back to the context of 1 Jn 3:9 in order to conclude the section with a statement that those who do not sin are children of God, born of God; otherwise with a single sin - a continuance / a practice of sin / an habitual sin then an individual has not been born of God, but is a child of the devil destined for the Lake of Fire. If this is correct, (and it is not), then 1 Jn 3:10a stipulates whoever is born of God and whoever is not, is determined by observation of one's own or someone else's behavior:

¤ that which is absolutely sinless behavior proves out one who is born of God. (Some contend a continuation of sin, or a practice of sin, or habitual sin is in view. But all it takes is an occasional, even a single sin to become a continuation, a practice or an habitual sin).

¤ otherwise with a single sin an individual is not born of God, but a child of the devil destined for the Lake of Fire.

Since all mankind aside from Jesus Christ in His Humanity remains capable of sin, with finite, flawed natures and mentalities, then no one is able to accurately discern who is sinless and who is not. Hence 1 Jn 3:9-10a cannot be a test to see if someone is saved, as there is nobody qualified in the human race to accurately perform or pass that test except Jesus Christ Himself Who is Wholly born of God. Furthermore if it is true that one becomes absolutely sinless as a result of becoming born of God, (and it is not), then no one as yet has become born of God except Jesus Christ Himself. So 1 Jn 3:10a is best understood as looking forward to a new section with 10b finishing the thought begun in 10a: "In this [is made manifest] the children of God and the children of the devil: [the one] who is not doing righteousness, is not of God, and he who is not loving his brother."

Therefore, 1 Jn 3:10a begins another section in First John. Note that the implication of 1 Jn 3:10 is therefore that a child of God, born of God is to abide in the Righteousness of the Son of God - in God's Word - a key message of 1 John:

a) [Compare 1 Jn 2:28-3:1]:

(1 Jn 2:28 NASB) "Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing].

(1 Jn 2:29 NASB) If you know that He is Righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him.

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB) [Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him."

7) [Conclusion Re: 1 Jn 3:9]:

Each One Of Those In View In 1 Jn 3:8, The Devil And The Son Of God, Who Has Been Born Of God Into Wholly Perfect Humanity Does Not Sin, Which Could Only Be The Son Of God, Jesus Christ, Excluding The Devil. For God's Seed - The Holy Spirit - Remains In Him - In Christ; And He Cannot Sin, Because He Has Been Wholly Born Of God

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) "[Each One Who] has been born of God does not sin, for His [God's] Seed remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God." =

So 1 Jn 3:9 must be understood as follows:

(1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) "Each One

[of those in view in the immediately preceeding context of verse 8: the devil and the Son of God]

Who has been born of God

[into Wholly Perfect Humanity without a sin nature which could only be the Son of God, excluding the devil]

does not sin, for His [God's] Seed [the Holy Spirit] remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God.

a) [Compare Mt 1:20-23]:

(Mt 1:20 NASB) "But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for the Child who has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.

(Mt 1:21 NASB) She will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.

(Mt 1:22 NASB) Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:

(Mt 1:23 NASB) 'Behold, the virgin shall be with child and shall bear a son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,' which translated means, 'God with us.'

Only a perfectly sinless Man Wholly born of God through the Holy Spirit Who is 'God with us' can be in view in 1 Jn 3:9. Hence 1 Jn 3:9 is not a test of salvation at all, but a statement of fact that Jesus Christ, the Son of God Who was born of God into Perfect Humanity is the One for children of God, born of God to follow and abide in His Righteousness and not the evil of the devil who has sinned from the beginning. Hence abiding in the One Who has been born of God is the message of 1 Jn 2:28-3:9.

II) [1 Jn 3:10-24]:

(1 Jn 3:10 YLT) "In this [is made manifest] the children of God and the children of the devil: [the one] who is not doing righteousness, is not of God, and he who is not loving his brother,

(1 Jn 3:11 NASB) For this is the message which you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another;

(1 Jn 3:12 NASB) not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his deeds were evil, and his brother's were righteous.

(1 Jn 3:13 NASB) Do not be surprised, brethren, if the world hates you.

(1 Jn 3:14 NASB) We [have known] that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love abides in death.

(1 Jn 3:15 NASB) Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

(1 Jn 3:16 YLT) in this we have known the love [of the Son of God], because He for us His life did lay down, and we ought for the brethren [our] lives to lay down;

(1 Jn 3:17 NASB) But whoever has the world's goods, and sees his brother in need and closes his heart against him, how does the love of God abide in him?

(1 Jn 3:18 NASB) [My] Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth.

(1 Jn 3:19 NASB) [And by this] we will know that we are of the truth, And [we] will [convince] our hearts before Him [God] [that we are of the truth, (ref. 1 Jn 3:19a)]

(1 Jn 3:20 YLT) because if our [hearts] may condemn [us] - ... greater is God than our [hearts], [for] He [knows] all things.

(1 Jn 3:21 YLT) Beloved, if our [hearts] may not condemn us, we have boldness toward God,

(1 Jn 3:22 NASB) and whatever we ask we receive from Him, because we keep His commandments and do the things that are pleasing in His sight.

(1 Jn 3:23 NASB) [And] this is His commandment, that we [may] believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as He commanded us.

(1 Jn 3:24 NASB) [And] the one who keeps His commandments abides in Him, and He in him. We know by this that He abides in us, [out of] the Spirit Whom He [gave] us."

A) (1 Jn 3:10) IN THIS THE CHILDREN OF GOD AND THE CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL ARE MANIFEST: THE POTENTIAL ACTIONS OF CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD ARE IN VIEW. IF THEY ARE NOT DOING RIGHTEOUSNESS AND NOT LOVING THEIR BROTHER, THEN THEIR ACTIONS ARE NOT OF GOD BUT ARE CHARACTERIZED AS ACTING AS CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL

THE WORD RENDERED, "BROTHER," IMPLIES THAT CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD ARE IN VIEW. ONE OF THE KEY ACTIONS WHICH A CHILD OF GOD MANIFESTS OF DOING RIGHTEOUSNESS IS BEHAVIOR WHICH IS CHARACTERIZED AS A CHILD OF GOD "LOVING HIS BROTHER."

(1 Jn 3:8 NKJV) "He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned [lit., sins] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil. (1 Jn 3:9 NKJV) [Each One Who] has been born of God [referring to the subject of the previous verse: the Son of God Who has been born of God, (Mt 1:20-23)] does not sin, for His [God's] Seed [the Holy Spirit, (Mt 1:20-23)] remains in Him; and He cannot sin, because He has been born of God, [Mt 1:20-23]. (1 Jn 3:10 NKJV) In this the children of God and the children of the devil are manifest: Whoever [is not doing] righteousness is not of God, nor is he who does not love his brother." =

Note that 1 Jn 3:10a, "In this the children of God and the children of the devil are manifest," is contended by some to refer back to the context of 1 Jn 3:9 to end this section of First John. If this is correct, then 1 Jn 3:10a stipulates whoever is born of God and whoever is not, is determined by observation of ones behavior:

¤ that which is absolutely sinless behavior proves out one who is born of God. (Some contend a continuation of sin, or a practice of sin, or habitual sin is in view, but all it takes is one single sin to become a continuation, a practice or habitual).

¤ otherwise with a single sin an individual is not born of God.

Since all mankind aside from Jesus Christ in His Humanity remains capable of sin, with finite, flawed natures and mentalities, then no one is able to accurately discern who is sinless and who is not. Hence 1 Jn 3:9-10a cannot be a test to see if someone is saved, as there is nobody qualified in the human race to accurately perform or pass that test except Jesus Christ Himself Who is Wholly born of God. Furthermore if it is true that one becomes absolutely sinless as a result of becoming born of God, (and it is not), then no one as yet has become born of God except Jesus Christ Himself. So 1 Jn 3:10a is best understood as looking forward to a new section with 10b finishing the thought begun in 10a: "In this [is made manifest] the children of God and the children of the devil: [the one] who is not doing righteousness, is not of God, and he who is not loving his brother."

So in the light of 1 Jn 3:8, "He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned [lit., sins] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil," which has in view children of God, born of God while they commit sin being characterized as "of the devil," 1 Jn 3:10 repeats this message in another way: when children of God, born of God are not doing righteousness, nor loving their brother, (meaning fellow children of God, born of God, i.e., believers): they are characterized in their behavior / experience, as "children of the devil," and "not of God." Note that the Greek phrases in 1 Jn 3:10b rendered "is not doing righteousness" and "is not loving his brother" cannot be concluded to say 'if a person fails to continually do what is righteous' or 'if he fails to habitually love his brother,' as some contend, because both phrases are in the present tense with neither the appropriate progressive present context nor the required qualifying words to indicate "continually" or "habitually," . One key example that is notable when a child of God, born of God is not doing righteousness is stipulated in 1 Jn 3:10 as that of not loving his brother. The Greek phrase "estin ek tou Theou" is accurately rendered, "not of God," in the sense of not characteristic of godly behavior as opposed to "not born of God," as some contend. For the word rendered, "brother," implies that children of God, born of God are in view in 1 Jn 10, (cf. 1 Jn 2:9-11).

