JAMES CHAPTERS 1 & 2

FAITH WITHOUT WORKS IS DEAD

OBSERVATION STAGE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The purpose of the observation stage is to maintain focus on the text at hand within the normative rules of language, context and logic which limits the observer to the content offered by the book of James. This will serve to avoid going on unnecessary tangents elsewhere; and more importantly, it will provide the framework for a proper and objective comparison with passages located elsewhere in Scripture.

Remember that something elsewhere may be true, but in the text at hand it may not be in view.

A careful observation of chapter one is key to understanding chapter 2, so let's take a look at chapters one and two in their entirety to see what we can observe from them before going elsewhere.

I) [Jas 1:1]:

A) AUTHOR JAMES DECLARES HE IS A SERVANT/SLAVE OF GOD AND OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST, I.E., HE IS A BELIEVER

B) JAMES' LETTER IS ADDRESSED TO PEOPLE FROM THE TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL WHO WERE SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD DWELLING AMONG THE GENTILE NATIONS

II) [Jas 1:1-4]:

A) JAMES ADDRESSES HIS READERS AS BROTHERS, I.E., BELIEVERS IN JESUS CHRIST, IDENTIFYING HIMSELF AS A FELLOW BELIEVER IN CHRIST

B) THE SCATTERED TWELVE TRIBES OF CHRISTIAN BRETHREN WERE EVIDENTLY FACING TRIALS OF MANY KINDS - TRIALS OF DIFFICULTY AND PERSECUTION ARE IN VIEW

C) CONSIDER IT ALL JOY TO FACE EXTERNAL TRIALS OF ALL KINDS BECAUSE IT IS ALREADY KNOWN THAT SUCH TESTING OF ONES FAITH DEVELOPS PERSEVERANCE UNTO MATURITY AND COMPLETION AS A BELIEVER - A MESSAGE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE BEHAVIOR OF BELIEVERS, I.E., ISRAELITE CHRISTIAN BELIEVERS ARE IN VIEW

D) TRIALS ARE TO BE EXPECTED AND COUNTED AS JOY NOT EVIDENCE AND PUNISHMENT FOR SOME KIND OF FAILURE OR UNWARRANTED DISASTER IN THE BELIEVER'S LIFE

E) THE CONTEXT OF FACING TRIALS TO TEST ONES FAITH CORROBORATES JAMES' AUDIENCE AS SCATTERED AND PERSECUTED CHRISTIAN ISRAELITE BELIEVERS NOT ISRAELITES BEFORE CHRIST CAME TO EARTH

F) PERSEVERANCE UNTO THE MATURITY AND COMPLETENESS OF ONES FAITH IS IN VIEW

G) PERSEVERANCE TO PROVE OUT ONES FAITH OR AS A REQUIREMENT FOR 'TRUE FAITH' IS NOT IN VIEW

III) [Jas 1:2-5]:

A) THE BELIEVER IS TO DISCERN IF HE LACKS WISDOM RELATIVE TO THE END OF PERSERVING THROUGH TESTING AND THEN ASK GOD FOR THIS WISDOM - FOR SUCH DISCERNMENT IS KEY TO PERSEVERANCE

B) JAMES TELLS BELIEVERS THAT GOD WILL NOT FIND FAULT WITH THOSE WHO ASK FOR WISDOM RATHER ONE WILL BE GIVEN IT GENEROUSLY

IV) [Jas 1:2-6]:

A) MATURING ONES FAITH IS IN VIEW, NOT FALSE FAITH VS TRUE FAITH

B) ONE MUST NOT DOUBT GOD WHEN ONE ASKS FOR WISDOM FOR THIS WILL DEFEAT ONES PURPOSE AND THWART PROGRESS TOWARD PERSEVERING UNDER TRIALS TOWARD MATURITY AND COMPLETENESS

C) ONE MUST NOT DOUBT GOD - IF HE DOES HE IS LIKE A WAVE BLOWN AND TOSSED BY THE WIND, HIS LACK OF FAITH DISABLES HIS PATH TO PERSEVERANCE, MATURITY AND COMPLETENESS AS A BELIEVER

D) THE ISSUE IS NOT ONLY TO TRUST IN GOD TO PROVIDE ONE WITH THE MEANS TOWARD THE END OF PERSEVERING UNDER TRIAL BUT TO TRUST THAT WHATEVER GOD DOES PROVIDE IS SUFFICIENT FOR ONE TO PERSEVERE TOWARD THAT END

E) GOD'S WISDOM FOR PERSEVERING THROUGH TESTING IS PROVIDED THROUGH THE TESTING AND AFFIRMS THAT ONE IS A BELIEVER

V) [Jas 1:5-8]:

A) ONE WHO ASKS GOD AND DOUBTS WILL NOT RECEIVE WHAT HE ASKS FOR - HE IS DOUBLE MINDED AND UNSTABLE IN ALL THAT HE DOES. HE IS ON THE PATH TO SELF-DESTRUCTION OF HIS LIFE BEFORE GOD AND ETERNITY

VI) [Jas 1:2-9]:

A) BEING IN HUMBLE (POOR) CIRCUMSTANCES IS IN VIEW AS A TRIAL TO PERSEVERE UNDER

B) THE CONTEXT OF PERSEVERING UNDER TRIAL CONTINUES WITH A VIEW TO WISDOM FROM GOD WHICH ONE IN HUMBLE CIRCUMSTANCES OUGHT TO RECOGNIZE AND TAKE PRIDE IN HIS HIGH POSITION BEFORE GOD AND ETERNITY

C) THE BROTHER IN HUMBLE CIRCUMSTANCES OUGHT TO TAKE PRIDE IN HIS HIGH POSITION OF ETERNAL LIFE WHICH IS FROM GOD HENCE THE FOCUS IS ON THE GRACE OF GOD AND NOT ON ONES TEMPORAL POSITION, ENABLING THE BROTHER TO PERSEVERE THROUGH TRIALS UNTO MATURITY AND COMPLETION

D) IN VIEW OF THE CONTEXT THAT A BELIEVER IN HUMBLE CIRCUMSTANCES IS TO TAKE PRIDE IN HIS HIGH ETERNAL POSITION OVER HIS LOW TEMPORAL CIRCUMSTANCE CORROBORATES THE CONTEXT THAT JAMES' AUDIENCE IS BORN AGAIN BELIEVERS

VII) [Jas 1:2-11]:

A) THE CONTEXT OF PERSEVERING UNDER TRIAL CONTINUES WITH THE TEST OF RICHES IN CONTRAST TO BEING MATERIALLY POOR IN A BELIEVER'S LIFE

B) A BROTHER WHO IS RICH SHOULD VIEW HIS WEALTHY, TEMPORAL POSITION AS A LOW ONE WITH PRIDE. IT IS A TEST TOWARD PERSEVERANCE TO MATURITY AND COMPLETENESS. HE WILL PASS AWAY LIKE A WILD FLOWER WITH A VIEW TO A HIGH ETERNAL POSITION BEFORE GOD

C) IN VIEW OF THE CONTEXT THAT WEALTHY BELIEVERS ARE TO FOCUS ON THEIR ETERNAL DESTINY IN PRIORITY OVER THEIR TEMPORAL WEALTHY STATUS CORROBORATES THE CONTEXT THAT JAMES' AUDIENCE IS BORN AGAIN BELIEVERS

D) THE WEALTHY BELIEVER'S ETERNAL POSITION IS TO SERVE TO DIVERT HIS ATTENTION FROM AN UNWARRANTED FOCUS ON HIS WEALTHY TEMPORAL STATUS ENABLING HIM TO PERSEVERE THROUGH TRIALS FOR HE WILL PASS AWAY LIKE A WILD FLOWER AND IT WILL BE GONE

VIII) [Jas 1:2-12]:

A) THE SUBJECT OF PERSEVERING UNDER TRIAL CONTINUES

B) PERSERVERING UNDER TRIAL WILL BE REWARDED WITH THE CROWN OF LIFE WITH THE IMPLICATION THAT THIS PERSEVERANCE PROVES OUT ONES LOVE FOR GOD - A KEY POINT OF THE WISDOM OF GOD FOR THE TESTED BELIEVER TO KEEP IN MIND AS HE UNDERGOES TESTING

C) THE CONTEXT IS OF A ONE TIME REWARD OF THE CROWN OF LIFE FOR A LIFESTYLE OF PERSEVERANCE THROUGH MANY TRIALS WHEREIN ONE IS DECLARED AS HAVING STOOD THE TEST OF ONES WHOLE LIFE. IT IS EXEMPLIFIED AS A LIFESTYLE OF LOVING GOD

D) THOSE WHO EXEMPLIFY A LIFESTYLE OF PERSEVERANCE UNDER TRIALS ARE DEMONSTRATING THEIR LOVE OF GOD AND ARE AMONG THOSE WHO RECEIVE THE CROWN OF LIFE

IX) [Jas 1:2-13]:

A) GOD'S HOLY AND PERFECT NATURE CANNOT RESPOND TO TEMPTATION TO DO EVIL

B) WHEN A BELIEVER WHO IS UNDERGOING TESTING IS TEMPTED TO DO EVIL, HE SHOULD NOT SAY 'GOD IS TEMPTING ME' - HE HAS STOPPED SHORT OF PERSEVERANCE AND FAILED THE TEST

