TABERNACLE:Dwelling Place Of God

Study 1

(Ex. 25-39)

1. Review of Exodus events: Chapters: 1. Bondage. 2. Deliver enters. 3-4. Moses called by God. 5-10. Contest With Pharaoh. 11-12 Passover and Exodus begins.

13-15 Journey from Egypt.

16-17. Bread and Water provided.

18.Administration Problems.

19-20 The Law Given.

21-22 Additional Laws given.

23-24 Laws, Feasts, and Worship. How did they worship prior to the Tabernacle?

2. An assumption is made that the tabernacle symbolizes Jesus. The exterior parts of the tabernacle representing the flesh with the interior being fulfilled by the nature of Christ (internal, spiritual). Why is this true or not true? See Heb. 8:1-2. Heb. 9:1-6, 11, 21-23 (note that many places in NT use events of OT to symbolize something in NT: Heb. 7:15; 8:5).

3. (Ex. 35:21) How may this event be exhibiting the tabernacle as both a very functional facility and as a meeting place between God and men?

4. (Ex. 34:9; 33:5) Why would it be a dangerous thing to have a Holy God in close

proximity? How would the tabernacle solve that? What two provisions are given?

5. (Exodus 25:8) Who is to make this sanctuary? According to verse 2, what attitudes

did God want each person to have in giving? Compare this will the strictness of

the law. Can true worship of God be commanded or ordered?

  1. If you were to design a dwelling place for God, what materials would seem fitting to use? Metals, Cloth, Leather, Woods, Lighting, Stones…. V. 3-7 Consider that it must also be portable.
  2. (Ex. 28: 36; 30:21; 30:37-38; Lev. 10:1) What does the tabernacle testified of the

character of God?

3.(Ex. 36:13 & 18) The tabernacle was composed of various elements, but what is shown by the way each item is connected and fits together?

4.What may be said of the tabernacle as a work of art? Consider architecture, stones &

timbers.

5.(Ex. 30:8, 16, 21, 31) How long was the tabernacle built to last?

6. (Ex. 25:9; 35:1,4,10) Where did the pattern for the tabernacle come from? What did God express as His desire and purpose for this sanctuary? Was that a new desire on the part of God?

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7.How did God exhibit His desire to be with man during different ears? Adam? Abraham? Joseph? Moses? Tabernacle? Temple? Christ? Believers now? Future?

13. (John 1:13-14) The Word, referring to Christ and that He is God (v. 1), now takes up a new dwelling (literally tabernacled) place that is also among men. How is this new dwelling described?

14. (Heb. 2:14) What further details are given concerning Christ’s earthly tabernacle?

Acts 7:48:

I Cor. 3:16-17:

I Cor. 6:19-20:

Rom. 8:9:

Eph. 2:19-22:

15. (I Tim. 3:14-15) Based on God’s indwelling, what manner of life should we be

careful to live?

16. (Heb. 2:16-18) Moving from the more external (physical, flesh) construction (materials) of the dwelling, to the internal, what more are we told?

TABERNACLE:Dwelling Place Of God

Study 1: ANSWER KEY

(Ex. 25-39)

1. Review of Exodus events: Chapters: 1. Bondage. 2. Deliver enters. 3-4. Moses

called by God. 5-10. Contest With Pharaoh. 11-12 Passover and Exodus begins.

13-15 Journey from Egypt. 16-17. Bread and Water provided. 18.Administration

Problems. 19-20 The Law Given. 21-22 Additional Laws given. 23-24 Laws,

Feasts, and Worship. How did they worship prior to the Tabernacle?

2. An assumption is made that the tabernacle symbolizes Jesus. The exterior parts of the tabernacle representing the flesh with the interior being fulfilled by the nature of Christ (internal, spiritual). Why is this true or not true? See Heb. 8:1-2. Heb. 9:1-6, 11, 21-23 (note that many places in NT use events of OT to symbolize something in NT: Heb. 7:15; 8:5). Some of these refer to items of the tabernacle.

Although most evangelicals would readily acknowledge the importance of the

tabernacle, throughout the history of the church there has been little agreement

concerning its interpretation.

Probably the most likely would be that it is the dwelling place of God, thus has a symbolic representation within the church and future dwelling places of God. See II Cor. 5:1 where our physical bodies are the tabernacle of God now.

Already in the Hellenistic period … the attempt had been made to understand the function of the Old Testament tabernacle as basically a symbolic one. It is immediately apparent from the biblical language why this interpretation seemed a natural one. First, the dimension of the tabernacle and all its parts reflect a carefully contrived design and a harmonious whole. The numbers 3, 4, 10 predominate with

proportionate cubes and rectangles. The various parts—the separate dwelling place, the tent, and the court—are all in exact numerical relation. The use of metals—gold, silver, and copper—are carefully graded in terms of their proximity to the Holy of Holies. In the same way, the particular colors appear to bear some inner relation to their function, whether the white, blue, or crimson. There is likewise a gradation in the quality of the cloth used. Finally, much stress is placed on the proper position and orientation, with the easterly direction receiving the place of honor.

For Philo the tabernacle was representation of the universe, the tent signifying the spiritual world, the court the material. Moreover, the four colors signified the four world elements, the lamp with its seven lights the seven planets and the twelve loaves of bread the twelve signs of the Zodiac and the twelve months of the year.

Several classic symbolic interpretations emerged which sought to deal with these factors. Maimonides saw the tabernacle and its cultus as a symbolic reflection of a royal palace whose servants sought to do honor to the king with the various rites (Guide III. 45-49). See Num. 1:51-52 where Gentiles have things must do.

Protestant orthodoxy, especially in the tradition of Cocceius, explained the tabernacle as a figurative representation of the kingdom of God in which the vocation of the church was fully realized. But perhaps the most exhaustive defense of a symbolic interpretation was that of Bahr, Symbolik (1837), who scrutinized every biblical figure even in the context of extra-biblical parallels to demonstrate a symbolic representation of God’s creation and revelation in the tabernacle”

Origen saw the tabernacle as pointing to the mysteries of Christ and his church. His moral analogies in terms of the virtues of Christian life—faith compared to gold, the preached word to silver, patience to bronze —were picked up and elaborated on at great length throughout the Middle Ages

The problem with attempts to interpret the tabernacle symbolically is that there have been no universally accepted guidelines or standards for assigning any kind of

spiritual correspondence between the parts of the tabernacle and some other

entity. Thus “spiritual” meanings have never been agreed upon by various interpreters.

The description of the tabernacle provides us with the first biblical revelation as to how God dwells among men, and what this requires or suggests for the church today, in which God dwells. See I Cor. 6:19-20

3. (Ex. 35:21) How may this event be exhibiting the tabernacle as both a very

functional facility and as a meeting place between God and men?

It was known as the “tent of meeting” Everyone came, all were willing.

See Heb. 10:25; Eph. 2:11-22; Eph. 2:18-19; 2:1-9

The Israelites could not all assemble in this tent. There were nearly 2 million

Israelites and this was but one small tent. It was known as the “tent of meeting”

In the sense that God met with representatives of the people, either Moses (Ex. 29:42) or the priests, and thus with the people (Ex. 29:43).

4. (Ex. 34:9; 33:5) Why would it be a dangerous thing to have a Holy God in close

proximity? How would the tabernacle solve that? What two provisions are given?

See Eph. 2:1-9

This was no small task, for having God in close proximity was a very dangerous thing. When Moses plead with God to dwell in the midst of His people (Exod. 34:9), God warned him that this could prove fatal to such a sinful people: “For the Lord had said to Moses, ‘Say to the sons of Israel, “You are an obstinate people; should I go up in your midst for one moment, I would destroy you”’” (Exod. 33:5a).

The tabernacle solved the problem of having a holy God dwell in the midst of a

sinful people. The solution includes two provisions. Portable structure.

(1.) The tent curtains, and especially the thick veil, served as a separator, a dividing barrier, between God and the people. Beyond this, the tabernacle was sanctified and set apart as a holy place. This spared the people from an outbreak from God which would have destroyed them (cf. 33:5).

(2.) The tabernacle was a place of sacrifice, so that the sins of the Israelites could be atoned for. While the solution was not permanent, it did facilitate communion between God and His people.

5. (Exodus 25:8) Who is to make this sanctuary? The people: If the church is the

“tabernacle” now then the people are again to “make” it by God’s plan

According to verse 2, what attitudes did God want each person to have in giving? Compare this will the strictness of the law. Responsibility of all Can true worship of God be commanded or ordered? No See Mt. 16:19; Acts 20:28; I Cor. 12

The building of the tabernacle involved all of the people. All of the people

would benefit from the tabernacle, and thus all were permitted to participate in its

construction, either by their donations of materials, or of skilled labor, or both.

Each family had the same part of it to move.

8.If you were to design a dwelling place for God, what materials would seem fitting to use? Metals, Cloth, Leather, Woods, Lighting, Stones…. V. 3-7 Consider that it must also be portable.

The tabernacle was a facility which displayed fabulous wealth and beauty.

The most recent study of Hebrew weights by R. B. Y. Scott (Peake’s

Commentary on the Bible, London and New York 1962, sect. 35)

reckons the talent at about 64 lbs. (29 kg.) and the sanctuary shekel

1/3 oz. or 9.7 gr. According to this calculation there would be some

1,900 lbs. of gold, 6,437 lbs. of silver, and 4,522 lbs. of bronze.

The project involved not only very expensive materials, but these materials were

fashioned in such a way as to create great works of art: “… God … commanded

Moses to fashion a tabernacle in a way which would involve almost every form

Of representational art that men have ever known.” The tabernacle and its

furnishings were provided for the Israelites for both “glory” and “beauty,”

(Ex. 28:2, 40).

9.(Ex. 28: 36; 30:21; 30:37-38; Lev. 10:1) What does the tabernacle testified of the

character of God?

The excellence of the tabernacle, both in its materials and its workmanship, was a reflection of the excellencies of God. The tabernacle was also a holy place, because abiding in it was a holy God

The tabernacle testifies in its structure and function to the holiness of God. Aaron bears the engraving on the diadem, ‘Holy to Yahweh’ (Ex. 28:36). The priests are warned in the proper administration of their office ‘lest they die’ (Ex. 30:21), and the death of Nadab and Abihu (Lev. 10.1) made clear the seriousness of an offense which was deemed

unholy to God.