So the phrases "the children of God" and "the children of the devil" in 1 Jn 3:10a have in view a characterization of the potential behavior - the temporal experience of the child of God, born of God; and not his eternal status before God. So 1 Jn 3:9-10 cannot be used to accurately define whether or not an individual has trusted in Jesus Christ for eternal life or not, because those that have become children of God, born of God, can nevertheless commit sinful acts, (1 Jn 1:8, 10); and thereby they can act like children of the devil without distinction from the way those who are not born of God can behave. For sin is always, and only, a work of the devil and all sin finds it source in this adversary of God - even sins committed by children of God, born of God.

Since no one is able to accurately discern whether or not one is born of God through observation of their own or another's behavior, except God alone; then this cannot be a human test to see if another person is perfectly sinless, hence born of God. The only actual test of a person's salvation that author John and Scripture provides is the test of whether or not an individual expressed and recalls that expression of a moment of faith alone in Christ alone unto eternal life - albeit an imperfect self-test of the child of God, born of God, (1 Jn 5:1, 9-13 ).

So 1 Jn 3:9 which some contend is concluded by 1 Jn 3:10a cannot be a test at all, but a statement of fact that Jesus Christ, the Son of God Who was born of God into Perfect Humanity is the One for children of God, born of God to follow and abide in His Righteousness and not the evil of the devil who has sinned from the beginning. Therefore, 1 Jn 3:10a begins another section in First John. Note that the implication of 1 Jn 3:10 is therefore that a child of God, born of God is to abide in the Righteousness of the Son of God - in God's Word - a key message of 1 John:

1) [Compare 1 Jn 2:28-3:1]:

(1 Jn 2:28 NASB) "Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have [bold assurance] and not shrink away from Him in shame at His [appearing].

(1 Jn 2:29 NASB) If you know that He is Righteous, you know that everyone also who [does acts of] righteousness is born of Him.

(1 Jn 3:1 NASB) [Behold!] how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and .such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him."

By abiding in Him [Jesus Christ], (ref 1 Jn 2:1ff), by continuing to know that He is Righteous, (cf. 1 Jn 1:5-10), - the Righteous One, (1 Jn 2:1); children of God, born of God can manifest themselves as children of God - to God in an absolute manner, "because the world does not know us [children of God, born of God], because it did not know Him, (ref. 1 Jn 3:1c)." For all mankind is flawed in its reasoning, unable to accurately discern what is righteous and what is not.

On the other hand, the children of God, born of God have finite, albeit imperfect capacities to discern righteous acts within themselves and others by virtue of the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit, (1 Jn 2:27), through human resources through the Word of God. But when children of God, born of God who are nevertheless flawed individuals, do not do righteous acts it does not prove that they are not born of God, just that they for those moments are not of God in their behavior / experience. God's promise to them of eternal life remains intact because it is the promise of God, (1 Jn 2:25).

B) (1 Jn 3:11-12) THIS IS THE MESSAGE WHICH THE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD HAVE HEARD FROM THE BEGINNING OF THEIR SALVATION: THAT THEY SHOULD LOVE ONE ANOTHER. NOT AS CAIN, WHO WAS OF THE EVIL ONE AND SLEW HIS BROTHER. AND FOR WHAT REASON DID HE SLAY HIM, BECAUSE HIS DEEDS WERE EVIL AND HIS BROTHER'S WERE RIGHTEOUS

(1 Jn 3:10) "In this the children of God and the children of the devil are manifest: Whoever [is not doing] righteousness is not of God, nor is he who does not love his brother; (1 Jn 3:11 NASB) For this is the message which you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another;

[Manuscript evidence for 1 Jn 3:11]

[TR WH NU have the word "aggelia" rendered "message" in most versions with the support of A, B, 049, 33, Maj. A variant reading, "Epaggalia" rendered "promise," is found in sinaiticus, C, P, cop, 323, 614, 630, 945, 1241, 1505, 1739. As is the case in the manuscript evidence for 1 Jn 1:5, nearly the same manuscripts exhibit the textual difference between the two words. It is possible that the two words were confused for each other because there is only a two-letter difference between them. However, "promise" hardly works in this context. What follows is not a promise but a command - a "message" to "Love one another."]

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(1 Jn 3:12 NASB) not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his deeds [Cain's] were evil, and his brother's were righteous.' =

The message in 1 Jn 3:10 to the child of God, born of God of his being capable of manifesting himself as a child of God, born of God by doing godly, agapE acts of righteousness as especially exemplified by expressing godly, agapE love for his brother - a fellow child of God, born of God is continued in verse 11 as a command which author John indicated that children of God have heard from the beginning of their salvation: that they should agapE love one another.

1) [Compare Jn 13:34-35]:

(Jn 13:34 NASB) "A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another, even as I have loved you, that you also love one another.

(Jn 13:35 NASB) By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another."

...................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:11).

But before telling his audience what it entailed to love one another, author John first told what it was not in verse 12:

Cain murdered his brother, (Gen 4:9), and in that action he was characterized as of "the evil one," either as an unbeliever or as a child of God - it is not specified in the context. The reason for this murder was Cain's jealous resentment of his brother's actions which were righteous before God, not evil as Cain's were.

2) [Compare Gen 4:2-9]:

(Gen 4:2 NASB) "Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, and she said, 'I have gotten a manchild with the help of the LORD.'

(Gen 4:3 NASB) Again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of flocks, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

(Gen 4:4 NASB) So it came about in the course of time that Cain brought an offering to the LORD of the fruit of the ground.

(Gen 4:5 NASB) Abel, on his part also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat portions. And the LORD had regard for Abel and for his offering;

(Gen 4:6 NASB) but for Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain became very angry and his countenance fell.

[The Hebrew word transliterated "shA'Ah" meaning "to look at," "to regard," never refers to just a casual glance but rather, an intentional gaze. God looked upon Abel and his offering, but not Cain and his offering (Gen. 4:4f)]

(Gen 4:7 NASB) Then the LORD said to Cain, 'Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen?

(Gen 4:8 NASB) If you do well, will not your countenance be lifted up? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.'

(Gen 4:9 NASB) Cain told Abel his brother. And it came about when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.' "

Cain was so angry he would not be talked out of his sin - even by God. But Cain "belonged to the evil one" (1 John 3:12). It is as if he could not wait to destroy his brother. Cain's response was of the evil one in that what he did was derived from the devil, (regardless of whether or not he was a child of God, born of God) - for the devil sinned from the beginning, (1 Jn 3:8); as opposed to a response of God in Whom is no sin, (1 Jn 3:5). Cain's evil was stirred by Abel's righteous acts before God all the more - to the point of murder.

****** EXCERPT FROM 1 JOHN CHAPTER TWO ******

(1 Jn 2:10-11) THE BELIEVER WHO LOVES HIS BROTHER WITH A GODLY, "AGAPE" LOVE ABIDES IN THE LIGHT OF GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS AND WHILE THIS IS SO, THERE IS NO CAUSE FOR STUMBLING IN HIM - NO CAUSE FOR HIM TO FALL INTO SIN NOR WALK IN DARKNESS / EVIL. BUT THE BELIEVER WHO HATES HIS BROTHER WALKS / LIVES IN THE DARKNESS - THE EVIL OF THIS PRESENT AGE. HE DOES NOT KNOW WHERE HE IS GOING BECAUSE THE DARKNESS CAUSED BY HIS HATRED HAS BLINDED HIS EYES. HIS IS A LIFE WITHOUT DIRECTION - A LIFE OUTSIDE OF ABIDING IN THE LIGHT OF THE ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD

(1 Jn 2:10 NASB) The one who loves his brother abides in the Light and there is no cause for stumbling in him. (1 Jn 2:11 NASB) But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes." =

On the other hand, in 1 Jn 2:10, John wrote, "The one who loves his brother" - with a godly, "agapE" love - "abides in the Light" - the Light of the Age to come which will be characterized by God's Absolute Righteousness - evidence of his abiding in a close personal fellowship with God so long as he demonstrates godly, "agapE" for his brother - fellow children of God, born of God. And the one who abides in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness is equally characterized as Righteous - a result of his confessing of his sins, of his obeying of God's commandments, etc. And while he demonstrates this godly, "agapE" love for his brother - while he is abiding in the Light, there continues in his life to be no cause for stumbling in the sense of being accountable for sinful activity and thereby be walking in darkness / sin.