C) SOURCES OF TEMPTATION TO DO EVIL INCLUDE THE WORLD, THE DEVIL AND HIS DEMONS, ALL INDIVIDUALS - UNBELIEVERS AND BELIEVERS, BUT NEVER GOD

D) SINCE SUBJECTIVE TEMPTATION BY THE BELIEVER TO DO EVIL MUST COME OUTSIDE OF GOD THEN ONE MUST CONCLUDE THAT THE BELIEVER HAS A CAPACITY TO BE TEMPTED TO DO EVIL AS PART OF HIS NATURE

E) ALTHOUGH GOD IS NOT THE SOURCE OF ANY KIND OF TEMPTATION TO GET SOMEONE TO DO EVIL, HE PERMITS IT IN ORDER THAT BELIEVERS CAN PERSEVERE UNDER SUCH TESTING TOWARD MATURITY

X) [Jas 1:13-14]:

A) THE SUBJECTIVE, I.E., PERSONAL SOURCE OF TEMPTATION TO DO EVIL IS THE EVIL DESIRE, I.E., SIN NATURE WITHIN THE INDIVIDUAL NOT GOD - ALL INDIVIDUALS, EVEN BELIEVERS HAVE SIN NATURES

B) THE BELIEVER IS TEMPTED TO DO EVIL BY BEING DRAGGED AWAY FROM THAT WHICH IS RIGHTEOUS BY HIS OWN DESIRES. HENCE HE IS ENTICED TO DO EVIL. HE HAS MADE A DECISION TO SIN

XI) [Jas 1:13-15]:

A) ONE IS SUBJECTIVELY, I.E., PERSONALLY, TEMPTED TO DO EVIL WHEN DRAWN AWAY FROM RIGHTEOUSNESS BY ONES EVIL DESIRES AND ENTICED TO RESPOND. SIN IS THEN CONCEIVED IN THE MIND WHEREUPON ONE ACTS UPON THAT MINDSET, GIVING BIRTH TO THAT SIN

B) WHEN SIN IS REPEATED TO THE EXTENT IT BECOMES A PATTERN IN THE BELIEVER'S LIFE, I.E, FULL-GROWN SIN, RESULTING IN PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH

C) ETERNAL DEATH DUE TO SIN IS NOT IN VIEW

XII) [Jas 1:13-17]:

A) STOP BEING DECEIVED, GOD DOES NOT TEMPT ANYONE TO DO EVIL. GOD HAS ALWAYS BEEN THE GIVER OF EVERY GOOD AND PERFECT GIFT THAT IS EVER RECEIVED - HE DOES NOT CHANGE

B) GOD THE FATHER FROM WHOM COMES EVERY GOOD AND PERFECT GIFT FROM HEAVEN ABOVE IS CREATOR AND SUSTAINER OF THE HEAVENLY LIGHTS, I.E., PLANETS, SUN, STARS, COMETS

C) GOD THE FATHER FROM WHOM COMES EVERY GOOD AND PERFECT GIFT FROM HEAVEN ABOVE, WHO IS SUSTAINER OF THE HEAVENLY LIGHTS, DOES NOT CHANGE LIKE THE SHIFTING SHADOWS OF THOSE HEAVENLY BODIES

XIII) [Jas 1:17-18]:

A) A KEY REASON FOR PROVING THAT GOD IS NOT THE AUTHOR OF TEMPTATION TO DO EVIL IS THAT GOD CHOSE BEFORE ALL THINGS CERTAIN ONES FROM AMONG HUMANITY WHO EVIDENCE THIS CHOICE WHEN THEY BECOME BELIEVERS TO GIVE THEM THE GOOD AND PERFECT GIFT OF SPIRITUAL BIRTH. IT WOULD THUS BE OUT OF CHARACTER IF GOD, WHO NEVER CHANGES, TEMPTED ONE TO DO EVIL

B) GOD CHOSE BEFORE ALL THINGS CERTAIN ONES FROM AMONG HUMANITY - WHO EVIDENCE THIS CHOICE WHEN THEY INEVITABLY DECIDE OF THEIR OWN FREE WILL TO BECOME BELIEVERS TO GIVE THEM THE GOOD AND PERFECT GIFT OF SPIRITUAL BIRTH. PHYSICAL BIRTH IS NOT IN VIEW

C) THE SECOND BIRTH IS UNTO ETERNAL LIFE/SALVATION, GIVEN AS A GIFT BY GOD SOLELY OUT OF THE WILL OF GOD TO BELIEVERS THROUGH THE WORD OF TRUTH, THE BIBLE - FAITH ALONE IN WHAT THE WORD OF TRUTH PRESENTS TO MAN ON THIS MATTER IS WHAT RESULTS IN THE SECOND BIRTH TO THE EXCLUSION OF MAN'S WILL AND ANY HUMAN DOING