10. (Ex. 36:13 & 18) The tabernacle was composed of various elements, but what is shown by the way each item is connected and fits together?

The unity of all, in design, function, and purpose, was emphasized. “And he made fifty clasps of gold, and joined the curtains to one another with the clasps, so the tabernacle was a unit” (Exod. 36:13). “And he made fifty clasps of bronze to join the tent together, that it might be a unit” (Exod. 36:18).

11. What may be said of the tabernacle as a work of art? Consider architecture, stones &

timbers.

We should note that with regard to the temple all of the art worked together to form a unity. The whole temple was a single work of architecture, a unified unit with free-standing columns, statuary, bas-relief, poetry and music, great huge stones, beautiful timbers brought from afar. It’s all there. A completely unified work of art to the praise of God.

Not only was there unity in architecture and structure, but there was also a unity in

the function of the tabernacle. The purpose of the tabernacle was to provide a place

where God may dwell in the midst of men. All of the furnishings facilitate ministries

and ceremonies which contribute to this one place of providing a “tent of meeting.”

We can legitimately learn the value of art from the tremendous artistic contributions of this structure. Many are those who have pointed out the various forms of art that are to be found in direct connection with the tabernacle. It is very likely true that we have become far too utilitarian, viewing only those things as important which have some great usefulness. Art has a definite value in our worship and in the expression of our devotion to God. This theme has been well developed by various Christian artists and is well worth our serious consideration. Nevertheless, I do not think that this is the principle thrust of our text.

12. (Ex. 30:8, 16, 21, 31) How long was the tabernacle built to last?

The tabernacle was designed as a permanent facility. Repeatedly we find

expressions such as, “perpetual” and “throughout your generations” (cf. 30:8, 16,

21, 31). The tent was used daily for much more than 40 years, and it would seem

as though God had designed it to be used throughout Israel’s history. The

tabernacle was not only “built to last,” to mimic an automobile manufacturer’s claim, but it was designed to last.

13. (Ex. 25:9; 35:1,4,10) Where did the pattern for the tabernacle come from? What did God express as His desire and purpose for this sanctuary? Was that a new desire on the part of God?

The tabernacle was God’s idea, God’s initiative, God’s design. Where did the pattern come from? It came from God. … God was the architect, not man. Over and over in the account of how the tabernacle is to be made, this phrase appears: ‘And thou shalt make …’ That is, God told Moses what to do in detail. These were

commands, commands from the same God who gave the Ten Commandments.

The tabernacle was made after the divine pattern shown to Moses (Ex. 25.9). The … instructions emphasized that every detail of the design was made by explicit command of God (Ex. 35.1, 4, 10, etc.). Bezalel and Oholiab were equipped with the spirit of God and with knowledge in craftsmanship (Ex. 31.2ff.) to execute the task. For the Old Testament writer the concrete form of the tabernacle is inseparable from its spiritual meaning. Every detail of the structure reflects the one divine

will and nothing rests on the ad hoc decision of human builders. …

Moreover, the tabernacle is not conceived of as a temporary measure for a limited time, but one in which the permanent priesthood of Aaron serves throughout all their generation (Ex. 27.20f.).

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14. How did God exhibit His desire to be with man during different ears? Adam? Abraham? Joseph? Moses? Tabernacle? Temple? Christ? Believers now? Future?

TEMPLE: “And it came about, when David dwelt in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, ‘Behold, I am dwelling in a house of cedar, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD is under curtains’” (1 Chron. 17:1)

The plans which David gave to Solomon were inspired by God (1 Chron. 28:11-12, 19), and were thus divinely provided, as were the plans for the tabernacle.

After David’s death (1 Chron. 29:28), Solomon reigned over Israel (2 Chron. 1), and constructed the temple (2 Chron. 2-4). It was elegant in materials and in workmanship, just as the tabernacle was (2 Chron. 2:7; 3:8-17, etc.). When it was completed, the nation was assembled and the ark was brought into the temple (2 Chron. 5:2-10). Like the tabernacle (Exod. 40:34ff.), the cloud descended on the temple and the glory of the Lord filled the place (2 Chron. 5:11-14).

The prophet Haggai, however, speaks a word of encouragement, assuring the people

that the temple is glorious because God is with them, that His Spirit is dwelling in

their midst (Hag. 2:4-5), and that in the future God will fill His house with even

greater splendor and glory (2:7-9).

The temple is also spoken of in the future tense by the prophet Ezekiel (chapters

40ff.). The promise of the future return of the nation Israel to the land of Canaan

and their spiritual restoration are assured by the description of the millennial temple

which is measured and described in great detail by Ezekiel.

13. (John 1:13-14) The Word, referring to Christ and that He is God (v. 1), now takes up a new dwelling (literally tabernacled) place that is also among men. How is this new dwelling described?

In the Gospel of John the Lord Jesus Christ is introduced as the Son of God who

tabernacled among men (John 1:14). The Lord Jesus was thus the dwelling place of

God among men during His earthly sojourn. He could thus tell the woman at the

well that there was a time coming when the place of worship is not the principle

concern (John 4:20-21). From the time of Christ’s coming to earth to the present,

the dwelling place of God among men is not conceived of in terms of buildings.

As a momentary aside, the physical building (the temple) had become a kind of idol to many of the legalistic, unbelieving Jews of Jesus’ day. The presence of the temple was proof to them that God was with them and that they were pleasing in His sight. Even the disciples were impressed by the beauty of the temple building, yet Jesus cautioned such enthusiasm, knowing that the temple would soon be destroyed (cf.

Matt. 24:1-2). You can well imagine how upset the scribes and Pharisees would

have been when our Lord spoke of destroying God’s temple (not knowing, of

course, that it was He who was that temple). The destruction of the temple in 70

A.D. was a fulfillment of the warnings of the Old Testament Scriptures, proof of

Israel’s disobedience and of God’s chastening hand on the nation, once again.

After our Lord’s crucifixion, burial, and resurrection, Stephen was put on trial by those who put our Lord on the cross. One of the charges against him was that he spoke against the temple (cf. Acts 6:13). Stephen’s response, given in his own defense, made it clear, as the Old Testament Scriptures had already done, that God

did not dwell in man-made places (Acts 7:47-50; cf. 2 Chron. 2:5-6; 6:18, 30).

14. (Heb. 2:14) What further details are given concerning Christ’s earthly tabernacle?

Acts 7:48:

I Cor. 3:16-17:

I Cor. 6:19-20:

Rom. 8:9:

Eph. 2:19-22:

We should learn that God should not be thought of as dwelling in buildings made with hands, but rather in terms of dwelling within the church, within the body of those who truly believe in Jesus Christ. We are wrong in telling our children to “hush” when they enter the church building, because “this is God’s house,” which suggests to them that God lives in a building, and we visit him once a week.

15. (I Tim. 3:14-15) Based on God’s indwelling, what manner of life should we be

careful to live?

If God indwells the church corporately, as the Scriptures teach, then the way we

conduct ourselves as members of the church is vitally important. If God is holy, then

His church must be holy as well (cf. 1 Pet. 1:16). This gives us a very strong reason

for exercising church discipline (cf. Matt. 18; 1 Cor. 5, 11), for the church must be

holy if God indwells it.

Further, if God indwells the church and manifests Himself in and through the church, then the way in which we conduct the church is vitally important to the adequate representation of God. It is for this reason that the apostle Paul wrote, “I am writing these things to you, hoping to come to you before long; but in case I am delayed, I write so that you may know how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth” (1 Tim. 3:14-15).

It is in this first epistle to Timothy that Paul speaks about doctrinal purity in the

church (chapter 1), about public ministry (chapter 2), about church leaders (chapter

3), about false and true holiness (chapter 4), about the responsibility of the church

for the widows and others (chapter 5), and about the pursuit of prosperity in the

guise of seeking greater piety (chapter 6). How we conduct ourselves in the church

is vitally important, my friend, for God Himself indwells the church today.

Let us be as careful in the way we build up the church as the Israelites of old were

in the building up of the tabernacle, so that the glory of God might be made manifest to men.

16. (Heb. 2:16-18) Moving from the more external (physical, flesh) construction (materials) of the dwelling, to the internal, what more are we told? He had a human nature. As well as Divine nature.

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TABERNACLE: Study 2

60 Exterior Posts (pillars) and the Pure White Linen Curtain: Ex. 27:9-15

1.Strange logic often applied: “linen made from flax, flax comes from the ground,

therefore the curtain represents humanity of Christ.” Would you agree with this method to determine the meaning of Bible passages?

2. Compare linen and wool cloth, and clothes.

3. (Rev. 19:7-8) What descriptions are similar? What does the cloth represent?

May the covering around the tabernacle court represent the same thing? Why/why not?

4. (Gen. 15:6; Rom. 4:3 & 22; Rom. 3:21-22) From where does true (God’s) righteousness come? How does one receive it?

5. (Is. 61:10) How may the church, the individual, and Christ all be symbolized by the linen curtain around the tabernacle? (II Cor. 5:21)

6. (Phil 3:7-9; Is. 64:6) If you were observing the tabernacle from a distance how could it be a visual object lesson of those two passages and the righteousness of Christ/God?

2.Each of the 60 pillars were 7 feet high with bronze sockets and silver bands. It has

been suggested that brass speaks of made in a fire while silver the metal purified by fire. I Cor. 3:12-14. How might the following be true: the linen as God’s righteousness (imputed to believer), metal on pillars as purified works, then the pillars being what all rests upon as being faith? I Peter 1:7

3.(II Kings 18:16) Pillars also translated doorposts and in Dt. 7:5; Ex. 23:24 translated

images. What concepts would either of those words suggest as symbols represented by the pillars? How would each interact with the linen?

4.In light of the tabernacle pillars as holding up a curtain that separated the court from

the outside activities, what may I Tim. 3:15 teach us?

5.(Gal. 2:9) Considering the importance and function of the tabernacle pillars, what

should the function be of a “pillar” in the church?

Gate:

Courtyard:

Brazen Altar:

Laver:

Skins over Tabernacle:

Wood Frame of Tabernacle:

Inside Tabernacle itself:

F.Holy Place:

Table of Showbread:

Golden Altar of Incense

Lampstand:

G.Holy Of Holies:

Veil:

Ark of the Covenant:

TABERNACLE: THE GATE

Study No. 3

Facts of the Gate: 20 cubits wide (ax. 30 Ft.). 5 Pillars to hold it. 3 pillars within gate & 2 as doorposts. The screen across it was of fine linen embroidered with 3 colors of blue, purple and scarlet.