This implies that hatred for another is a stumbling block causing the individual to walk in darkness / evil - ensnaring him further into sin and in the darkness of this present age - far and away from the Absolute Righteousness of God.

This is not to say that others can accurately judge the extent of another's fellowship with God or even his salvation on the basis of their own personal understanding of whether or not a person is demonstrating godly, "agapE" love toward others, as some falsely contend. For there is nobody qualified in the human race to accurately perform or pass that test except Jesus Christ Himself Who is Wholly born of God. Nevertheless, how an individual believer himself acts toward others is evidence to himself as to whether or not he is abiding in Christ, albeit imperfect.

Despite remaining in mankind's fallen condition, children of God, born of God may walk in fellowship with God by walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness - not according to it in sinless perfection; but in the sense of

(1) acknowledging that God is Perfect Light / Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7); and

(2) acknowledging their sinful shortcomings before a Holy God, (1 Jn 1:8-10);

and while they are walking in that Light they can know that they are righteous and discern righteous acts in others - not by what they feel such as by some kind of supernatural power taking control of them like an expression of an imagined spiritual gift, as some contend - but by trusting in what Scripture says about the matter: For Scripture says that the blood of Jesus, God's Son, cleanses each of them from the temporal sin they are acknowledging and from all unrighteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-10).

So whatever children of God, born of God do in the name of God while they walk in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness in accordance with that which they have properly learned from Scripture, albeitly imperfectly ., their deeds will be purified from all unrighteousness and be acceptable to God for eternal rewards at judgment . This is true when children of God, born of God endeavor to love their brothers and abide in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness.

................................................................................................................................ (1 Jn 2:10).

In 1 Jn 2:11, author John goes back to the potential dark side of a believer's life - to the believer who hates his brother, and by that has chosen to walk in darkness:

"But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes." The child of God, born of God who hates his brother is in the darkness, and walks in the darkness in evil. That is where he lives while he is hating his brother. He does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes. His life has become a search without spiritual direction toward righteousness. To live in darkness generated by hate is to make the Savior a stranger in ones experience on earth - Who is the only means by which an individual might be given true direction and a righteous purpose in his life. Though saved unto eternal life, such a believer has forfeited the vital, intimate knowledge of God until he stops hating his brother." ........................................................................................... (1 Jn 2:11).

****** END OF EXCERPT FROM 1 JOHN CHAPTER TWO ******

C) (1 Jn 3:13) AUTHOR JOHN WRITES, ''DO NOT BE SURPRISED, BRETHREN, IF THE WORLD HATES YOU" - REFERRING TO FELLOW CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD, AND IMPLYING THAT ABIDING IN GOD MEANS ANTAGONISM FROM THE WORLD. FOR THOSE WHO ARE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD IN THEIR POSITION WITH GOD, ARE NO LONGER OF THE WORLD, HENCE ARE BOUND TO RECEIVE HATRED FROM THE WORLD

[Manuscript Evidence for 1 Jn 3:13]:

[First word Greek "kai" rendered "And" in Sinaiticus, C(vid), P, Psi, 323, 945, 1241, 1739.

Not in A, B, byz, WE, HO; makes no real difference in the meaning of the verse.

The Greek word "mon" rendered "my" modifying "brethren" is represented in Sinaiticus, A, B, C, P, Lach, Treg, Alf, Word, Tisc, WE, HO, Weis, Sod, UBS.

Not in K, L, byz, sa, bo. Again its inclusion makes no real difference in the meaning of the verse. "Brethren" is implied as my brethren]

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(1 Jn 3:13 NASB) "Do not be surprised, brethren, if the world hates you." =

Author John addresses his readers as "brethren" in the sense of fellow children of God, born of God; and tells them not to be surprised if the world hates them. For abiding in God means antagonism from the world which is at enmity with God, (Jn 15:18-19). For those who are children of God, born of God in their position with God, are no longer of the world; hence are bound to receive hatred from the world.

2) [Compare Jn 15:18-19]:

(Jn 15:18 NASB) "If the world hates you, you know that it has hated Me before it hated you.

(Jn 15:19 NASB) If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, because of this the world hates you."

D) (1 Jn 3:14-15) CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD WHO EXPRESS LOVE FOR THE BRETHREN HAVE KNOWN THAT THEY HAVE PASSED OUT OF DEATH INTO LIFE BECAUSE THEY LOVE THE BRETHREN. THIS KNOWLEDGE CONVEYS TO CHILDREN OF GOD WHO LOVE THE BRETHREN THAT THEY ARE HAVING THE TEMPORAL EXPERIENCE OF HAVING PASSED FROM BEING SINFUL / DEAD - SEPARATED FROM FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD TO RIGHTEOUS / ALIVE IN FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD WHO IS ETERNAL LIFE. THIS IS ASSURANCE AND CORROBORATION TO THEMSELVES, ALBEIT IMPERFECT, OF HAVING RECEIVED POSSESSION OF ETERNAL LIFE AS AN ETERNAL DESTINY. THE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD WHILE THEY DO NOT DEMONSTRATE AGAPE, GODLY LOVE TOWARD THEIR BRETHREN ABIDE IN TEMPORAL DEATH. THEY HAVE SEPARATED THEMSELVES FROM TEMPORAL FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD; AND ARE CHARACTERIZED AS MURDERERS. NO MURDERER HAS ETERNAL LIFE ABIDING IN HIM IN THE SENSE OF EXPERIENCING IN TEMPORAL TIME THE ETERNAL LIFE OF A RIGHTEOUS GOD THROUGH FELLOWSHIP WITH HIM

(1 Jn 3:14 NASB) "We [have known] that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love abides in death."

[Manuscript evidence for 1 Jn 3:14]

[WH, NU, sinaiticus A, B, 33, 1739, it, cop(bo), have "the one not loving" TR, C, Psi, Maj have "the one not living the brother" which is redundant because "the brother" is implied.

P, 1505, syr have "the one not living his brother" also redundant because "his brother" is implied]

The manuscript evidence decidedly favors the wording in WH, NU. Both variants are scribal fillers, neither of which is necessary, because it is obvious from the context that John was speaking about brotherly love]

(1 Jn 3:15 NASB) Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him."

Manuscript evidence for 1 Jn 3:15

[Variant: "himself" says the same thing].

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(1 Jn 3:14a & b) "We [have known] that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren," =

The first part of 1 Jn 3:14, "We [have known] that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren," is an emphatic statement in the perfect tense - occuring from a past moment when they began loving the brethren with ongoing present results as they continue to express that agapE, godly love. This evidently refers first hand to author John and fellow apostles who, as opposed to those of the world who hate the children of God, born of God, (1 Jn 3:13), they themselves do love the brethren and as a result of this, "have known that they have passed out of death into life."

Since author and apostle John had already indicated in 1 Jn 3:11 that the apostles and his readers should love one another;

1) [Compare 1 Jn 3:11]:

(1 Jn 3:11 NASB) "For this is the message which you [author John's readers: children of God, born of God] have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another."

and since in 1 Jn 2:25 they all already have the promise of eternal life - as do the apostles;

2) [Compare 1 Jn 2:25]:

(1 Jn 2:25 NKJV) "And this is the promise that He has promised us - eternal life."

then 1 Jn 3:14 further applies to the apostles and John's readers as well - all children of God, born of God as a command for them to love the brethren resulting in having known experientially that they have passed out of death into life in their temporal lives.

The Greek verb form oidamen rendered "we have known" in 1 Jn 3:14a means to have known / have understood by personal experience from the time that the apostles and all children of God, born of God begin to express agapE, godly love for the brethren with ongoing present results as they continue to express that agapE, godly love. The idea is the attainment of a unique and personal experiential knowledge by the apostles and children of God, born of God while they are expressing agapE, godly love toward their brethren confirming the fact that they 'have passed from death to life' when they had their salvation experience of believing in Christ for eternal life. The underlying implication is that the phrase rendered "We [have known] that we have passed out of death into life" which occurs at the point of salvation (Jn 5:24), can be personally and experientially confirmed and known and appreciated through that expression of agapE, godly love for the brethren. Since John wants his readers to 'have fellowship' with the apostolic circle (cf. 1:3), it is obvious he wants them, fellow children of God, born of God, to share this same experiential knowledge confirming that they have "eternal life" which the apostles themselves possess:

¤ Since children of God, born of God have known from the beginning of their salvation unto eternal life that they have passed from death into life in the sense of already having possession of eternal life by virtue of their knowledge that they have believed in the Son of God to save them from their sins unto eternal life:

3) [Compare Jn 5:24]:

(Jn 5:24 NASB) "Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life."