D) GOD'S PURPOSE IN BIRTHING BELIEVERS IS THAT THEY MIGHT BE A KIND OF FIRSTFRUITS - A FORETASTE OF THE ETERNAL WORLD OF RIGHTEOUSNESS TO COME

E) BELIEVERS HAVE BEEN BIRTHED BY GOD AS FIRSTFRUITS OF HIS CREATURES WITH A VIEW TO THE ETERNITY FUTURE - AN IMPLICATION OF THE ETERNAL SECURITY OF THE BORN AGAIN BELIEVER

XIV) [Jas 1:2-4, 17-20]:

A) THE PHRASE "SO THEN" CONTINUES THE CONTEXT OF BELIEVERS HAVING BEEN GIVEN THE GOOD AND PERFECT GIFT OF SPIRITUAL BIRTH BY GOD AS A GIFT SO AS TO PERSEVERE UNDER TRIALS TO BRING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES

B) THERE IS IMPLIED AN OBLIGATION TO GOD OF THE ONE GIVEN THE GOOD AND PERFECT GIFT OF SPIRITUAL BIRTH TO LEAD A RIGHTEOUS LIFE WHICH GOD DESIRES

C) BELIEVERS ARE TO BE SWIFT TO HEAR AND SLOW TO SPEAK IN ORDER TO PERSEVERE UNDER TRIALS SO AS TO BRING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES

D) BELIEVERS ARE TO BE SWIFT TO HEAR AND SLOW TO SPEAK AND SLOW TO WRATH IN ORDER TO AVOID UNGODLY ANGER AND PERSEVERE UNDER TRIALS SO AS TO BRING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES

XV) [Jas 1:2-4; 19-21]:

A) WITH THE WORD 'THEREFORE', THE CONTEXT OF BELIEVERS PERSEVERING UNDER TRIAL BRINGING ABOUT IN THEIR OWN LIVES THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES CONTINUES WITH THE STIPULATION THAT HAVING LAID ASIDE ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL AS ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR ONE IS TO INSTEAD MEEKLY, I.E., WITH OBEDIENCE IN AN ONGOING FASHION - HUMBLY ACCEPT THE WORD PLANTED IN THEM WHICH CAN SAVE THEIR SOULS, I.E., THEIR LIVES FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH

1) [Compare Jas 1:25]:

B) INDIVIDUALS HAVING THE IMPLANTED WORD, I.E., THE WORD OF TRUTH, ARE BORN AGAIN, I.E., BELIEVERS. UNBELIEVERS ARE NOT IN VIEW

C) GETTING RID OF ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL IN ONES EXPERIENCE, I.E., SINLESS PERFECTION IS NOT IN VIEW - ESPECIALLY UNTO ETERNAL LIFE;

WHAT IS IN VIEW IS AN ONGOING DECISION, EACH TIME HAVING LAID ASIDE THE ENTERTAINMENT OF ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL IN ONES LIFE, TO DECIDE INSTEAD TO RECEIVE WITH HUMBLE OBEDIENCE THE IMPLANTED WORD

D) THE WORD "SOULS" IN THE PHRASE "WHICH CAN SAVE YOUR SOULS" REFERS TO ONES LIFE BEING SAVED FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH. IT DOES NOT REFER TO BEING SAVED UNTO ETERNAL LIFE

E) BELIEVERS HAVING LAID ASIDE THE ENTERTAINMENT ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL AS ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR, ARE TO INSTEAD RECEIVE WITH HUMBLE OBEDIENCE THE IMPLANTED WORD WHICH IS ABLE TO SAVE THEIR LIVES FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH

F) HAVING LAID ASIDE THE ENTERTAINMENT ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL AS ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR, AND INSTEAD OF THIS, BELIEVERS ARE TO RECEIVE WITH HUMBLE OBEDIENCE THE IMPLANTED WORD CONVEYS A PICTURE OF A PLANTING WITHIN ONESELF WHICH HAS TAKEN ROOT AND IS TO GROW NURTURED BY CONSTANTLY RECEIVING IT WITH HUMBLE OBEDIENCE

XVI) [Jas 1:15-22]:

A) RELATIVE TO THE GOAL OF HAVING LAID ASIDE ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL AND BEING SAVED FROM EARLY PHYSICAL DEATH THE BELIEVER MUST HUMBLY ACCEPT THE WORD PLANTED IN HIM INSTEAD OF ENTERTAINING THAT FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL IN HIS LIFE AS ACCEPTABLE