1. What may each color represent? How does each represent Christ? The Church?

8.Different types of gates in Bible:

Gen. 28:17 _______________________________________

Ps. 9:13 ________________________________________

Ps. 118:19 ________________________________________

Is. 38: 10 _________________________________________

Is. 60:10-12 ______________________________________

Is. 60:18 ________________________________________

Mt. 16:18 _________________________________________

Rev. 21:12 & 13, 25 ________________________________

9.(Ez. 21:15) When someone possesses the city gate they are seen as possessing what

else? See I Jn. 5:12. What does Christ possess?

4. (Ruth 4:1) The city gate also served what other functions? How does this relate to Christ? How does Jesus also bring about this?

5. (Prov. 31:23) What could be said of the place within the gate? How does this relate to Christ? How does Jesus also bring about this?

6. (Is. 3:20) Figuratively, what was the gate to the city? How does this relate to Christ?

7. What was the purpose of a gate?

10. (Jn. 10:1-2) How does Jesus’ illustration of the door, the thief, and the shepherd

demonstrate the purpose of a gate/door?

9. (Jn. 10:7 & 9) Why is He represented by the gate of the tabernacle? What basic things are within the tabernacle that can only be reached by entering through the gate?

10. (Mt. 7:13-14) What is the common explanation of the 2 ways described? Why would few find the strait gate? (Jn. 10:26-28) How can one be sure they have entered into the way of life?

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11. (Jn 14:6) Who is the way? Is He meaning “his way of life to be lived” or that he is

the gate/door?

12. (Jn 14:6) The tabernacle had 3 pillars within the gate. What 3 pillars did Jesus say

He was?

13. How may the following verses help to show He is the Way?

Is. 53:6 _____________________________________________

Rom. 3:25-26 _________________________________________

Rom 5:8-9 ___________________________________________

I Cor. 15:3 ___________________________________________

II Cor. 5:21 ___________________________________________

I Peter 2:24-25 ________________________________________

I Peter 3:18 ___________________________________________

14. How may the following verses show He is the truth?

Dt. 32:4 _____________________________________

Jn. 1:14 & 17 ________________________________

Jn. 8:32; 14:16 & 26; 16:13 __________________________________

II Tim. 2:15 _______________________________________________

15. How may the following verses show He is the life?

Jn 10:10 ______________________________________

Jn. 10:27-28 ___________________________________

Jn. 11:25-26 ___________________________________

16. We know that each of the 3 persons in the Godhead are involved in our salvation (Titus 2:11; Titus 3:5; Heb 9:8 & 14; Heb. 10:18; Heb 1:1-3;Eph. 1:3-6), in what ways may the 3 pillars within the tabernacle gate speak of God?

17. The Tabernacle gate faced east. What may this eastward view have represented? Ez. 43:2.

TABERNACLE: THE GATE

Study No. 3

ANSWER KEY

Facts of the Gate: 20 cubits wide (ax. 30 Ft.). 5 Pillars to hold it. 3 pillars within gate & 2 as doorposts. The screen across it was of fine linen embroidered with 3 colors of blue, purple and scarlet.

1. What may each color represent? How does each represent Christ? The Church?

16. Different types of gates in Bible:

Gen. 28:17 Jacob’s Dream: place was the GATE OF HEAVEN

Ps. 9:13 Gates of Death

Ps. 118:19 Gates of rigtheousness

Is. 38: 10 Gates of the grave

Is. 60:10-12 Open gates

Is. 60:18 Gates of praise

Mt. 16:18 Gate of hell

Rev. 21:12 & 13, 25 Gates of the City

17. (Ez. 21:15) When someone possesses the city gate they are seen as possessing what else? See I Jn. 5:12. What does Christ possess?

4. (Ruth 4:1) The city gate also served what other functions? Meeting place, legal

How does this relate to Christ? How does Jesus also bring about this?

5. (Prov. 31:23) What could be said of the place within the gate? Place of honor How does this relate to Christ? How does Jesus also bring about this?

6. (Is. 3:20) Figuratively, what was the gate to the city? The glory of the city How does

this relate to Christ?

7. What was the purpose of a gate? To allow entrance to what is within the walls. Thus keep out those not allow in. To protect from intrusion of the unwanted.

18. (Jn. 10:1-2) How does Jesus’ illustration of the door, the thief, and the shepherd

demonstrate the purpose of a gate/door?

19. (Jn. 10:7 & 9) Why is He represented by the gate of the tabernacle?

What basic things are within the tabernacle that can only be reached by entering through the gate? The Sacrifice for sin, God, all the things inside.

10. (Mt. 7:13-14) What is the common explanation of the 2 ways described? Good go to heaven & wicked who do their own thing go to hell. Why would few find the strait gate? To busy believing they are becoming good. (Jn. 10:26-28) How can one be sure they have entered into the way of life? It is entered only by believing on/in the Lord Jesus Christ!

20. (Jn 14:6) Who is the way? Jesus. Is He meaning “his way of life to be lived” or that he is the gate/door? In view of the coming unto the Father, HE is the way not the life style. Only by him is the blood sarcrifice.

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  1. (Jn 14:6) The tabernacle had 3 pillars within the gate. What 3 pillars did Jesus say He was? The WAY, the TRUTH, the LIFE.
  2. How may the following verses help to show He is the Way?

Is. 53:6 We are sheep that went astray

Rom. 3:25-26 Faith in his blood & justifies by believing in Him

Rom 5:8-9 He died for us & justified us

I Cor. 15:3 Died for our sins

II Cor. 5:21 Made him to be sin for us

I Peter 2:24-25 He is the Shepherd

I Peter 3:18 Suffered once

3.How may the following verses show He is the truth?

Dt. 32:4 God is a God of TRUTH

Jn. 1:14 & 17 Truth came by Jesus

Jn. 8:32; 14:16 & 26; 16:13 Holy Spirit of Truth and guide into all truth

II Tim. 2:15 Bible is Word of Truth: Divide correctly

4.How may the following verses show He is the life?

Jn 10:10 He gives abundant life

Jn. 10:27-28 He gives eternal life

Jn. 11:25-26 He keeps from the second death

16. We know that each of the 3 persons in the Godhead are involved in our salvation (Titus 2:11; Titus 3:5; Heb 9:8 & 14; Heb. 10:18; Heb 1:1-3;Eph. 1:3-6), in what ways may the 3 pillars within the tabernacle gate speak of God?

17. The Tabernacle gate faced east. What may this eastward view have represented? Ez. 43:2. Faced sunrise, light coming (not sunset). Faced the direction they were going to the promised land.

http://www.bibletruth.net/florlane/Tabernacle/gate.htm

THE GATE: THE LORD SAID, "I AM THE WAY, THE TRUTH AND & THE LIFE"

The Lord Jesus is the only provision God has made where with He can save people and build the Body

of Christ. The Lord is salvation. But yet He is far more the Lord is the entry into fellowship with the

Divine Godhead. He is the Gate, the way into the presence and enjoyment of all that God is. As you

enter through the Gate you come across several pieces of 'furniture'. Every piece and minute detail will

speak to the 'spiritual' person as a picture of Christ, the action involved gives us a photo album detailing

the Work of Christ. The items given in the list that follows are all links to the page they describe:

  1. altar - salvation through the blood of substitute (Calvary)
  2. laver - cleansing by the water/Holy Spirit. The Baptist "I use water, He uses the Holy Spirit." Jn 1:32

cleansing from the power and vileness of sin = renewal and regeneration, not cleaning up the old- Titus

3:5 (Pentecost)

3. table of showbread - bread of life, means of sustenance/life -(picture of the Lord)

4. lampstand - light, source of life " " " "

5. altar of incense - intercession of High Priest (prays for us) at right hand of God now. "saved to the

uttermost to make intercession for us..."

6. ark/mercy seat - Whom God seat forth as our mercy seat/propitiation = where we meet God. God

provided a sacrifice and man is welcome in the presence of God at the mercy seat = Lord Jesus Christ

where we can now come boldly into the presence of God. The tabernacle court and gate reveals that if

you want fellowship with God, you must come God’s way through the gate. The white linen

surrounding the court told all that this was holy ground.

John 10:9; I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find

pasture.

At the east end of the tabernacle was a gate unto God’s presence where God’s glory could be enjoyed

in the peace and rest of the tabernacle. To receive blessing, you must enter in. This was the residence

of holy God and was to remind man of his unholy state."If any man" = all are welcome, but must "enter

the true door = by me". "If enter" = not automatic salvation, each must enter willingly, knowingly.

Luke 13:23-28; Then said one unto him, Lord, are there few that be saved? And he said unto them,

Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able.

When once the master of the house is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand

without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and say unto

you, I know you not whence ye are: Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy

presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye

are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye

shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you

yourselves thrust out.

What eternal benefits do joining church, performing rites, hearing sermons , etc. bring? The way in

(salvation) is by coming personally to the Lord Jesus Christ and believe he died for your sins.

John 10:26-28; But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. My sheep hear

my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never

perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

Matt 7:13-14; Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to

destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way,

which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.

Few find the straight gate leading to the narrow path of salvation of belief in Him alone. How can one be sure they have entered into the way of life? It is entered only by believing on/in the Lord Jesus Christ!

John 10:9; I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find

pasture.

Nicodemus knew the law, but it did not provide eternal life. He came to Jesus and stood "at the gate."

Nicodemus recognized Jesus as a teacher from God. Yet, until Nicodemus personally entered in the

gate, (believed) he could not have eternal life:

John 3:3-7;

If Nicodemus did not believe earthly thoughts, how could he believe heavenly thoughts of the one sent

to provide salvation. We must believe the one God sent down from heaven to earth to be the door unto

eternal life. The door is here on earth today for all lost souls. There is no "future door" to be opened in

heaven at a later date. "If any man enter in, he shall be saved." Each must confess Jesus as Lord and

enter in personally. We are saved by faith in the blood of Christ. Rom. 3:25

Eph 2:13; But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of

Christ.

The way to God begins at Calvary’s cross when a sinner comes to Jesus for new life. When we first

enter the gate of the tabernacle we see the brazen altar first reminding us of this truth. There are two

sides to the gate that opens in, those "in Christ" and those outside the gate under the wrath of God. Do

we make others see the reality of entering into God’s holy presence or remaining outside the gate for

eternity?