4) [Compare 1 Jn 5:1, 9-13 ]:

(1 Jn 5:1 NASB) "Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and whoever loves the Father loves the child born of Him.

(1 Jn 5:9 NASB) If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater; for the testimony of God is this, that He has testified concerning His Son.

(1 Jn 5:10 NASB) The one who believes in the Son of God has the testimony in himself; the one who does not believe God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony that God has given concerning His Son.

(1 Jn 5:11 NASB) And the testimony is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son.

1 Jn 5:12 NASB) He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life.

(1 Jn 5:13 NASB) These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life."

¤ and since the first part of 1 Jn 3:14 has in view children of God, born of God while they are demonstrating agapE, godly love for the brethren - fellow children of God, born of God who are characterized thereby as having known that they "have passed out of death into life,"

¤ and since 1 Jn 2:10 stipulates that while a child of God, born of God agape loves his brother with a godly love he abides in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness and thus is purified from all unrighteousness so that there is no cause for stumbling in him, i.e., no sin is accountable to him;

5) [Compare 1 Jn 2:10]:

(1 Jn 2:10 NASB) "The one who loves his brother abides in the Light and there is no cause for stumbling in him."

¤ then the personal, experiential knowledge of the children of God, born of God confirming that they have passed out of death into life beginning from the time and continuing while they love the brethren in the first part of 1 Jn 3:14 conveys to them an ongoing temporal experience of knowing that they have passed from death to eternal life while they express agapE, godly love toward the brethren and thereby are being purified of all unrighteousness by God. Hence they have passed from being characterized in their temporal lives as sinful / dead - separated from fellowship with God to Righteous / alive in fellowship with Him Who is Eternal Life. This is personal, experiential assurance and corroboration to themselves, albeit imperfect, of having received possession of eternal life - passing from death to life - as an eternal destiny when they first believed, (cf. Jn 5:24).

Since the child of God, born of God can be and know that he is purified from all unrighteousness in his temporal life by what Scripture says:

» when he walks in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:7);

» when he confesses known sins, (1 Jn 1:9);

» when he keeps / abides in God's Word - His commandments, i.e., does righteousness, (1 Jn 2:5);

» when he expresses the hope of being like Christ when He appears, (1 Jn 3:2-3);

» when he expresses agapE, godly love for his brother, (1 Jn 2:10);

» when he abides in God's Light, (cf. 1 Jn 2:10)

then each one of these actions result in the child of God, born of God having and knowing that he has passed from the death of non-fellowship with God to the life of fellowship with Him Who is Eternal Life in his temporal life, (1 Jn 3:14a & b).

[Hodges, op. cit., pp. 157-159]:

"Perhaps the classic biblical use of the word 'know' in this sense [of knowing one has passed from death to eternal and life and temporal fellowship with God] is to be found in the declaration God made to Abraham after the patriarch showed himself willing to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice. On that occasion God said to him; '... now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me' (Gen 22:12). It goes without saying that God already knew this before Abraham did anything at all, but now God knows it as a manifested reality."

.......................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:14a-14b)

The opposite case is presented in 1 Jn 3:14c, as follows: "He who does not love abides in death." So each child of God, born of God while he does not demonstrate agapE, godly love toward his brother - a fellow child of God, born of God, is characterized as abiding in death. He is abiding in a dead temporal and spiritual realm which is outside of fellowship with God Who is Eternal Life and Absolute Righteousness; albeit he has and has been promised eternal life, (1 Jn 2:25 and can know it - 1 Jn 5:1, 9-13). But for the moment, he has lost touch with the temporal experience of God's life. Hence in his temporal experience, he neither abides in God nor in His Righteousness, nor in the life that God is: Eternal Life. There is nothing godly about the child of God, born of God while he is not expressing agapE, godly love toward his brother.

.......................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:14c).

1 Jn 3:15 further addresses the hateful child of God, born of God, "Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him." =

The hateful child of God is further characterized as a murderer in the sense of having a hateful desire for a brother to cease to be active and alive in this world. He wants 'to be rid' of his brother and would not really care if he did physically die. Hence the hateful child of God, born of God does not have eternal life abiding in him. This is again a temporal characterization which does not condemn the child of God to eternity in the Lake of Fire - since every child of God, born of God has the promise of God of eternal life, (ref. 1 Jn 2:25 and can know it, 1 Jn 5:1, 9-13). So the phrase "and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him,"cannot be saying that those children of God, born of God, secure in their eternal life while they demonstrate a hatred for their brethren, do not possess eternal life. The word "abiding" is the key word in the key phrase "abiding in him." The hateful child of God, born of God is not abiding / remaining in fellowship with God Who is the Source of Eternal Life.

This is not to say that others can accurately judge the extent of another's fellowship with God or even his salvation on the basis of their own personal understanding of whether or not a person is demonstrating godly, "agapE" love toward others, as some falsely contend. For there is nobody qualified in the human race to accurately perform or pass that test except Jesus Christ Himself Who is Wholly born of God. Nevertheless, how an individual believer himself acts toward others is evidence to himself as to whether or not he is abiding in Christ, albeit imperfect.

On the other hand, this implies that a faithful child of God, born of God can experience the Eternal Life of God while in this temporal life, which begins with walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:7); confessing known sins, (1 Jn 1:9); abiding in God's Word - His commandments, (1 Jn 2:5); expressing the hope of being like Christ when He appears, (1 Jn 3:2-3); demonstrating agapE, godly love of his brother, (1 Jn 2:10); whereupon he is purified from all unrighteousness and passes from the death of non-fellowship with God to the life of fellowship with Him Who is Eternal Life, (1 Jn 3:14a & b).

****** EXCERPTS FROM 1 JN CHAPTER TWO ******

(1 Jn 2:5) ... A CHILD OF GOD, BORN OF GOD, WHO MAY BE CAREFUL TO KEEP GOD'S WORD, TRULY IN HIM THE LOVE OF GOD [HAS] BEEN PERFECTED / MADE COMPLETE - IN THIS CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD MAY KNOW THAT IN GOD THEY ARE

(1 Jn 2:5 YLT)."and whoever may [be careful to] keep His Word, truly in him the love of God [has] been perfected; in this we know that in Him we are....."

The Greek phrase "hos d' an tErE autou ton logon," rendered "and whoever may keep His Word" in 1 Jn 2:5 results in knowing God beyond ones experience of salvation unto eternal life. Since the Greek word rendered "tErE" means to keep in the sense of carefully guarding and observing, then this phrase has in view one who carefully guards and observes God's commandments for a period of time, resulting in one being declared as follows: "truly in him the love of God [has] been perfected." In view is the love of God as demonstrated in children of God, born of God when / while they are keeping God's Word. The Greek word "agapE" rendered "love" in 1 Jn 2:5 refers to the godly, self-sacrificial, benevolent love children of God, born of God are commanded to express for one another.

(1 Jn 2:10-11) THE BELIEVER WHO LOVES HIS BROTHER WITH A GODLY, "AGAPE" LOVE ABIDES IN THE LIGHT OF GOD'S ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS AND WHILE THIS IS SO, THERE IS NO CAUSE FOR STUMBLING IN HIM - NO CAUSE FOR HIM TO FALL INTO SIN NOR WALK IN DARKNESS / EVIL. BUT THE BELIEVER WHO HATES HIS BROTHER WALKS / LIVES IN THE DARKNESS - THE EVIL OF THIS PRESENT AGE. HE DOES NOT KNOW WHERE HE IS GOING BECAUSE THE DARKNESS CAUSED BY HIS HATRED HAS BLINDED HIS EYES. HIS IS A LIFE WITHOUT DIRECTION - A LIFE OUTSIDE OF ABIDING IN THE LIGHT OF THE ABSOLUTE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD

(1 Jn 2:10 NASB) The one who loves his brother abides in the Light and there is no cause for stumbling in him. (1 Jn 2:11 NASB) But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes." =

On the other hand, in 1 Jn 2:10, John wrote, "The one who loves his brother" - with a godly, "agapE" love - "abides in the Light" - the Light of the Age to come which will be characterized by God's Absolute Righteousness - evidence of his abiding in a close personal fellowship with God so long as he demonstrates godly, "agapE" for his brother - fellow children of God, born of God. And the one who abides in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness is equally characterized as Righteous - a result of his confessing of his sins, of his obeying of God's commandments, etc. And while he demonstrates this godly, "agapE" love for his brother - while he is abiding in the Light, there continues in his life to be no cause for stumbling in the sense of being accountable for sinful activity and thereby be walking in darkness / sin.