HUMBLE ACCEPTANCE MEANS THAT THEY MUST NOT MERELY LISTEN TO THE WORD, BUT ALSO DO WHAT IT SAYS

B) THE WORD, I.E., THE BIBLE MUST BE ACTIVELY LISTENED TO AND OBEYED AS A MATTER OF COURSE, IT ISN'T SIMPLY IMPLANTED IN A BELIEVER. EACH BIT OF INFORMATION FROM GOD'S WORD MUST BE HEARD AND ACCEPTED IN ORDER FOR IT TO BE IMPLANTED IN ONE

XVII) [Jas 1:21-24]:

A) JUST AS IT IS ABSURD FOR ONE TO SCRUTINIZE HIS FACE IN A MIRROR AND THEN FORGET WHAT HE LOOKS LIKE WHEN HE WALKS AWAY SO IT IS RIDICULOUS FOR ONE TO SCRUTINIZE THE WORD OF TRUTH, THE BIBLE, AND THEN NOT DO IT

XVIII) [Jas 1:18, 21-25]:

A) THE PHRASE "PERFECT LAW THAT GIVES FREEDOM" REFERS TO THE WORD OF TRUTH, NOT TO THE LAW OF MOSES

B) ONE IS TO CONTINUOUSLY STUDY THE WORD OF TRUTH, THE BIBLE AND DO WHAT IS SAYS AND THEREBY BE BLESSED IN ALL THAT ONE DOES

C) CONTINUALLY STUDYING AND APPLYING THE WORD OF GOD IS THE KEY TO BEING BLESSED, SAVING ONESELF FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH AND ATTAINING THE RIGHTEOUSNESS THAT GOD DESIRES

D) LOOKING INTENTLY AT ONESELF IN THE MIRROR AND NOT WALKING AWAY FORGETTING WHAT ONE LOOKS LIKE IS PARALLELED WITH CONTINUOUSLY LOOKING INTENTLY INTO, I.E., STUDYING THE PERFECT LAW THAT GIVES FREEDOM, THE BIBLE, NOT FORGETTING WHAT ONE HAS HEARD, DOING IT UNTO BLESSING AND THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES

XIX) [Jas 1:19-22; 25-27]:

A) PERSONAL CONDUCT, ESPECIALLY PROPER USE OF THE TONGUE IS KEY TO ACCEPTABLE RELIGIOUS BEHAVIOR IN ORDER TO BRING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES

B) PERSONAL CONDUCT ESPECIALLY HELPING THE NEEDY AND KEEPING ONESELF FROM SIN IS RELIGION THAT IS ACCEPTABLE BY GOD AS PURE IN ORDER TO BRING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES

XX) [Jas 1:19-21; 26-27; 2:1]:

A) THE INTRODUCTION WHICH IS ALL OF CHAPTER ONE ANNOUNCED THE CENTRAL THEMES OF JAMES' LETTER WHEREUPON "MY BROTHERS, AS BELIEVERS IN OUR GLORIOUS LORD JESUS CHRIST" ANNOUNCES THE BEGINNING OF THE BODY OF THE LETTER IN VERSE 2:1

B) IN LIGHT OF PREVIOUS DISCUSSION OF BRINGING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES AND THEIR FAITH IN THE LORD JESUS CHRIST, THE LORD OF GLORY, BELIEVERS ARE EXHORTED NOT TO SHOW FAVORITISM

C) JAMES EXHORTS BELIEVERS TO NOT SHOW FAVORITISM IMPLYING THAT 'TRUE' BELIEVERS CAN EVIDENCE NOT DOING GOOD WORKS AND STILL BE VIEWED AS BELIEVERS

XXI) [Jas 1:19-23; 25-27; 2:1-4]:

A) THE WORD RENDERED 'MEETING' REFERS TO A CHRISTIAN CONGREGATION, NOT A TRADITIONAL JEWISH SYNAGOGUE

B) "STAND THERE OR SIT ON THE FLOOR BY MY FEET" REFERS TO LESS PREFENTIAL SEATING FOR THE POOR MAN

C) MAKING THE DISTINCTION THAT ONE MAN IS BETTER THAN ANOTHER ON THE BASIS OF MATERIAL WEALTH IS DISCRIMINATORY AND JUDGMENTAL - BASED ON EVIL THOUGHTS

XXII) [Jas 2:1-5]:

A) INHERITING NOT INHABITING THE KINGDOM IS IN VIEW WHICH MATERIALLY POOR BELIEVERS LARGELY WILL DO VIA FAITHFULNESS DEMONSTRATING LOVE FOR GOD, BUT RICH BELIEVERS WILL GENERALLY NOT CHOOSE TO DO SO

1) [Compare Jas 1:17-18]:

2) [Compare Jas 1:9-12]:

3) [Compare Jas 1:18]:

B) THOSE THAT LOVE GOD ARE THOSE WHO DEMONSTRATE A LIFESTYLE OF PERSEVERING UNDER TRIALS UNTO COMPLETENESS SO AS TO PRODUCE THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES

1) [Compare Jas 1:12]:

C) GOD'S SOVEREIGNTY OF CHOOSING THE POOR TO BE HEIRS OF THE KINGDOM AND BELIEVERS' FREE WILL CHOICE TO PERSEVERE UNDER TRIALS UNTO THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES RESULTING IN BECOMING AN HEIR TO THE KINGDOM ARE BOTH IN VIEW

XXIII) [Jas 2:1-7]:

A) THOSE WHO HAVE RICHES USUALLY ABUSE IT, YET THOSE NOT SO BLESSED ARE OFTEN DISHONORED BY THE RICH

1) [Compare Jas 1:9-11]:

XXIV) [Jas 1:12, 18-2:8]:

A) THE ROYAL LAW TO BRING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES IS TO LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF

B) THE PHRASE "ROYAL LAW" IMPLIES A RULE OF LIFE TO LIVE BY RELATIVE TO HOW ROYALTY SHOULD LIVE IMPLYING THAT PERSEVERING BELIEVERS WHO KEEP THE ROYAL LAW ARE TO BE VIEWED AS ROYALTY, I.E., HEIRS OF THE KINGDOM

XXV) [Jas 2:8-11]:

A) THE PHRASES "THE LAW", "THE WHOLE LAW" REFER TO A DIFFERENT LAW WHICH HAS MORE THAN ONE POINT, THE MOSAIC LAW

B) BELIEVERS WHO SHOW FAVORITISM OR ANY INFRACTION OF THE MOSAIC LAW AS A MEASURE OF THEIR BEHAVIOR ARE GUILTY AS LAWBREAKERS OF BREAKING THE WHOLE LAW - ALL BELIEVERS HENCE ARE CONVICTED AS SINNERS BEFORE GOD

XXVI) [Jas 1:25; 2:8-13]:

A) TO ACT IN ACCORDANCE WITH BEING FAVORABLY JUDGED UNDER THE "LAW THAT GIVES FREEDOM," THE WORD OF GOD, IS TO "KEEP THE ROYAL LAW FOUND IN SCRIPTURE, 'LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF,' [SO THAT] YOU ARE DOING RIGHT"

B) TO ACT IN ACCORDANCE WITH BEING FAVORABLY JUDGED UNDER THE "PERFECT LAW THAT GIVES FREEDOM" IS TO "KEEP THE ROYAL LAW FOUND IN SCRIPTURE, 'LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF,' [SO THAT] YOU ARE DOING RIGHT WHICH IS FURTHER CHARACTERIZED AS BEING MERCIFUL

C) ALTHOUGH BELIEVERS ARE ETERNALLY SECURE, THEIR LIVES WILL NEVERTHELESS BE JUDGED BY GOD NOT RELATIVE TO ETERNAL LIFE, BUT RELATIVE TO TEMPORAL DISCIPLINE AND ETERNAL REWARDS. GOD'S JUDGMENT WILL BE WITHOUT MERCY TO ANY WHO HAVE NOT BEEN MERCIFUL

XXVII) [Jas 1:14-18, 21; 2:14]:

A) THERE IS NO DISTINCTION AS TO KINDS OR DEGRESS OF FAITH, ONLY DIFFERENCES AS TO THE CONTENT OF WHAT ONE BELIEVES - TO EXPRESS FAITH IS TO ACCEPT AS TRUE

VERSE 14 IS PROPERLY RENDERED "CAN FAITH SAVE HIM" AND NOT "CAN SUCH FAITH SAVE HIM"

1) FAITH BELIEVE TRUST DEFINED

a) ENGLISH DICTIONARY DEFINITION OF FAITH

b) NT GREEK DICTIONARY DEFINITION OF FAITH

B) AUTHOR JAMES IMPLIES THAT SAVING FAITH WITHOUT WORKS DOES EXIST

1) [Compare Jas 2:1 NKJV]:

C) CHAPTER ONE IS THE INTRODUCTION TO JAMES' LETTER WHICH ANNOUNCES THE CENTRAL THEMES OF THE LETTER. IT MAKES NO MENTION OF ANY ISSUE BETWEEN TRUE FAITH/FALSE FAITH OR ANY DISTINCTION ABOUT KINDS OF FAITH - HENCE IT IS UNLIKELY THAT THE BODY OF THE EPISTLE PRESENTS SUCH AN ISSUE

D) THE WORD 'FAITH' IN 2:14 IS STIPULATED WITHOUT WORKS AND IS PORTRAYED AS EXISTING. IT WILL NOT PROFIT ONE IN THE TEMPORAL LIFE NOR SAVE ONE FROM EARLY PHYSICAL DEATH NOR TEMPORAL LOSS NOR PROVIDE ETERNAL REWARDS