TABERNACLE

Study No. 4

The Court & Altar

The Court of the Tabernacle (Sanctuary): a clear uncovered space enclosed by walls, buildings, or curtains.

Ex. 27:9-18; 38:9-20

1.Could a Hebrew worship outside the court? What would the difference be between

worshipping outside and within the court?

2.What would every Hebrew have immediate access to once they were inside the court?

3.Psalms 65:4; 100:4 What could be said of God’s courts concerning a desire to be in

them? What may being within them represent? I Jn.1

4.What items are found within the court? Describe the placement and what relationship

that may have to spiritual matters.

Brazen Altar:

5.Ex. 27:1-8; 38:1-7 What is the size of the altar?

Why overlay it with bronze?

Considering the construction, what is the altar similar to?

How would it be moved?

6.What are two purposes of the altar? Lev. 1:4___________ Lev. 2:2 ____________

3. Ex. 20:25-26 What are several important conditions placed upon altars?

7 Numbers 21:6-9; Jn. 3:14-16 It has been suggested that bronze represents God’s

judgment on sin. Why or why not would you agree?

8.Dan. 2:31-45 The image in the dream had thighs of bronze representing the extensive

Greek Empire. Would such a symbol apply to the bronze on the altar?

9.Lev. 26:19-20; Dt. 28:23 Bronze is said to symbolize hardness, unyieldness, and

strength. How may that symbolize an aspect of the altar?

10. It was an alloy they could work with during the time of about 1500 B.C. with iron-working starting about 1180 at the earliest. The cross was an instrument of judicial death similar to the altar, yet the materials used in the cross are not said to symbolize something, why the difference?

11. What might the 4 horns on the altar represent? Ps. 118:27

9. There were 2 staves to transport the altar. What two parts of the Gospel would these

signify? I Cor. 15:3-4

12. Lev. 6:12-13 What was necessary concerning the fire? What is fire the symbol of in

Scripture? Is. 66:15 Why would that be true in the sin sacrifices?

13. Lev. 1:10 What type of animal can be used for the sacrifice? How is the sacrifice

different from the altar? Why was the same true of Christ? II Cor. 5:21

14. Lev. 1:9 What was the sacrifice to the Lord? What concept is brought to mind by that

image? What is Jesus also and why? Eph. 5:2

15. Lev. 17:11 How important was the blood of the animal? What did it do for the

Hebrews? Jn. 1:29 How does Christ fulfill the altar sacrifice? Heb. 9:7, 12, 22, 26-28; 10:12, 18

16. Lev. 1:3-5 What was each Hebrew required to do? What would this signify?

15. What part does an altar have in our lives (if any)? I Cor. 9:13; 10:16-18;

Heb. 10:14; 13:10 Is there anything in the Epistles that applies an altar to us?

TABERNACLE

Study No. 5

The Laver

17. (Ex. 30:18; 40:7) Where was the laver positioned in the court?

18. (Ex. 38:8) What specific type of material was the laver made of?

19. (Ex. 38:25-29; 40:11) What was Moses to do to the laver? What was he to use?

4. (Ex. 30:18-21; 40:30-32) What was the purpose of the laver? What might 2 causes of

death be if the laver washing was not followed?

20. HISTORY: I Kings 7:38-40 (& entire chapter) Notice the workmanship, size, and

materials of the laver in Solomon’s temple.

II Kings 16:17 King Ahaz modifies the temple and alters the laver.

II Kings 25:13 The laver is broken and carried away to Babylon.

21. What would the washing of the hands and feet represent before the priest could enter into God’s presence in the Holy of Holies? (Jn. 13:5-10) How would Jesus’ washing the disciples feet symbolize something similar?

22. What might be the symbolic significance in the positioning of the gate, brazen altar, laver, and the gate into the tabernacle itself? What 3 conditions must be fulfilled before the priest could enter God’s present?

23. What does the water and the laver symbolize? Jn. 15:3; Eph. 5:26; I John 1:9

24. What would the person see when they approached the laver? Why would that symbolism be important? James 1:23-25; I Jn. 1:8-10; I Cor. 11:28

25. How could the ritual of washing in the laver lose its value? What would need to be done to restore it personally? See Mt. 15:2-20

11. What can we do that personally practicing I Jn. 1:9 doesn’t become a ritual and lose

its depth of meaning to us?

Tabernacle Study No. 6 ANSWERS

THE STRUCTURE OF THE TABERNACLE

26. The wood frame itself: Ex. 26:15-30

The dimensions were 45 feet X 15 feet, which was of those of Solomon’s temple.

The height was 15 feet, which was 1/3 the height of Solomon’s temple.

Three ideas on the frame: 1. Solid boards. 2. Frame work of boards only. 3. It had a ridgepole and was not flat-roofed.

27. (Ex. 26:16) Each board is to be 15 feet X 18 inches wide. (Thickness not given)

What type of tree would be required to make such lumber? Large timber/trees that have good lumber, not knots Does that fit your image of desert trees?

28. (Ex. 26:18-21) The two long 45 foot sides were to have 20 boards each standing uprightly. What holds these in place? Sockets & bars What gives stability to the walls at each corner (V. 23-24)? Clamping together of 2 boards

29. (V. 29) What were the boards covered with? Gold What might have been the purposes of the overlaying? Beauty, Raises the value to the people since they gave their money.

30. (Is. 53:2) What might the desert acacia wood illustrate concern Christ? He came from desert to begin His ministry. What may the gold represent? His deity, divine glory.

31. (Ex. 30:11-16) Some suggest the silver for the sockets is “atonement silver.” What was it making atonement for?

32. The wood structure suggests a careful design given by God to frame all of the tabernacle. Consider each of the following verses: Prov. 16:25; Eph. 2:21; 4:16

33. The curtains of fine linen Ex. 26:1-6 (The first covering over the wood frame)

Likely of the type of cloth known as Egyptian Linen. Review: Rev. 19:8 says linen speaks of righteousness.

1. (V.1) How many curtains were there? 10 What was the colors and what may each represent? Blue=Royalty, Christ heavenly origin Purple=royalty as David’s Son, Scarlet=blood shed What works decorated the curtains? It had embroidered cherubims on it while Solomon’s temple had cherubims carved into the wood work.

34. (V.2) What were the dimensions of each curtain? 42 feet X 6 feet What would be about the finished size of the entire covering of linen cloth? 42 feet X 60 feet

35. The goat hair curtains Ex. 26:7-13 (The second layer of covering)

Common material for nomadic tents. It was a durable material and was quite waterproof.

36. (V. 7-9) How many curtains and what was the size of each? 11 curtains that were 45 feet X 6 feet. What would be about the finished size of the entire covering of goat hair? 45 feet X 66 feet

37. (V. 13) What would the goat hair curtain do to the tabernacle? Cover it completely What is true of the hair of goats as illustrating the O.T. sacrifices? Grows back so is always there to be used as renewed. The daily confessing of our sins I Jn 1:9

38. Yet the goat hair would bring to mind the goat and what it was used for. Consider each of the following verses: Lev. 9:15 Sin offering for THE people Num. 28:23 One goat makes atonement for YOU Ps. 40:12 Number of hairs as number of sins II Cor. 5:21 He made sin (sin offering) Eph. 5:2 Christ the sin offering Heb. 9:28 He bore the sins similar to the scapegoat Lev. 16:9-10 Heb 10:3-9,14

39. Ram’s skins dyed red Ex. 26:14 (The third layer of covering on the wood frame)

The ram speaks of a Substitute for us. Gen. 22:10-14

Red ram skins were also found in cultic worship and used to wrap idols when carried on camels, etc.

  1. How is Christ illustrated by the red rams skins?
  2. How does each of the following verses show that substitution?

I Pet. 3:18 “Just for unjust” II Cor. 5:21 “Made sin” I Cor. 15:3 Made payment Gal. 1:4 “Gave Himself” Rom. 4:25 Delivered for offenses Rom.5:8 Died in our place Is 53:6 “Laid on Him the iniquity of us all”

1.The “Badger” skin covering Ex. 26:14 (The fourth or very outer layer)

Word translated “badger” is used only one other place, Ez. 16:10. It is very possible that it referred to an adult water creature (dugong) about 10 feet long found in the Gulf of Aqaba. It has a dull bluish gray color.

2.Would anyone looking from the outside at the tabernacle be aware of the concealed interior beauty and purpose of the tabernacle?

3.Is. 53:2-3 Compare Christ’s outward appearance with that of the badger skin covering and His concealed attributes with the internal parts of the tabernacle.

Skins: no recorded measurements, no definite form.

No beauty, undesirable appearance, common, normally rejected.

Tabernacle Study No. 6 (Don't know why or where this goes)

THE STRUCTURE OF THE TABERNACLE

4.The wood frame itself: Ex. 26:15-30

The dimensions were 45 feet X 15 feet, which was of those of Solomon’s temple.

The height was 15 feet, which was 1/3 the height of Solomon’s temple.

Three ideas on the frame: 1. Solid boards. 2. Frame work of boards only. 3. It had a ridgepole and was not flat-roofed.

5.(Ex. 26:16) Each board is to be 15 feet X 18 inches wide. (Thickness not given)

What type of tree would be required to make such lumber? Does that fit your image of desert trees?

6.(Ex. 26:18-21) The two long 45 foot sides were to have 20 boards each standing uprightly. What holds these in place? What gives stability to the walls at each corner (V. 23-24)?

7.(V. 29) What were the boards covered with? What might have been the purposes of the overlaying?

8.(Is. 53:2) What might the desert acacia wood illustrate concern Christ?

9.(Ex. 30:11-16) Some suggest the silver for the sockets is “atonement silver.” What was it making atonement for?

10. The wood structure suggests a careful design given by God to frame all of the tabernacle. Consider each of the following verses: Prov. 16:25; Eph. 2:21; 4:16

11. The curtains of fine linen Ex. 26:1-6 (The first covering over the wood frame)

Likely of the type of cloth known as Egyptian Linen. Review: Rev. 19:8

1. (V.1) How many curtains were there? What were the colors and what may each represent? What works decorated the curtains?

12. (V.2) What were the dimensions of each curtain? What would be about the finished size of the entire covering of linen cloth?