This implies that hatred for another is a stumbling block causing the individual to walk in darkness / evil - ensnaring him further into sin and in the darkness of this present age - far and away from the Absolute Righteousness of God.

This is not to say that others can accurately judge the extent of another's fellowship with God or even his salvation on the basis of their own personal understanding of whether or not a person is demonstrating godly, "agapE" love toward others, as some falsely contend. For there is nobody qualified in the human race to accurately perform or pass that test except Jesus Christ Himself Who is Wholly born of God. Nevertheless, how an individual believer himself acts toward others is evidence to himself as to whether or not he is abiding in Christ, albeit imperfect.

Despite remaining in mankind's fallen condition, children of God, born of God may walk in fellowship with God by walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness - not according to it in sinless perfection; but in the sense of

(1) acknowledging that God is Perfect Light / Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7); and

(2) acknowledging their sinful shortcomings before a Holy God, (1 Jn 1:8-10);

and while they are walking in that Light they can know that they are righteous and discern righteous acts in others - not by what they feel such as by some kind of supernatural power taking control of them like an expression of an imagined spiritual gift, as some contend - but by trusting in what Scripture says about the matter: For Scripture says that the blood of Jesus, God's Son, cleanses each of them from the temporal sin they are acknowledging and from all unrighteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-10).

So whatever children of God, born of God do in the name of God while they walk in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness in accordance with that which they have properly learned from Scripture, albeitly imperfectly ., their deeds will be purified from all unrighteousness and be acceptable to God for eternal rewards at judgment . This is true when children of God, born of God endeavor to love their brothers and abide in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness.

................................................................................................................................ (1 Jn 2:10).

In 1 Jn 2:11, author John goes back to the potential dark side of a believer's life - to the believer who hates his brother, and by that has chosen to walk in darkness:

"But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes." The child of God, born of God who hates his brother is in the darkness, and walks in the darkness in evil. That is where he lives while he is hating his brother. He does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes. His life has become a search without spiritual direction toward righteousness. To live in darkness generated by hate is to make the Savior a stranger in ones experience on earth - Who is the only means by which an individual might be given true direction and a righteous purpose in his life. Though saved unto eternal life, such a believer has forfeited the vital, intimate knowledge of God until he stops hating his brother." ........................................................................................... (1 Jn 2:11).

****** END OF EXCERPTS FROM 1 JOHN CHAPTER TWO ******

.......................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:15)

E) (1 Jn 3:16) IN THIS WE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD HAVE KNOWN THE LOVE OF THE SON OF GOD FOR US FROM THE BEGINNING OF OUR SALVATION EXPERIENCE WHEN WE FIRST EXPRESSED OUR FAITH IN HIS LAYING DOWN HIS LIFE FOR US - FOR OUR SINS UNTO ETERNAL LIFE, DEMONSTRATING HIS GREAT LOVE FOR US. AND OUT OF THIS KNOWLEDGE OF HIS LOVE FOR US AND OUT OF LOVE FOR THE BRETHREN, WE OUGHT TO LAY DOWN OUR LIVES FOR THEM - IN ALL THINGS TEMPORAL

(1 Jn 3:16 YLT) "in this we have known the love [of the Son of God], because He for us His life did lay down, and we ought for the brethren [our] lives to lay down;" =

In this we children of God, born of God have known the love of the Son of God for us from the beginning of our salvation experience when we first expressed our faith in His laying down His life for us - for our sins unto eternal life, demonstrating His great love for us, (and not for us only but for the whole world, (ref. 1 Jn 2:2). And out of this knowledge we ought for the brethren - our fellow children of God, born of God to lay down our lives out of our love for them - in all things spiritual and temporal.

F) (1 Jn 3:17) THE CHILD OF GOD, BORN OF GOD WHO HAS MATERIAL POSSESSIONS AND SEES HIS BROTHER IN NEED AND CLOSES HIS HEART AGAINST HIM, THE QUESTION IS ASKED WITH THE ANSWER IN MIND: HOW DOES THE LOVE OF GOD ABIDE IN HIM?" THE ANSWER IS THAT IT DOES NOT

(1 Jn 3:17 NASB) "But whoever has the world's goods, and sees his brother in need and closes his heart against him, how does the love of God abide in him?" =

The Greek word "bion" in verse 17 literally refers to 'life' in the sense of its earthly and / or material goods. It is thus best rendered "goods," conveying the sense of sharing with others the material things which sustain life - a way of laying down 'our lives' [Greek: "psuchEn" in verse 16] for others. If what might keep me alive is given to a 'brother in need,' then I have acted in the spirit of self-sacrifice for which the Lord Jesus offered the model.

And the Greek word "splanchna" literally "bowels" in verse 17 refers to the area of the stomach and intestines (which were thought to be the seat of the feelings and emotions); hence it is best rendered "the heart."

So the child of God, born of God who has material possessions and sees his brother in need and closes his heart against him in the sense of not making provision for his brother's needs then the question is asked with the answer in mind: "How does the love of God abide in him?" The answer is that it does not.

G) (1 Jn 3:18-20) AUTHOR AND APOSTLE JOHN CONCLUDES THE TOPIC OF EXPRESSING AGAPE, GODLY LOVE TO THE BRETHREN: 'MY LITTLE CHILDREN, LET US NOT LOVE WITH WORD OR WITH TONGUE, BUT IN DEED AND TRUTH.' AND BY OUR EXPRESSIONS OF AGAPE, GODLY LOVE ALBEIT IMPERFECT - WE WILL KNOW THAT WE ARE OF THE TRUTH; AND [WE] WILL ASSURE / CONVINCE OUR HEARTS BEFORE GOD THAT WE ARE OF THE TRUTH. BUT IF OUR HEARTS CONDEMN US FOR NOT LOVING THE BRETHREN IN A GODLY MANNER, GOD IS GREATER THAN OUR HEARTS; AND BECAUSE HE KNOWS ALL THINGS, SO BY HIS GRACE HE WILL GRANT / CONFIRM TO US IN OUR HEARTS THAT OUR EXPRESSION OF AGAPE, GODLY LOVE ARE OF THE TRUTH

[Manuscript evidence for 1 Jn 3:18]:

["My little children" in Sinaiticus, A, B, C, P, Lach, Treg, Alf, Word, Tisc, WE, HO, Weis, Sod, UBS. Omitted in K, L, byz, sa, bo. If omitted, "My" is nevertheless implied]

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(1 Jn 3:18 NASB) "[My] Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth. (1 Jn 3:19a NASB) [And by this] we will know that we are of the truth, (1 Jn 3:19b NASB) And [we] will [convince] our hearts before Him [God] [that we are of the truth, (ref. 1 Jn 3:19a)] (1 Jn 3:20 NKJV) because if our [hearts] may condemn [us] - ... greater is God than our [hearts], [for] He [knows] all things." =

In 1 Jn 3:18, author and apostle John begins his conclusion of the subject of the children of God, born of God expressing true agapeE, godly love toward one another: "My little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth." He was saying that true agapE, godly love requires action in deed and truth - not lip service that lacks substance and truth, but an expression that conforms to the truths of God's Word wherein the child of God, born of God is abiding in God's Word, in His Absolute Righteousness in order to express that love - a love which is not self-centered but sacrificial and for the material and / or spiritual benefit of others . The perfect example of the agapE, self-sacrificial love of God is the atoning sacrifice for the sins of the whole world by the Son of God:

1) [1 Jn 2:1-2]:

(1 Jn 2:1 NASB) My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous;

(1 Jn 2:2 NASB) and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world."

...................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:18).

[Manuscript evidence of 1 Jn 3:19a]:

[WH, NU, Sinaiticus, A, B, C, 33, 1739 have "we will know [future tense] that we are of the truth"

Variant: TR, K, L, 049, Maj, it have "we know [present tense] that we are of the truth"

The present tense displays scribal assimilation to the present plural verb rendered "we know" used predominately in this epistle (2:3, 18; 3:24; 4:6, 13; 5:2). But John deviated from the present tense in this instance because he wanted to include a notion of future accountability, as well as ongoing accountability]

(1 Jn 3:19a NASB) "[And by this] we will know that we are of the truth," =

The first phrase of verse 19 of 1 John chapter 3 rendered "And by this we will know that we are of the truth" refers back to the exhortation of verse 18, "[My] Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth." So the expression of agapE, godly, self-sacrificial love toward the brethren in deed and in truth - and not just giving it lip service - is the means by which we children of God, born of God will know that we are of the truth in the sense of being born of God, children of God saved unto eternal life and in temporal fellowship with God, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin.