13. The goat hair curtains Ex. 26:7-13 (The second layer of covering)

It was a common material for nomadic tents. It was a durable material and was quite waterproof.

14. (V. 7-9) How many curtains and what was the size of each? What would be about the finished size of the entire covering of goat hair?

15. (V. 13) What would the goat hair curtain do to the tabernacle? What is true of the hair of goats as illustrating the O.T. sacrifices? See I Jn 1:9

16. Yet the goat hair would bring to mind the goat and what it was used for. Consider each of the following verses:

Lev. 9:15; Num. 28:23;

Ps. 40:12; II Cor. 5:21

Eph. 5:2; Heb. 9:28;

Lev. 16:9-10; Heb 10:3-9,14

17. Ram’s skins dyed red Ex. 26:14 (The third layer of covering on the wood frame)

The ram speaks of a Substitute for us. Gen. 22:10-14

Red ram skins were also found in cultic worship and used to wrap idols when carried on camels, etc.

  1. How is Christ illustrated by the red rams skins?
  2. How does each of the following verses show that substitution?

I Pet. 3:18 II Cor. 5:21

I Cor. 15:3 Gal. 1:4

Rom. 4:25 Rom.5:8

Is 53:6

1.The “Badger” skin covering Ex. 26:14 (The fourth or very outer layer)

Word translated “badger” is used only one other place, Ez. 16:10. It is very possible that it referred to an adult water creature (dugong) about 10 feet long found in the Gulf of Aqaba. It has a dull bluish gray color.

2.Would anyone looking from the outside at the tabernacle be aware of the concealed interior beauty and purpose of the tabernacle?

3.Is. 53:2-3 Compare Christ’s outward appearance with that of the badger skin covering and His concealed attributes with the internal parts of the tabernacle.

Skins: no recorded measurements, no definite form.

No beauty, undesirable appearance, common, normally rejected.

TABERNACLE STUDY NO. 7

Holy Place & Most Holy Place

D.The Holy Place (First room in Tabernacle). 15 X 30 feet. See Ex. 25:8-9

5.Who may enter the Holy Place? Ex. 40:12-16

6.What were the duties of those priests? Ex. 27:20-21

7.What were the priests to wear when they entered the holy place? Ex. 28:2

8.What are the garments? Ex. 28:4 & 42

9.What order were they to be put on Aaron? Ex. 29: 5-6

10. What was the coat made of? Ex. 28:39; 39:27

7. Rev. 19:8 What did such a coat represent and why is it represented necessary

for a human to be wearing it to enter the holy place?

8. What was the girdle made of? Ex. 39:29

9. What may such a girdle represent? Note it secured the robe and was similar to

a belt. Is. 22:21 ______ Luke 17:8; Eph. 6:14; Luke 22:27__________

10. What was the robe made of? Ex. 28:31-33

11. What was the purpose of the golden bell? Ex. 28:34-35

12. How do we know Jesus is still alive and ministering on our behalf?

11. What was the ephod made of? Ex. 28:6-14; 39:2-7

14. Why go into the holy place with the names of 12 tribes? Ex. 28:29

12. How would you describe this garment and what it would look like in the sun?

16. How may such a garment represent Christ?

17.What was the breastplate made of? Ex. 28:15-29; 39:8-21

18. How may this breastplate be similar to the one in Eph. 6:14?

19. What may have been the purpose of the Urim and Thummin (Ex. 28:30)?

20.What was the miter made of? Ex. 28:39

21. What was placed on the miter? Ex. 28:36-38

22. How may the helmet of Eph 6:17 be represented by the miter?

CC. The Showbread:

14. What was the table made of? Ex. 25:23-30

2. How many loaves were to be on the table Lev.24:5

How were they to be placed on the table? Lev. 24:6

Why were they on the table? Lev. 24:7

When was this to be done? Lev. 24:8

Who could eat the bread? Lev. 24:9

15. What is significant about the number of loaves?

The day they are eaten?

By whom?

The place it was eaten?

4. Why or why not may Jesus have been referring to the showbread in Jn. 6:30-

35, 48-51?

16. Why is it fitting that bread, as the staff of life should illustrate Christ also?

6. Breaking of bread illustrates common unity and fellowship. How may the

loaves also represent that in God’s people? See Luke 24:35; Acts 2:42; II Thess. 3:8; Rev. 3:20-22

7. Compare the figurative usage of bread in other passages: Mt. 4:4; Prov. 9:17; Prov. 31:27; Eccl. 11:1; Is. 55:2; I Cor. 5:8

TABERNACLE STUDY NO. 7: ANSWERS

Holy Place & Most Holy Place

A. The Holy Place (First room in Tabernacle). 15 X 30 feet. See Ex. 25:8-9

  1. Who may enter the Holy Place? Ex. 40:12-16 Aaron & his sons
  2. What were the duties of those priests? Ex. 27:20-21 Bring Olive oil for light and care for it. Take care of the bread
  3. What were the priests to wear when they entered the holy place? Ex. 28:2 holy garments
  4. What were the garments? Ex. 28:4 & 42 breastplate, ephod, robe, embroidered coat, miter, girdle, breeches
  5. What order were they to be put on Aaron? Ex. 29: 5-6 coat, robe, ephod, breastplate, girdle, miter, crown
  6. What was the coat made of? Ex. 28:39; 39:27 fine woven linen embroidered
  7. Rev. 19:8 What did such a coat represent Righteousness of saints and why is it

represented necessary for a human to be wearing it to enter the holy place? Need to covered with righteousness (Be pure)

8. What was the girdle made of? Ex. 39:29 fine-twined linen of blue, purple &

Scarlet of needle work

9. What may such a girdle represent? Note it secured the robe and was similar to

a belt. Is. 22:21 strength for service Luke 17:8; Eph. 6:14; Be ready for action Luke 22:27 Christ the Servant

10. What was the robe made of? Ex. 28:31-33 blue, purple, scarlet bells of gold

on hem with a hole in top of it (head hole)

11. What was the purpose of the golden bell? Ex. 28:34-35 to hear him inside to

know that he didn’t die, that he was still ministering on their behalf

Compare the colorful elaborate dress of Priest to that of Pharaoh

12. How do we know Jesus is still alive and ministering on our behalf?

By faith; His healing: His intercession

13. What was the ephod made of? Ex. 28:6-14; 39:2-7 fine-twined linen of gold, blue, purple, scarlet (vestment) with special belt engraved stones and pure gold chains.

14. Why go into the holy place with the names of 12 tribes? Ex. 28:29 Bringing

them before God as a memorial continually. Representing the people to God.

15. How would you describe this garment and what it would look like in the sun?

splendid, light reflecting from it, all rays gleaming and flashing as Aaron moved

16. How may such a garment represent Christ? Bears our names before God

His glory and splendor: Transfiguration

17.What was the breastplate made of? Ex. 28:15-29; 39:8-21 similar to ephod,

square, with 4 rows of precious stones, gold chains & rings. Connected to ephod. Each stone for a tribe Tradition has each represented by a symbol: Judea=lion

18. How may this breastplate be similar to the one in Eph. 6:14?

Protects heart and vital organs

19. What may have been the purpose of the Urim and Thummin (Ex. 28:30)?

Determine divine will. Like stone dice .

20.What was the miter made of? Ex. 28:39 means to wrap, roll around, of fine

linen may have been a turban as in v. 40

21. What was placed on the miter? Ex. 28:36-38 golden engraved plate. It reads

“Holiness to the Lord” Note the blue lace.

22. How may the helmet of Eph 6:17 be represented by the miter?

Jesus bore our guilt on the cross: Ex. 28:38 Bear iniquity

B. The Showbread:

  1. What was the table made of? Ex. 25:23-30 Wood overlaid with gold, rim, rings in corners for gold overlaid staves, gold dishes, bowls, & spoons
  2. How many loaves were to be on the table Lev.24:5 “12”

How were they to be placed on the table? Lev. 24:6 two rows with 6 in each row

Why were they on the table? Lev. 24:7 as memorial & offering made by fire

When was this to be done? Lev. 24:8 Sabbath Day

Who could eat the bread? Lev. 24:9 Aaron & sons

3. What is significant about the number of loaves? 12 tribes, 12 aposltes

The day they are eaten? Feeding on Sabbath: spiritual offering: Similar to

feeding on spiritual food on Sunday in Church

By whom? Priests

The place it was eaten? Holy Place

4. Why or why not may Jesus have been referring to the showbread in Jn. 6:30-

35, 48-51? That was Manna from heaven whereas this was different

5. Why is it fitting that bread, as the staff of life should illustrate Christ also? He

gives spiritual life and sustains it.

6. Breaking of bread illustrates common unity and fellowship. How may the

loaves also represent that in God’s people?

See Luke 24:35; Jesus known to them during (in) eating together V.30

Acts 2:42; Their meals together had fellowshipping included. Points to the importance of common meals.

II Thess. 3:8; Eating together presented as a valuable ministry time

Rev. 3:20-22 Just as the eating together required an effort on the part of the people/each person before a deeper fellowship is reached, so to each must make an effort to fellowship with Christ. This is not about salvation but fellowshipping.

7. Compare the figurative usage of bread in other passages:

Mt. 4:4; Jesus puts a spin on the image of eating physical bread and that spiritual bread is the Word of God.

Prov. 9:17; Things that are not right often seem desirable when doing them. Bread illustrates eating/doing such

Prov. 31:27; Figurative of making a habit of being idle

Eccl. 11:1; What you sow you reap: The good in terms of sharing and fellowshipping with others will return the same to you

Is. 55:2; The Physical need of food is what should be the central concern of life which is often not so, likewise the main concern should be spiritual food which is not being cared for or sought.

I Cor. 5:8 Other life giving qualities that produce true fruit/life and bread is used to suggest the importance of such things.

TABERNACLE STUDY NO. 8

Lampstand & Altar of Incense

"I am the Light of the world"

1. Ex. 25:31-40 What different numbers are given?

2. Nearly 600 Bible passages refer to the number 7. Babylonians regarded it as the number of totality, completeness. It was the expression of the highest power, the greatest force. Note how the number 7 often has is used in a spiritual application.