................................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:19a).

(1 Jn 3:19b NASB) "And [we] will [convince] our hearts before Him [God] [that we are of the truth, (ref. 1 Jn 3:19a)] (1 Jn 3:20 YLT) [because] if our [hearts] may condemn [us] - ... greater is God than our [hearts], and He [knows] all things." =

2) [1 Jn 3:19b-20 Interlinear]:

(1 Jn 3:19b Greek) ."kai .emprosthen autou peisomen ..........tas .kardias .hEmOn;

................................"and before .........Him .shall convince . the hearts ....our

(1 Jn 3:20 Greek) "hoti ........ean kataginOskE ............hEmOn hE .kardia,

............................."[because] .if .should condemn [us] .our ........the heart

hoti .......meizOn estin ho .Theos tEs ..........kardias hEmOn kai ..ginOskei panta."

because greater .is .....the .God ...than the .heart ....our ........and .knows ....all things."

First John 3:20 best reads as connected with the last phrase of 1 Jn 3:19 being read first as follows: "And [we] will [convince] our hearts before Him [God] [that we are of the truth, (ref. 1 Jn 3:19a)]. And [we] will assure our hearts before Him [God] because if our [hearts] may condemn [us] - greater is God than our [hearts], and He [knows] all things.

[Manuscript evidence for 1 Jn 3:20]:

A variant reading in Psi, it(tw), vg(mss), adds "not" before the word rendered "condemn," yielding the rendering "[That] if our hearts do not condemn us, God is greater than our [hearts] and knows all things." But author John takes up the negative side in the next verse. So making it negative here is redundant and takes on a punitive tone which is absent in John's Epistle.

According to the much better attested evidence, the believer can take consolation in God's graciousness - for that is how we are saved: by His grace, not on our own merits. The negative interpretation is that the believer should recognize that God, Who is greater than we, would echo any condemnation and do so in greater fashion - hence mete out greater punishment than the believer thinks is due him. The variant reading which could not be original because it is so poorly attested, emphasizes the negative. It indicates that God still knows everything about us, even if we are calloused to sin and choose to ignore it - assuming the worst in every believer, and going completely counter to John's tone which is especially loving and gentle, as indicated by his frequent endearments to his dear, little children. The negative moves away from author John's theme of encouragement and assurance of our salvation with a view to abiding in God's Word so as to be assured of eternal rewards. Hence the negative reading which assumes the negative in every believer's life with a warning that God knows everything so we won't be able to get away with anything and hence get our just punishment and condemnation, is against John's tone of assurance and grace. Furthermore, author John turns to the negative side in the very next verse]

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(1 Jn 3:19b NASB) "And [we] will [convince] our hearts before Him [God] [that we are of the truth, (ref. 1 Jn 3:19a)] (1 Jn 3:20 YLT) [because] if our [hearts] may condemn [us] - ... greater is God than our [hearts], and He [knows] all things," (cont.) =

So according to 1 Jn 3:18-19a: as a child of God, born of God expresses agapE, godly love for the brethren in deed and in truth, then 1 Jn 3:19b indicates that he will convince / assure his own heart / his mind before God that he is of the truth in the sense that he will be assured before and by the grace of God that his actions were indeed expressions of agapE, godly love, albeit imperfect, (cf. 1 Jn 1:8, 10). Whereupon 1 Jn 3:19b then leads directly into 1 Jn 3:20 covering the possibility that if because our [hearts] should condemn us in the sense of convince us that our efforts to express agapE, godly love are not that worthy of God, i.e., flawed and thereby condemned that it is nevertheless accepted by God because He is greater than our hearts and knows all things - and will purify us from all unrighteousness by his grace because we love the brethren, however imperfectly.

3) [Compare 1 Jn 3:14]:

(1 Jn 3:14 NASB) "We [have known] that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love abides in death."

........................................................................................................................... (1 Jn 3:19b-20).

H) (1 Jn 3:21-22) JOHN CONCLUDES TO HIS READERS ON THE SUBJECT OF KEEPING GOD'S COMMANDMENTS, ESPECIALLY THE ONE TO LOVE ONE ANOTHER: 'BELOVED CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD UNTO ETERNAL LIFE: IF IT IS TRUE THAT OUR HEARTS DO NOT CONDEMN US THEN WE HAVE BOLDNESS TOWARD GOD AND WHATEVER WE ASK WE RECEIVE FROM HIM BECAUSE WE ARE KEEPING HIS COMMANDMENTS AND DOING THE THINGS THAT ARE PLEASING IN HIS SIGHT ALBEIT IMPERFECTLY - WITHOUT PERFECT MOMENTS WITHOUT SIN, FOR BY THE GRACE OF GOD WE ARE PURIFIED FROM ALL UNRIGHTEOUSNESS

(1 Jn 3:21 YLT) "Beloved, if our [hearts] may not condemn us, we have boldness toward God,

(1 Jn 3:22 NASB) and whatever we ask we receive from Him, because we keep His commandments and do the things that are pleasing in His sight."

Author and apostle John addresses his readers affectionately with "Beloved," a term which within the context of First John identifies them as children of God, (1 Jn 2:1, 2:12-23; 2:18, 28; 3:1-2, 7, 10, 18); with sins forgiven, (1 Jn 2:12); having an anointing from the Holy One - the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, hence born of God, (1 Jn 2:12, 20, 27, 29); promised eternal life, hence born of God, (1 Jn 2:25); and who will be like the Son of God when He appears, hence born of God, (1 Jn 3:1-2). He then identifies himself with them as follows: "If our [hearts] may not condemn us, we have boldness toward God and whatever we ask we receive from Him, because we keep His commandments and do the things that are pleasing in His sight." The Greek word "ean" rendered "if" is followed by the Greek phrase "mE kataginOskeE" rendered "may not condemn us" which is in the subjunctive mood which indicates "If" - maybe it is and maybe it is not true that our hearts do not condemn us. If it is true, we have boldness toward God. So the children of God, born of God - John included - when their hearts do not condemn them with respect to keeping God's commandments, especially expressing agapE, godly love toward the brethren, then it is true that they have no sense of self-condemnation before God, (1 Jn 3:21). Hence according to the context of First John, they are walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness wherein they are in fellowship with Him, (1 Jn 1:5-10) - keeping His commandments and doing the things that are pleasing in His sight, (1 Jn 3:22b) - all as a result of the grace of God purifying the imperfect actions of the children of God, born of God as they make their efforts to be faithful. And because they are in fellowship with God by keeping His commandments - doing His will, they have boldness toward God. Hence whatever they pray and ask God for, they will receive because their prayers will be in accordance with the will of God, (1 Jn 3:22a).

I) (1 Jn 3:23) AND THIS IS HIS [GOD'S] COMMANDMENT, THAT WE ARE TO CONTINUE TO BELIEVE IN THE NAME OF - IN THE SOVEREIGNTY OF - GOD'S SON JESUS CHRIST WHO COMMANDED US TO LOVE ONE ANOTHER

(1 Jn 3:23 NASB) "[And] this is His commandment, that we [may] believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as He commanded us."

1) (1 Jn 3:23 Interlinear)

"Kai ahutE estin hE .entolE ...............autou, hina pisteuOmen .........tO ......onomati

"And this ...is ......the commandment His, .....that we should believe on the name

tou ....Uhiou .autou IEsou Christou, kai .agapOmen .allElous,

of the Son ....His .....Jesus .Christ, ....and should love one another,

kathOs edOken entolEn .............hEmin."

even as He gave commandment to us."

The Greek phrase "hina pisteuOmen tO onomati tou Uhiou autou IEsou Christou" rendered "that we should believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ" is a present tense tense action indicating an ongoing action of believing in the name of the Son of God, Jesus Christ which is connected to the phrase "kai agapOmen allElous kathOs edOken entolEn hEmin" rendered "and we should love one another, even as He gave commandment to us" with a present tense action in view - an ongoing action of expressing agapE, godly love for one another.

[Manuscript evidence for 1 Jn 3:23]

[1 Jn 3:23a -

Sinaiticus, A, C, Psi, 0245, 33, 1739 have the present subjunctive "we should continue to believe," which denotes in this context, since believers are in view, (1 Jn 2:1-2, etc.) a continuance of that initial belief. The present subjunctive best fits the tone of John's epistle - one of encouragement of believers to continue in their faith.

Variant - TR, WH, NU, B, Maj. have the aorist subjunctive "we should believe" a punctilear, completed action moment of faith which presumes that John's readership have not yet believed unto eternal life! The aorist usually points to initial belief or to believe at a particular time (punctiliar).

1 Jn 3:23b - Sinaiticus, B, C, 33, 1739, Maj have "believe in the name of His Son, Jesus Christ." This was altered in a few witnesses (A, 1846, vg(mss) to "in His name, Jesus Christ"

1 Jn 3:23c - TR, WH, NU sinaiticus, A, B, C, Psi, 0245, 33, 1739, it, syr, cop have "as He gave us commandment."

But the variant occurs in 049, Maj: "as He gave commandment," evidently due to homoeoteleuton (re: same word endings)

The TR, WH, NU reading has excellent support, (sinaiticus, A, B, C, Psi, 0245, 33, 1739, it, syr, cop); and is followed by nearly all the English versions]

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(1 Jn 3:23 NASB) "[And] this is His commandment, that we [may] believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as He commanded us.' =

So 1 Jn 3:23 concludes the subject of the Son of God's command to children of God, born of God to abide in His Righteousness by keeping His commandments, (1 Jn 3:10-23). This is not a two part commandment, first to believe in the name of God's Son, Jesus Christ for eternal life, and then to love one another, as some contend - especially by invoking the lesser manuscript evidence of the aorist tense Greek "pisteusOmen" = that we should believe. But rather, this is a single commandment that we children of God, born of God who have already trusted in the Son of God for eternal life who are then to extend / continue that belief to acknowledge the name / the Authority and Sovereignty of God's Son Jesus Christ Who commands us to love one another. And by this obey His commandments especially the command to love one another.

2) [Compare Jn 13:34-35]:

(Jn 13:34 NASB) "A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another, even as I have loved you, that you also love one another.

(Jn 13:35 NASB) By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another."

J) (1 Jn 3:24) THE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD, WHO GUARDEDLY KEEP GOD'S COMMANDMENTS, ALBEIT IMPERFECTLY - WITHOUT PERFECT MOMENTS WITHOUT SIN, ABIDE IN GOD, AND HE IN THEM. THEY KNOW BY THIS THAT GOD ABIDES IN THEM BY, I.E., OUT OF THE SPIRIT WHOM HE GAVE THEM AS CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD

(1 Jn 3:24 NASB) "[And] the one who keeps His commandments abides in Him, and He in him. We know by this that He abides in us, [out of] the Spirit Whom He [gave] us." =

First John chapter two instructs the child of God, born of God relative to the subject of keeping His commandments:

****** EXCERPT FROM 1 JOHN CHAPTER TWO ******

(1 Jn 2:3) NOW BY THIS CHILDREN OF GOD KNOW THAT THEY HAVE KNOWN GOD IF THEY ARE CAREFUL TO KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS - NOT AS A MEANS TO GAIN / PROVE TO THEMSELVES OR TO OTHERS THAT THEY ARE SAVED UNTO ETERNAL LIFE, BUT TO ACQUIRE A CERTAIN KNOWLEDGE OF GOD IN A GREATER SENSE THAN WHEN THEY WERE FIRST SAVED

(1 Jn 2:3 NKJV) "Now by this we know that we [have known] Him, if we [are careful to] keep His commandments." =

Author and apostle John transitions from the subject of children of God, born of God having fellowship with God and with His Son Jesus Christ through walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness and confessing sins, (1 Jn 1:1-2:2), to their knowing God / Jesus Christ in a more intimate sense beyond their salvation / fellowship experience, beginning at 1 Jn 2:3 with when they are careful to keep God's commandments.

(1 Jn 2:3 Interlinear) "kai ..en toutO ginOskomen hoti egnOkamen ......auton

....................................."And by this ....we know .......that we have known Him

ean tas .entolas ................autou tErOmen."

if ....the commandments His .....we [are careful to] keep."

The Greek verb "tErOmen" rendered "we are careful to keep" is used in this epistle six times with 'commandments' as its object (here and in verse 4; in 3:22-24; and 5:2-3); once with 'His word' as the object (verse 5); and in 5:18 with 'himself' as the object. The verb fundamentally means to be careful to keep, to watch over, to guard. To keep a commandment simply means to 'carry out a command.' But the Greek verb (tErOmen) carries an additional connotation of being 'observant' or 'careful' about keeping the commandments. The English 'to keep a commandment' does not suggest this additional idea found in the Greek. John is not thinking, therefore, about perfunctory performance of the commands of God, but rather about that attitude of obedience which is marked by being careful and concerned for, and attentive to God's will. We are to carefully keep His commands!

The YLT has "we have known Him." The NKJV, ASV, KJV have "we know that we know Him," and the NASB, HOLMAN, NIV have "we know that we have come to know Him." The Greek perfect tense verb, "ginOskomen" rendered "have known" in the YLT best fits the context of the verse, conveying a knowledge of God / Jesus Christ in a greater sense than when they were saved occurring when they became careful to keep God's commandments - and continuing as they continued to be so carefully obedient. So the verse is best rendered "Now by this we know [present tense] that we [have known] [perfect tense] Him, [God] if we [are careful to] keep His commandments."

Note that the Greek verbs rendered "we know" and "we have known," "ginOskomen" and "egnOkamen" respectively are from the infinitive "ginOskO," which means to know. This verb is used interchangeably with "epiginOskO" which can have the same meaning in the particular context that it appears without regard to which verb is chosen by the writer to use. Some falsely contend that "epiginOskO" has a specialized meaning in Scripture to convey a special knowledge of God, but the verb "ginOskO" does that in 1 Jn chapter 2 as well. The two verb forms are synonymous as every koine Greek dictionary indicates.

Since 1 Jn 2:3 has in view children of God, born of God who are already saved unto eternal life and who have known God at those times when they are careful to keep God's commandments; and since salvation unto eternal life is received only by a moment of faith alone in Jesus Christ alone for it wherein the one believing in Him may know Christ as ones Savior, (1 Jn 5:1, 9-13 .Jn 3:15-18); then 1 Jn 2:3 does not have in view what an individual must do and/or know in order to acquire / keep eternal life.

So 1 Jn 2:3 has in view a child of God, born of God having a certain knowledge of God commensurate with the manner in which he is carefully keeping God's commandments beyond the saving knowledge he receives when he believed in the Son of God, Jesus Christ for eternal life. It is a measure of an already saved believer's spiritual maturity, (cf. Jn 14:15; 15:10; 1 Jn 3:22, 24). Further details of this greater knowledge of God depend specifically upon the circumstances in the mortal life of each child of God, born of God - a measure of the extent to which he is careful to keep God's commandments.

The phrase rendered "if we [are careful to] keep His commandments" cannot be conveying an absolute sense of leading a sinless life of absolutely perfect righteousness. This would contradict Scripture, (ref. 1 Jn 1:8, 10; 2:1). It is conveying the sense of a believer living in a remarkably consistent pattern of remaining in fellowship with and growing in the knowledge of God by walking in the Light of His Absolute Righteousness, constantly confessing his sins to God, diligently studying and being careful to keep God's commandments, etc.

Despite remaining in mankind's fallen condition, children of God, born of God may walk in fellowship with God by walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness - not according to it in sinless perfection; but in the sense of

(1) acknowledging that God is Perfect Light / Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7); and

(2) acknowledging their sinful shortcomings before a Holy God, (1 Jn 1:8-10);

and while they are walking in that Light they can know that they are righteous and discern righteous acts in others - not by what they feel such as by some kind of supernatural power taking control of them like an expression of an imagined spiritual gift, as some contend - but by trusting in what Scripture says about the matter: For Scripture says that the blood of Jesus, God's Son, cleanses each of them from the temporal sin they are acknowledging and from all unrighteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-10).