Ex. 34:18 There were 7 days of eating unleavened bread

Lev. 23:34 Feast of tabernacles lasted 7 days

Num. 28:11 There were 7 lambs sacrificed

Lev. 14:7-8 Cleansing: Sprinkle the leper 7 times and to stay out of tent 7 days

II ‘Kings 5:10 Naaman to wash 7 times

Lev. 12:2 Women were unclean 7 days after giving birth

Gen. 29:20 Jacob served 7 years

Gen. 41:53 Egypt: 7 years of plenty, 7 years of famine

Josh. 6:1-8 Jericho: 7 priests, 7 trumpets, 7 days, 7 times around

Mt. 15:34, 37 There were 7 fish, 7 baskets

Rev. 1:4 Speaks of 7 churches

Dan. 9:24-25 70 weeks, 7 weeks

Luke 10:1 Jesus sent out 70

3. The Number 3: suggests Complete, Completeness, Ordered whole

Gen. 6:10 Noah had 3 sons

Job 1:2 Job had 7 sons & 3 daughters

Gen. 18:2 3 Messengers come to Abraham

Ex. 23:14 They shall have 3 feasts a year

Ps. 55:17 David prays 3 times a day

Mt. 4:3-8 Jesus tempted 3 times

Mt. 26:34-75 The 3 denials of Peter

Mt. 16:21 Raised the third day

Josh 22:22 Often 3 sets are given in Scripture; Lord God, he knows, & sin against

Rev. 1:4 Three tenses of Christ

Mt. 28:19 God’s three names of each of the three Persons

4. Number 4: 4 points of compass, all directions, 4 phases of the moon, completeness of range, comprehensive extent.

Jer. 49:36 Four winds from 4 quarters

Is. 11:12 Four corners of earth

Rev. 20:8 Gather from 4 quarters of earth to the battle

Gen. 2:10 Four rivers from the one leaving Eden

Jer. 15:3 Four kinds: sword, dogs, fowls, beasts

-page 2-

Dan. 2:37: 4 things given; (V. 40) four kingdoms

Rev. 4:6 Four creatures before the throne

5. The Number 12: a semi-sacred number (12tribes), “perfect number” unity, divine election,12 apostles = sent forth (witnesses). Represents Witness or Testimony

Ex. 24:4 Twelve pillars for the 12 tribes

Ex. 28:21 The 12 stones on breastplate for the 12 tribes

Lev. 24:5 The 12 loaves in tabernacle

Num. 17:1-13 The 12 rods for each house and Aaron’s budded

Josh. 4:8-9 Joshua put up 12 stones

I Kings 18:31-32 Elijah took 12 stones to build his altar

Mt. 14:20 There was 12 baskets of food collected

Rev. 4:4 Two sets of 12 X 2 (24)

Acts 26:7 The 12 tribes

Mk. 3:14 The 12 Apostles appointed by Christ

Rev. 21:14 City has 12 foundations (note number of 12’s in chapter)

Rev. 7:4-8 Out of each tribe will be 12,000

Exodus 25:31-37:

6. What was the lampstand (candlestick) made of?

7. Respond to the following statement: “The pure gold lampstand = the deity of the Lord

Jesus = the word of God because the word was God!”

8. How is it described?

9. What would be the purpose of the bowls?

10. How many branches were to come out of the stand?

11. How many lamps were there?

12. What was the purpose of the lamps? Num. 8:1-2

13. The olive oil supplies the flame. According to Zech. 4:6 what may the oil represent?

See I Sam. 16:13; Is. 61:1; Acts 2:16-18; Acts 10:38

14. What did the entire fixture look like?

15. What are the 3 things that are related to a tree? What may they represent?

-page 3-

16. (John 15: 1-4 ) What may the branches symbolize? What are the branches to do?

See Zech. 3:8; Rom. 11:16-24

17. We must have the HOLY SPIRIT "filling the lamp for fuel" to be a light. In the holy

place, all 7 lamps were needed, not just one. Every believer is a lamp with the HOLY SPIRIT and all are needed to make God known. We receive the HOLY SPIRIT by being "justified by faith":

18. Our gracious High Priest must come often and "trim our wick" to restore the flame

and radiance of His light. It is a filthy, awful job to do. The picture of our Lord’s intercession for us if given by the incense going up from the altar to God for us as a pleasing fragrance.

19. What may come to the Hebrew’s mind when the saw the buds (knobs)? Num. 17:1-13

20. What may the buds illustrate? (I Cor. 3:12)

21. ZECH 4:1-6 Notice the similarity to the tabernacle lampstand. What is he told it is?

22. Zech. 4:10 What does the seven represent?

23. Zech. 4:11-14 What are the two olive branches? What could the golden oil be?

24. According to Rev. 1:20, what did the lampstands that John saw represent?

25. Mt. 5:14-16; Jn 1:9; 3:19-20; Acts 26:18; II Cor. 4:4-6; Eph. 5:8; Ex. 10:23 What would the world be like without spiritual light?

26. Who’s responsibility was keeping the lamps burning? Lev. 24:2-4

27. What does Jn. 8:12 say about light?

28. What statements are made concerning light? Jn. 1:4-5

29. By Samuel’s time what may have changed? I Sam. 3:3; Ex. 27:20

30. Why do we view Oil as a symbol of the Holy Spirit? (See Question 13)

31. In what way is light and fellowship connected? I Jn. 1:7

32. What does the light give us and why? Rom. 13:12

33. Who was the witness and what does the light do? Jn. 1:6-9

34. What’s the purpose of being saved?

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THE ALTAR OF INCENSE:

Incense is a fragrant smoke from the burning of a prepared material that descends upward.

History: It was widely used in the Near East and dates back to even 2000 B.C. It was thought to reinforce (at times) prayers of petition: during a battle a pagan city had their priests burning incense on the walls.

  1. (Ex. 30:1) What was the purpose of this altar?
  2. (Ex. 30:2) What was the size of the altar? Compare it to the size of the bronze altar of

Ex. 27:1

3. (Ex. 30:1-5) Of what was it made?

4. (Ex. 30:6) Where was it to be placed in the tabernacle?

5. (Ex. 30:7-8) By whom and how often was incense to be burned?

6. (Ex.30:9) What restriction was placed upon the type of incense to made?

7. (Ex. 30:9) What may each of the non-accepted incense materials have represented? Why would God place such restrictions on incense?

8. (Ex. 30:10) Why would the altar of incense need an atonement made upon the horns of it once a year?

9. (Lev. 2:2-11) What purpose is given for burning incense?

10. The word perfume comes from the same word translated incense. In Prov. 27:9 what could we say incense brings?

11. (Song of Sol. 3:6) To what is the smoke/smell of incense compared? .

12. (II Chron. 16:14; 21:19) When was incense burned? What may have been the purpose?

13. (Mal. 1:11) What seems to be the topic in the incense?

14. (I Kings 11:8; 22:43) What also was the burning of incense used for?

15. (II Kings 18:4; Num. 21:9) Who was incense burned to?

-Page 6-

16. (Lev. 2:1-2) Why was it important that only a select group of men could attend this duty? Who are God’s priests now?

17. (Num. 16:31-32; Lev. 10:1-2; II Chron. 26:16-21) Exactly how serious was following God’s instructions for offering of incense?

18. Consider what each of the following verses present incense as symbolizing and how each is important in our spiritual lives.

II Cor. 2:14______________________________________________

Phil. 4:18 _______________________________________________

Rev. 5:8; 8:3 ____________________________________________

19. (Ps. 141:2; Luke 1:9-10) To what is incense again connected?

20. (Num. 16:36-48) What was the censer of incense used to do?

What was this a form of doing (sweet smelling smoke going upward but also mingling through-out all the people)?

21. (Num. 16:6-11, 17-19) What are some key factors in how God showed His selection of His leaders?

22. What lessons can we learn from the altar of incense?

23. What does this impress upon us concerning our prayers and how we go about offering them to God?

TABERNACLE STUDY NO. 8 (Answers)

Lampstand & Altar of Incense

"I am the Light of the world"

1. Ex. 25:31-40 What different numbers are given? 2 branches, 3 branches, 3 bowls, 4

bowls, 6 branches, 7 Lamps

2. Nearly 600 Bible passages refer to the number 7. Babylonians regarded it as the

number of totality, completeness. It was the expression of the highest power, the greatest force. Note how the number 7 often has is used in a spiritual application.

Ex. 34:18 There were 7 days of eating unleavened bread

Lev. 23:34 Feast of tabernacles lasted 7 days

Num. 28:11 There were 7 lambs sacrificed

Lev. 14:7-8 Cleansing: Sprinkle the leper 7 times and to stay out of tent 7 days

II ‘Kings 5:10 Naaman to wash 7 times

Lev. 12:2 Women were unclean 7 days after giving birth

Gen. 29:20 Jacob served 7 years

Gen. 41:53 Egypt: 7 years of plenty, 7 years of famine

Josh. 6:1-8 Jericho: 7 priests, 7 trumpets, 7 days, 7 times around

Mt. 15:34, 37 There were 7 fish, 7 baskets

Rev. 1:4 Speaks of 7 churches

Dan. 9:24-25 70 weeks, 7 weeks

Luke 10:1 Jesus sent out 70

3. The Number 3: suggests Complete, ordered whole

Gen. 6:10 Noah had 3 sons

Job 1:2 Job had 7 sons & 3 daughters

Gen. 18:2 3 Messengers come to Abraham

Ex. 23:14 They shall have 3 feasts a year

Ps. 55:17 David prays 3 times a day

Mt. 4:3-8 Jesus tempted 3 times

Mt. 26:34-75 The 3 denials of Peter

Mt. 16:21 Raised the third day

Josh 22:22 Often 3 sets are given in Scripture; Lord God, he knows, & sin against

Rev. 1:4 Three tenses of Christ

Mt. 28:19 God’s three names of each of the three Persons

4. Number 4: 4 points of compass, all directions, 4 phases of the moon, completeness of range, comprehensive extent.

Jer. 49:36 Four winds from 4 quarters

Is. 11:12 Four corners of earth

Rev. 20:8 Gather from 4 quarters of earth to the battle

Gen. 2:10 Four rivers from the one leaving Eden

Jer. 15:3 Four kinds: sword, dogs, fowls, beasts

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Dan. 2:37: 4 things given; (V. 40) four kingdoms

Rev. 4:6 Four creatures before the throne

5. Number 12: a semi-sacred number (12tribes), “perfect number” unity, divine election,12 apostles = sent forth (witnesses). Represents Witness or Testimony.