So whatever children of God, born of God do in the name of God while they walk in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness in accordance with that which they have properly learned from Scripture, albeitly imperfectly ., their deeds will be purified from all unrighteousness and be acceptable to God for eternal rewards at judgment . This is true when children of God, born of God endeavor to do the following:

» study / abide in God's Word - be careful to keep His commandments, and thereby abide in God / Jesus Christ - hence walk in the same manner as Jesus Christ by the grace of God, (1 Jn 2:3-14, 24; 3:2-3, 24, 27; Jn 14:23);

» determine what to say to others from Scripture, (1 Jn 2:14, 24);

» care for the unsaved and share their faith with them with an agapE, godly love, (1 Jn 2:24; Mt 28:19-20);

» express agapE, godly love toward the brethren and thereby affirm to themselves that by the grace of God they know God and are born of God and that they know that God's love is perfected / made complete in them, (1 Jn 2:10; 3:14, 18-19; 4:7-12; 5:9-13);

» confess their sins while walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-10);

» be assured because they are children of God, born of God that their sins are forgiven unto eternal life and unto temporal fellowship with God, (1 Jn 1:9, 2:12; 5:9-13);

» look forward to Christ's appearing and thereby be assured of their eternal destiny, (1 Jn 2:28; 3:2);

» not love the world or the things in it, (1 Jn 2:15);

» know that they are children of God, born of God unto eternal life because the world hates them like it hated Christ - implying that they are endeavoring to abide in God - in His Word, (1 Jn 3:13);

» confess the Father and the Son - acknowledging truths from Scripture about them, and especially the Son having come in the flesh, (1 Jn 2:23);

» know that God is Light - that He is Absolute Righteousness; and in Him there is no darkness, no unrighteousness at all, (1 Jn 1:5-7; 2:29; 3:5);

» know that they are children of God, born of God because they have the sure hope of eternal life fixed upon the Son of God, (1 Jn 2:28; 3:2-3; 5:9-13);

» test the spirits through Scripture to determine if they are from God, (1 Jn 4:1-6); etc.

Furthermore, in addition to self-examination to determine if they are abiding in God's love, children of God, born of God while they walk in God's Light can know what is of God and what is not relative to what they observe others say and do, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin. Such tests presume that a child of God, born of God is walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, expressing agapE, godly love for others, and has properly learned from Scripture in order to make a godly judgment on the matters in view in these tests. And this is conditioned upon the accuracy of what they think another is saying and doing. Appearances due to the lack of the knowledge of details behind what is observed can be deceiving. And children of God, born of God neither have God's Absolute Knowledge of another's eternal and temporal position with Him, nor what God knows about another's understanding, motivation and faith. And this is further limited by what the child of God, born of God has as an accurate understanding of what Scripture teaches on the matter at hand - in accordance with their faithfulness in following the rules by which the words of God's Word were composed .

Nevertheless, there are a number of indicators as to whether or not one is a child of God, born of God on the path of abiding in God, i.e., toward a more intimate fellowship with God such as:

« persistent, daily study of Scripture in accordance with the order in which each book of God's Word was inspired by the Holy Spirit to be written without skipping any parts - hence no cherry picking of verses from all over the Bible without regard for context instead of thoroughly analyzing each passage to verify the context from the beginning of the Book it is contained in, in the order it was written - all of which must be in accordance with the normative rules of language, context and logic which were evidently used to compose the Bible .- [1 Jn 2:3-14, 24; Jn 14:23].

« persistent, daily sharing of what one has learned and confirmed in ones study of Scripture with others via a vigorous contending of each point with accurate citations, and quotes from a reliable version of God's Word; but with a willingness to allow oneself to be proved wrong by carefully listening to what others have to say, verifying / refuting each point made from Scripture - all of which must be in accordance with the normative rules of language, context and logic which were evidently used to compose the Bible .- [1 Jn 2:3-14, 24; 3:2-3, 24, 27; Jn 14:23].

« persistent, daily review of what one has learned and shared with others, to make sure it accurately follows Scripture - all of which must be in accordance with the normative rules of language, context and logic which were evidently used to compose the Bible .- [ref. 1 Jn 2:3-14, 24; 3:2-3, 24, 27; Jn 14:23].

« persistent, daily concern - an agape, godly love for the eternal destiny of others characterized by a reluctance to turn away from them even despite rejection - always looking for ways to communicate with them from Scripture in a manner which will get them to seek what it says in the Bible and to seek salvation / fellowship with God - all of which must be in accordance with the normative rules of language, context and logic which were evidently used to compose the Bible , [ref. 1 Jn 2:10; 3:14, 18-19; 4:7-12].

« persistently resolving apparent contradictions within ones own mind about the Bible by rigorously applying the normative rules of language, context and logic .leading to corrections and affirmations of the conclusions one has arrived at. Hence accurate non-contradictory observations of what Scripture is saying are consistently arrived at when the rules are faithfully applied. This testifies to the inerrancy / non-contradictory nature of God's Word when interpreted faithfully via the rules by which it was penned. And thereby it will constantly be affirmed that all conclusions are in perfect harmony with one another and fit one another without contradiction - hence God actually did inspire Scripture, [ref. abiding in God's Word, (ref. 1 Jn 2:3-14, 24; 3:2-3, 24, 27; Jn 14:23].

And God has indeed communicated His Word in a perfect manner utilizing normative rules of language. For whenever the normative rules are strictly adhered to, what results is a 'single line' of interpretation with no contradiction, no confusion and perfect consistency throughout every book of the bible, corroborating that it is God's Word!

« persistently not willing to compromise if compromise means going against what one has learned from God's Word; and willing to be alone / persecuted - all of which must be in accordance with the normative rules of language, context and logic which were evidently used to compose the Bible ., [ref. 1 Jn 3:13];

« living every day with a view to eternity more than temporal matters as a result of ones assurance of ones eternal destiny - all of which must be in accordance with the normative rules of language, context and logic which were evidently used to compose the Bible ., [ref. 1 Jn 2:12, 28; 3:2-3, 13].

****** END OF EXCERPTS FROM 1 JOHN CHAPTER TWO ******

(J cont.) (1 Jn 3:24 cont.) THE CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD, WHO GUARDEDLY KEEP GOD'S COMMANDMENTS, ALBEIT IMPERFECTLY - WITHOUT PERFECT MOMENTS WITHOUT SIN, ABIDE IN GOD, AND HE IN THEM. THEY KNOW BY THIS THAT GOD ABIDES IN THEM BY, I.E., OUT OF THE SPIRIT WHOM HE GAVE THEM AS CHILDREN OF GOD, BORN OF GOD, (cont.).

(1 Jn 3:24 NASB cont.) "[And] the one who keeps His commandments abides in Him, and He in him. We know by this that He abides in us, [out of] the Spirit Whom He [gave] us." =

Children of God, born of God who keep His commandments, albeit imperfectly - without perfect moments without sin, will abide in Him, and He in them. They abide in His Word and know that He [God the Holy Spirit] abides in them - [out of] the Spirit Whom He [Jesus Christ] gave them.

This implies that the Holy Spirit operates within the life of the child of God, born of God such as prompting him:

» to study / abide in God's Word, (1 Jn 2:14, 27);

» of what to say to others from Scripture, (1 Jn 2:14);

» to share his faith with others, (Mt 28:19-20);

» to express agapE love toward the brethren, (1 Jn 2:10; 3:14, 18-19);

» to confess his sins while walking in the Light of God's Absolute Righteousness, (1 Jn 1:5-7, 9);

» to be assured that his sins are forgiven, (1 Jn 1:9, 2:12);

» to look forward to Christ's appearing and thereby to be assured of his eternal destiny, (1 Jn 2:28; 3:2)

» to keep God's commandments, (1 Jn 2:3, 2:25; 3:2-3, 24);

» to walk in the same manner that Christ walked, (1 Jn 2:6);

» to not love the world or the things in it, (1 Jn 2:15);

» to know that they are born of God unto eternal life because the world hates them like it hated Christ, (1 Jn 3:13);

» to confess the Father and the Son, especially that the Son having come in the flesh, (1 Jn 2:23);

» to know that God is Light - perfect Righteousness; and in Him there is no darkness, no unrighteousness at all, (1 Jn 1:5-7; 2:29; 3:5);

» to know that he is a child of God, born of God, (1 Jn 3:1-3); etc.

The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures by Dallas Seminary Faculty.

"3:24. Two new themes appear in this verse. The first theme is the epistle's first reference to God, or Christ, abiding in each obedient believer. Those who obey His commands (cf. 2:3; 3:23; 5:2-3) live (menei, "abide") in Him, and He in them. That the abiding life involves this mutuality is made plain in the Parable of the Vine and the Branches (John 15:4-5, 7). The second new idea is the epistle's first of six explicit references to the Holy Spirit (cf. 1 John 4:2, 6, 13; 5:6, 8; cf. "the Holy One" in 2:20). The way a believer can verify that God lives (menei, "abides") in him is by the operation of God's Spirit in his life. John then showed that God's Spirit is the Spirit of both faith (4:1-6) and love (4:7-16)—the two aspects of the two-part "command" given in 3:23."

1 JN CHAPTER FOUR