Ex. 24:4 Twelve pillars for the 12 tribes

Ex. 28:21 The 12 stones on breastplate for the 12 tribes

Lev. 24:5 The 12 loaves in tabernacle

Num. 17:1-13 The 12 rods for each house and Aaron’s budded

Josh. 4:8-9 Joshua put up 12 stones

I Kings 18:31-32 Elijah took 12 stones to build his altar

Mt. 14:20 There was 12 baskets of food collected

Rev. 4:4 Two sets of 12 X 2 (24)

Acts 26:7 The 12 tribes

Mk. 3:14 The 12 Apostles appointed by Christ

Rev. 21:14 City has 12 foundations (note number of 12’s in chapter)

Rev. 7:4-8 Out of each tribe will be 12,000

Exod 25:31-37:

6. What was the lampstand (candlestick) made of? And thou shalt make a candlestick of

pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made:

7. Respond to the following statement: “The pure gold lampstand = the deity of the Lord

Jesus = the word of God because the word was God!”

8. How is it described? his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knobs/buds, and his

flowers, shall be of the same. And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side. It is estimated were 107 pounds of gold in stand and accessories.

9. What would be the purpose of the bowls? Hold the olive oil that would continually

burn

10. How many branches were to come out of the stand? Six.

11. How many lamps were there? Seven.

12. What was the purpose of the lamps? Num. 8:1-2 To give light over against the stand

and would light the tabernacle: as Christ lights church/us

13. The olive oil supplies the flame. According to Zech. 4:6 what may the oil represent?

See I Sam. 16:13; Is. 61:1; Acts 2:16-18; Acts 10:38

Because when Oil anointed someone then the Spirit came upon them in O.T. such as oil poured on Saul and Spirit taook charge of his life. The secret of success revealed in Zech 4:6 = "by my spirit, saith the LORD..." The Holy Spirit represents the oil in the lamp. The lampstand (symbol of testimony) is maintained by the HOLY SPIRIT of God. Where do we see this fulfilled in the NT?

14. What did the entire fixture look like? The lampstand was made to look like a tree.

15. What are the 3 things that are related to a tree? What may they represent? It had

members that demonstrated the 3 stages of life:

1) buds - potential

2) flowers - beauty

3) almonds – fruit. All 3 were present at the same time. The lampstand and members all pointed to the Lord. It was a "vehicle of light" of God, "I am the light of the world." The lampstand was a method of self-revelation(making God known to man). This is the purpose of "the word" in John 1:1. Tree = life

PAGE 3

16. (John 15: 1-4 ) What may the branches symbolize? Us, Christians. Note that the

number 6 seems to represent or is man’s number. What are the

branches to do? Every branch in Him is to bear fruit, if not it is taken away. Life that is lived out and flowing through the branches of the vine. The trunk of the vine is symbolized by the lampstand’s central shaft. It was meant to look like a tree trunk that He may bring forth fruit by the life of God flowing through the branches. See Zech. 3:8 Christ is the Branch; Rom. 11:16-24 Israel as the branch is broken off.

17. We must have the HOLY SPIRIT "filling the lamp for fuel" to be a light. In the holy

place, all 7 lamps were needed, not just one. Every believer is a lamp with the HOLY SPIRIT and all are needed to make God known. We receive the HOLY SPIRIT by being "justified by faith":

18. Our gracious High Priest must come often and "trim our wick" to restore the flame

and radiance of His light. It is a filthy, awful job to do. The picture of our Lord’s intercession for us if given by the incense going up from the altar to God for us as a pleasing fragrance.

19. What may come to the Hebrew’s mind when the saw the buds (knobs)? Num. 17:1-13

The buds on the lampstand take the mind back to Aaron’s rod that budded. From the tribe of Levi.

20. What may the buds illustrate? I Cor. 3:12 Christ is the foundation/trunk

1. a picture of Christ in resurrection life. Christ is the source and vehicle God

uses to provide the life of God to His own. The gold symbolizes the divine glory involved.

2. New life as God’s people freed from Egypt by the blood of a lamb, and new life we have as Christian who need to be careful what we build on it (I Cor. 3:12) Life coming from a dead stick or God’s choosing.

21. ZECH 4:1-6 Notice the similarity to the tabernacle lampstand. What is he told it is?

The Word of the Lord is the Light of the world.

22. Zech. 4:10 What does the seven lamps represent? The eyes of the Lord that run thru

the whole earth.

23. Zech. 4:11-14 What are the two olive branches? Two anointed ones that stand by the

Lord What could the golden oil be? God’s Word. This is the key to testimony and witness. The Holy Spirit came to testify of God.

24. According to Rev. 1:20, what did the lampstands that John saw represent? The 7

churches

25. Mt. 5:14-16; Jn 1:9; 3:19-20; Acts 26:18; II Cor. 4:4-6; Eph. 5:8; Ex. 10:23 What

would the world be like without spiritual light? The 7 lamps on the lampstand provide a lovely light in the holy place. The world would be a drab place without light.The quality of light fills the world with color. We use the metaphor "please shed some light on the problem." God is light - He adds color to life and meaning to eternity. Sin takes the color out of life and leads to darkness.

26. Who’s responsibility was keeping the lamps burning? Lev. 24:2-4 Aaron’s (priests)

responsibility to take care of the lamps. Total darkness in room otherwise

27. What does Jn. 8:12 say about light? Jesus is light of world

28. What statements are made concerning light? Jn. 1:4-5 Jesus’ life is light of all men.

And can’t be overcome.

29. By Samuel’s time what may have changed? I Sam. 3:3 They seem to let the lamps go

out which may have always been done. Ex. 27:20 Lamps to burn always and pure olive oil. They had gotten sloppy in physical care according to God’s commands and ALSO in the spiritual care of themselves and others.

30. Why do we view Oil as a symbol of the Holy Spirit? (See Question 13) Darkness

without him. Some of the verses suggest it. Oil is fuel that burns to give the Light: Holy Spirit is the energy that gives/makes our light.

31. In what way is light and fellowship connected? I Jn. 1:7 Must walk in the light

(obedience) to have fellowship with each other. Holy Spirit also bonds us together as the common denominator.

32. What does the light give us and why? Rom. 13:12 Light gives an armor. Evil =

darkness. The Word is the Light.

33. Who was the witness and what does the light do? Jn. 1:6-9 John was witness of the

Light, Light that lights every man.

34. What’s the purpose of being saved? 1. saved from eternal damnation 2. to witness to

a dark world to see others saved. 3. Fellowship with God. 4. To have the ABUNDANT life here.

NOTE: page 4 is the page of pictures of the lampstand, incense altar, & ark of covenant.

PAGE 5:

THE ALTAR OF INCENSE:

Incense is a fragrant smoke from the burning of a prepared material that descends upward.

History: It was widely used in the Near East and dates back to even 2000 B.C. It was thought to reinforce (at times) prayers of petition: during a battle a pagan city had their priests burning incense on the walls.

  1. (Ex. 30:1) What was the purpose of this altar? To burn incense upon it.
  2. (Ex. 30:2) What was the size of the altar? Compare it to the size of the bronze altar of

Ex. 27:1 Incense was 18 X 18 X 36 inches, just big enough to burn incense upon and not sacrifice. The bronze was about 7.5 feet X 7.5 feet X 4.5 feet high.

It is interesting to know that at a Catholic funeral the priest will go around shaking a smoky censer!

3. (Ex. 30:1-5) Of what was it made? Wood overlaid with gold having 4 rings to put staves in to transport it.

4. (Ex. 30:6) Where was it to be placed in the tabernacle? Just outside the veil

5. (Ex. 30:7-8) By whom and how often was incense to be burned? By Aaron, every morning and evening.

6. (Ex.30:9) What restriction was placed upon the type of incense to made? No STRANGE one, nor burnt offering, nor meal offering, nor drink offering. These were not according to the strict commanded one given by God.

7. (Ex. 30:9) What may each of the non-accepted incense materials have represented? Why would God place such restrictions on incense? They also were sin offering done on the bronze altar of sacrifice which was a type of Christ. There must be no confusing of what saves and what has to do with communion and fellowship with God. To think that praising. Thanking, etc saves then tries to combine the two.

8. (Ex. 30:10) Why would the altar of incense need an atonement made upon the horns of it once a year? Cleanse even the altar from sin pollution’s.

9. (Lev. 2:2-11) What purpose is given for burning incense? As a memorial to God, a sweet savor to Lord V. 12. Leftovers became the priest’s food. Prayers and praise to God of people “feed” nourish, sustain the priests.

10. The word perfume/odor comes from the same word translated incense. In Prov. 27:9 what could we say incense brings? Joy.

11. (Song of Sol. 3:6) To what is the smoke/smell of incense compared? Loved person coming. As bringing a pleasant smell or sweet savor

12. (II Chron. 16:14; 21:19) When was incense burned? At funerals What may have been the purpose? Cover smell, As a memorial giving praise to the dead person, honoring them.

13. (Mal. 1:11) What seems to be the topic in the incense? Honor God and His greatness.

14. (I Kings 11:8; 22:43) What also was the burning of incense used for? Part of False worship.

15. (II Kings 18:4; Num. 21:9) Who was incense burned to? The bronze serpent, so even those who started out knowing the truth drifted into doing something that was a superstition and polluted the true burning of incense.

PAGE 6:

16. (Lev. 2:1-2) Why was it important that only a select group of men could attend this duty? God was showing that only those He approves and selects approach Him at that time period. It is an honor to have that privilege. Who are God’s priests now? All believers.

17. (Num. 16:31-32; Lev. 10:1-2; II Chron. 26:16-21) Exactly how serious was following God’s instructions for offering of incense? Deadly

18. Consider what each of the following verses present incense as symbolizing and how each is important in our spiritual lives.

II Cor. 2:14 the Knowledge of Christ

Phil. 4:18 Philippian’s offering to Paul: Care of other Believers

Rev. 5:8; 8:3 Sweet smell of Saint’s prayers raising to God

19. (Ps. 141:2; Luke 1:9-10) To what is incense again connected? Praying

20. (Num. 16:36-48) What was the censer of incense used to do? Stop a plague that came as the result of murmuring. What was this a form of doing (sweet smelling smoke going upward but also mingling through-out all the people)? Intercessory prayer.

21. (Num. 16:6-11, 17-19) What are some key factors in how God showed His selection of His leaders? The censers of incense were a deciding item. Murmuring against Leaders was disqualifying of the Korah priests.

22. What lessons can we learn from the altar of incense? Prayers of intercession are important to God. Murmuring limits us as priests in that capacity.

23. What does this study of the altar of incense impress upon us concerning our prayers

and how we go about offering them to God?

TABERNACLE STUDY NO. 9

THE VEIL

1. Gen. 24:65 What was a veil used to do in that culture? What may have been the

purpose?

2. Ex. 34:29-35 What did Moses use a veil for and why?

3. II Cor. 3:13-18 What is the illustration of the veil used to teach?

Exod 26:31-33

4. Ex. 26:31 And thou shalt make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined

linen of skillful work: with cherubims shall it be made: Note there are two types of spun linen thread, one is a coarser “canvas” and the other softer “tablecloth” type. Describe what the veil looked like:

5. Gen. 3:24 What was the purpose of the first appearance of a cherubim?

6. How may the cherubim have spoken a warning to the priest and others by being

symbolically woven into the veil? See Lev. 16:2 ( Warning of death to priest if directions aren’t followed.)

7. How does the cherubim also represent a provision of God’s mercy both in the Garden

gate and on the veil where the second mention of a cherubim is made?

8. Lev. 16:2-14 Gives a series of careful directions for the ministry of the priest. What

must the priest first do before entering the holiest of holy? What would have happened if he had not followed those directions?

9. Ex. 26:34 The next scene involving the cherubim was the Mercy Seat. What would

they be the witnesses of? What was the critical duty of the priest concerning the mercy seat and without it God would not be satisfied?

10. John 20: 11-12 How may this scene also be similar to the 2 cherubims over the blood

sprinkled mercy seat?

11. Ex. 26:33 What was the purpose of the veil and why was this necessary?

12. Heb. 6:16-19 what is the anchor for the soul we are to know and use?

A. immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath:

B. it was impossible for God to lie

13. Heb. 6:19 Where are those promises found?

-page 2-

14. Heb. 6:20 Who has already entered the Holiest of holy? How has He fulfilled all the

conditions necessary?

15. Heb. 9:3-5 What is mentioned as found behind the second veil?

16. Heb. 9:6 How often did priests enter the first section of the tabernacle? Daily

17. Heb. 9:7 How often could the high priest enter the holiest of holy (holy of holies)?

What were the conditions? Note how many times the conditions of blood stressed

18. Heb. 9:8 What was not yet revealed and when was it revealed?

19. Mt. 27:50-51 At what point in time was the Temple veil ripped in two? Why is that

so significant in understanding Heb. 9:8?

20. Heb. 10:19 Who may now enter into the holiest of holy and why is this now possible?

21. Heb. 10:20 Who consecrated the new way? The old “through the veil” is now

accomplished by what? Why is that now true?

22. Heb 10:21-22 Comparing the warning of Lev. 16:2 and the instructions given there

with what our High priest has done, what can we draw near to God having?

Compare the “sprinkled heart” with a yearly sprinkled mercy seat:

Compare the image of the tabernacle priest entering the glory of God after washing in the laver:

23. Respond to the following statements: The way to heaven is now open to all!

God is present in His "heavenly tabernacle",

Christ can lift our heart into presence of God now.

24. Rev. 21:3 & I Cor. 6:19-20 Compare the two concepts of God being with you, and

God being in you as within the Old Testament tabernacle, the present day church, and the future period of time.

25. What does it mean to you, knowing that the veil has been opened for us to enter

God’s presence? How may we practice that?

26. The Veil is the last entrance that the priest had to go through to enter before he was

in the Presence of God. The last enemy of God’s people was death. Christ has burst through the portals of death removing its sting. How good to know when we depart this scene we shall enter through the Veil and be before God in love. "AND SO SHALL WE EVER BE WITH THE LORD." AMEN!

TABERNACLE STUDY NO. 9

THE VEIL

ANSWERS

1. Gen. 24:65 What was a veil used to do in that culture? What may have been the

purpose?

Rebekah covers her face when first meets Isaac so he can’t see it

2. Ex. 34:29-35 What did Moses use a veil for and why?

Moses uses a veil to hide shine of his face

3. II Cor. 3:13-18 What is the illustration of the veil used to teach?

Used to illustrate the blocking of the glory of God. The blindness of the mind is as a veil separating/blocking God’s presence. Saved now see the Glory and manifest that glory as did Moses UNVEILED.

Exod 26:31-33

4. Ex. 26:31 And thou shalt make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined

linen of skillful work: with cherubims shall it be made: Note there are two types of spun linen thread, one is a coarser “canvas” and the other softer “tablecloth” type. Describe what the veil looked like:

The blue, is the color of the Heavenlies. The purple, is the royal color, the robe of the King! The scarlet, the pouring out of His life in sacrifice! The fine twined linen, the perfection of His character.

5. Gen. 3:24 What was the purpose of the first appearance of a cherubim?

It is very interesting to note the appearances of the cherubim in Scripture. Their first appearance is in Genesis 3. To protect the Tree of Life God posted cherubim at the gate of the Garden of Eden. Man was exiled from the garden, an act that prevented him from eating of the Tree of Life, lest he be locked in his sinful state forever. When we consider these angelic messengers, especially with flaming sword in hand, we tend to think of judgment.

6. How may the cherubim have spoken a warning to the priest and others by being

symbolically woven into the veil? See Lev. 16:2 ( Warning of death to priest if directions aren’t followed.)

We find the next mention of the cherubim here in the tabernacle, symbolically woven into the veil between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place. Certainly they were there to speak to the heart of the ministering priest, saying, "Do not enter here", but the veil also allowed God to be near His people. "Come this far, but no farther. God dwells on the other side." Yes,

7. How does the cherubim also represent a provision of God’s mercy both in the Garden

gate and on the veil where the second mention of a cherubim is made?

Yet the cherubim were a provision of God’s mercy. The cherubim kept men out, but allowed God to come near.

8. Lev. 16:2-14 Gives a series of careful directions for the ministry of the priest. What

must the priest first do before entering the holiest of holy? What would have happened if he had not followed those directions?

9. Ex. 26:34 The next scene involving the cherubim was the Mercy Seat. What would

they be the witnesses of? What was the critical duty of the priest concerning the mercy seat and without it God would not be satisfied?

Here the cherubim were on either side of the Mercy Seat witnessing the offering of blood. Again this is a picture: the High Priest alone could enter the Most Holy Place, never without blood, He could enter, knowing that the blood would satisfy the claims of God and that the cherubim looked at God’s provision, not at the priest.

10. John 20: 11-12 How may this scene also be similar to the 2 cherubims over the blood

sprinkled mercy seat?

Isn’t it remarkable to when we think of the two angels the Gospel of John

speaks of , in chapter 20, one at the head and one at the foot of the spot where the body of Jesus had lain. Could this be the fulfillment of the task of the cherubim, not now with flaming sword keeping people out, but with a word of good news, "He is not here: He is risen"?

V, 32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of acacia wood

overlaid with gold: their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver.

11. Ex. 26:33 What was the purpose of the veil and why was this necessary?

V. 33 And thou shalt hang up the veil under the clasps, that thou mayest bring in thither within the veil the ark of the testimony: and the veil shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy. (KJV)

12. Heb. 6:16-19 what is the anchor for the soul we are to know and use?

A. immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath:

B. it was impossible for God to lie

Heb 6:16-20 For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.

V. 17 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to show unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath:

V. 18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to

lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:

V. 19 Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;

13. Heb. 6:19 Where are those promises found? Within the veil

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14. Heb. 6:20 Who has already entered the Holiest of holy? How has He fulfilled all the

conditions necessary?

V. 20 Where the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 9:3-8

15. Heb. 9:3-5 What is mentioned as found behind the second veil?

V. 3And after the second veil, the tabernacle, which is called the Holiest of all,

V. 4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, in which was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;

V. 5 And over it the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

16. Heb. 9:6 How often did priests enter the first section of the tabernacle? Daily

V. 6 Now when these things were thus prepared, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.

17. Heb. 9:7 How often could the high priest enter the holiest of holy (holy of holies)?

What were the conditions? Note how many times the conditions of blood stressed

V. 7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people,

18. Heb. 9:8 What was not yet revealed and when was it revealed?

V. 8 The Holy Spirit thus signifying that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while the first tabernacle was yet standing;

19. Mt. 27:50-51 At what point in time was the Temple veil ripped in two? Why is that

so significant in understanding Heb. 9:8?

20. Heb. 10:19 Who may now enter into the holiest of holy and why is this now possible?

Heb 10:19-22 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,

This hope is not human "wishful thinking" but anticipation of a sure thing, something divine = Heb 6:19, "anchored fast in heaven" = within the veil. Our "hope" is not anchored in ourselves, the earth, human government, wealth, etc. but in the ETERNAL.

21. Heb. 10:20 Who consecrated the new way? The old “through the veil” is now

accomplished by what? Why is that now true?

V. 20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

The teaching of the veil could not be stated any clearer, "that is to say, His flesh". What we have in view here then is the Person of Christ. What beauty there is in our Blessed Lord, oh! The colors of His life!

22. Heb 10:21-22 Comparing the warning of Lev. 16:2 and the instructions given there

with what our High priest has done, what can we draw near to God having?

Compare the “sprinkled heart” with a yearly sprinkled mercy seat:

Compare the image of the tabernacle priest entering the glory of God after washing in the laver:

V. 21 And having an high priest over the house of God;

V. 22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

23. Respond to the following statements:

The way to heaven is now open to all!

God is present in His "heavenly tabernacle"

Christ can lift our heart into presence of God now.

= "I’ve been to heaven today already." Christ entered as our

forerunner through the veil = our assurance of salvation = our hope!

24. Rev. 21:3 & I Cor. 6:19-20 Compare the two concepts of God being with you, and

God being in you as within the Old Testament tabernacle, the present day church, and the future period of time.

Rev 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

25. What does it mean to you, knowing that the veil has been opened for us to enter

God’s presence? How may we practice that?

26. The Veil is the last entrance that the priest had to go through to enter before he was

in the Presence of God. The last enemy of God’s people was death. Christ has burst through the portals of death

removing its sting. How good to know when we depart this scene we shall enter through the Veil and be before God in love. "AND SO SHALL WE EVER BE WITH THE LORD." AMEN!