E) THE CONTEXT OF CHAPTERS ONE AND TWO OF BEING SAVED FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH DUE TO FULL GROWN SIN, I.E., CONTINUAL UNFAITHFULNESS/NO WORKS HAS ALREADY BEEN ESTABLISHED. BEING SAVED UNTO ETERNAL LIFE VIA FAITHFUL DEEDS HAS NOT BEEN IN VIEW

F) THE WORD "SOULS" IN VERSE 1:21 IN THE PHRASE "WHICH CAN SAVE YOUR SOULS" REFERS TO ONES LIFE BEING SAVED FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH. IT DOES NOT REFER TO BEING SAVED UNTO ETERNAL LIFE

G) THE CONTEXT OF BELIEVERS PERSEVERING UNDER TRIAL BRINGING ABOUT THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES CONTINUES WITH THE STIPULATION THAT ONE IS TO LAY ASIDE THE ACCEPTABILITY OF ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL AND WITH HUMBLE OBEDIENCE (WORKS) ACCEPT THE WORD PLANTED IN THEM IN ORDER TO SAVE THEIR SOULS, I.E., THEIR LIVES FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH. HENCE FAITH WITHOUT WORKS WILL NOT SAVE ONE FROM DYING EARLY

1) [Compare Jas 1:25]:

H) FAITH WITHOUT WORKS WILL NOT SAVE ONE FROM EARLY PHYSICAL DEATH: A BELIEVER WHO DOES NOT DO WHAT THE IMPLANTED WORD SAYS, WHO DOES NOT LAY ASIDE ALL FILTHINESS AND ABUNDANCE OF EVIL AS ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR, WHEREIN SIN HAS BECOME FULL GROWN IN HIM, HAS NO WORKS - FAITH WITHOUT WORKS WILL NOT BE SAVED FROM EARLY PHYSICAL DEATH

XXVIII) [Jas 1:17-18; 2:14-17]:

A) AN EXAMPLE OF BELIEVERS NOT HELPING A NEEDY BROTHER AND SISTER CORROBORATES WHAT HAS BEEN PREVIOUSLY IN VIEW: THAT FAITH WITHOUT WORKS WILL NOT PROFIT OTHERS NOR ONESELF, NOR SAVE ONE FROM EARLY PHYSICAL DEATH, NOR FROM LOSS OF TEMPORAL BLESSINGS, NOR ETERNAL REWARDS

B) LOSING THE BENEFIT OF ETERNAL LIFE CANNOT BE IN VIEW SINCE ETERNAL LIFE HAS ALREADY BEEN ESTABLISHED IN THIS PASSAGE AS A GIFT BY FAITH WHICH IS ETERNALLY SECURE - NOT SUBJECT TO BE GAINED OR LOST BY THE EFFORTS OF MAN OR LACK THEREOF

1) The Second Birth Is Unto Eternal Life/Salvation, Given As A Gift By God Solely Out Of The Will Of God To Believers Through The Word Of Truth, The Bible - Faith Alone In What The Word Of Truth Presents To Man On This Matter Is What Results In The Second Birth To The Exclusion Of Man's Will And Any Human Doing

2) God's Purpose In Birthing Believers Is That They Might Be A Kind Of Firstfruits - A Foretaste Of The Eternal World Of Righteousness To Come, Testifying To The Eternal Security Of The Believer

C) THE PROFIT FROM FAITH WITH WORKS, LIKE HELPING OTHERS IN NEED, HAS ALREADY BEEN ESTABLISHED IN THE CONTEXT OF THIS PASSAGE AS TEMPORAL BLESSINGS, LIVING OUT THE LENGTH OF ONES LIFE AND ETERNAL REWARDS

D) FAITH WITHOUT WORKS IS STILL FAITH WHICH PROVIDED ETERNAL LIFE. NEVERTHELESS, IT IS DEAD 'IN THE SAME WAY' STIPULATED IN VV. 2:14-16 & BEFORE, I.E., UNPROFITABLE TO THE RECEPTION OF TEMPORAL BLESSINGS BY OTHERS AND ONESELF; WILL NOT SAVE ONE FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH; AND USELESS IN PROVIDING ETERNAL REWARDS

1) DEATH DEFINED

a) [Compare Jas 2:17 vs. 2:20]:

E) DEAD FAITH CANNOT BE FALSE FAITH ANY MORE THAN DEAD SIN IS FALSE SIN. IN THE SAME WAY THAT SIN WITHOUT THE LAW IS INACTIVE, SO FAITH WITHOUT WORKS IS INACTIVE

1) [Compare Ro 7:8b]:

F) MATURING ONES FAITH IS IN VIEW, NOT FALSE FAITH VS TRUE FAITH

XXIX) [Jas 2:17-18]:

A) THE AUTHOR USES A WELL KNOWN LITERARY DEVICE: AN IMAGINARY OBJECTOR TO PROVE A POINT

B) MR. SOMEONE BEGINS HIS OBJECTION BY HIS OPENING WORDS "YOU HAVE FAITH; I HAVE DEEDS" - THIS CANNOT BE CONSTRUED AS A COMPLETE STATEMENT OF OBJECTION AS SOME MAINTAIN

C) SHOW ME YOUR FAITH BY YOUR WORKS IN LIEU OF SHOW ME YOUR FAITH WITHOUT YOUR WORKS BEST FITS THE CONTEXT

D) MR. SOMEONE SAYS THAT FAITH AND WORKS ARE NOT CONNECTED

XXX) [Jas 1:17-18; 2:17-19]:

A) THE OBJECTOR USES INSUFFICIENT CONTENT OF ONES BELIEFS AND A FALSE ANALOGY OF DEMONS VS HUMANS RELATIVE TO THEIR RESPECTIVE BELIEFS IN ONE GOD TO MAINTAIN THAT WORKS SHED NO LIGHT ON THE CONTENT OF ONES FAITH

B) ON THE OTHER HAND, THE REBELLIOUS AND EVIL BEHAVIOR OF DEMONS DOES NOT CONTRADICT WHAT THEY BELIEVE. THEY BELIEVE IN ONE GOD ALRIGHT BUT THEY ALSO BELIEVE THAT GOD IS NOT SOVEREIGN OVER THEM HENCE THEY SHUDDER IN FEAR OUT OF REBELLION

1) [Compare Isa 14:12-14]:

2) [Compare Jn 8:44]:

3) [Compare 1 Tim 4:1]:

C) LACK OF WORKS DOES NOT DETERMINE THAT ONES FAITH IS NOT SAVING UNTO ETERNAL LIFE NOR ARE THERE DEGREES OF FAITH SUCH THAT SOME WHO HAVE FAITH IN CHRIST WILL NOT BE SAVED AND SHOW IT BY DOING EVIL

1) Comparing Demons With Humans Is A False Premise, And The Demons' Belief In One God Is Not The Same As A Human Believing In Jesus Christ To Save One Unto Eternal Life. It Is Invalid To Use Such An Argument To Prove That There Are Different Qualities Or Quantities Of The Same Faith.

2) There Is No Distinction As To Kind Or Degree Of Faith, Only Differences As To The Content Or Frequency Of What One Believes - To Express Faith Is To Accept As True - A Mental Assent

a) Faith Belief Trust Defined

i) English Dictionary Definition Of Faith

ii) NT Greek Dictionary Definition Of Faith

iii) James Implies That 'True' Saving Faith Without Works Does Exist

[Compare Jas 2:1 NKJV]:

3) The Second Birth Is Unto Eternal Life/Salvation, Given As A Gift By God Solely Out Of The Will Of God To Believers Through The Word Of Truth, The Bible. Faith Alone In What The Word Of Truth Presents To Man On This Matter Is What Results In The Second Birth To The Exclusion Of Man's Will And Any Human Doing

4) God's Purpose In Birthing Believers Is That They Might Be A Kind Of Firstfruits - A Foretaste Of The Eternal World Of Righteousness To Come, Testifying To The Eternal Security Of The Believer From The Moment They Believed

XXXI) [Jas 2:17-20]:

A) AFTER THE IMAGINARY OBJECTOR'S REBUTTAL IS COMPLETED WITH AN EXAMPLE ABOUT DEMONS, AUTHOR JAMES BEGINS HIS REBUTTAL WITH A STANDARD OPENING "YOU FOOLISH MAN..."

B) JAMES PROVIDED THE STRONGEST EXAMPLE TO PROVE HIS POINT TO HIS ISRAELITE CHRISTIAN READERS: ABRAHAM PERSEVERING UNDER TRIALS AND PROVING OUT HIS FAITH AS A SECOND KIND OF JUSTIFICATION OF HIS MATURING RELATIONSHIP WITH THE LORD: JUSTIFICATION OF IT BEFORE MEN

C) THE ISSUES OF TRUE FAITH/FALSE FAITH AND SAVING FAITH RESULTING IN CONSISTENT GOOD WORKS DO NOT APPEAR IN THE INTRODUCTION OR CONCLUSION OF THE LETTER, BUT A CONTRAST BETWEEN IMMATURE AND MATURE FAITH DOES

HENCE JAMES IS NOT SAYING THAT ABRAHAM'S ACTIONS PROVED HIS FAITH TO BE TRUE AND EFFECTIVE TOWARD SALVATION UNTO ETERNAL LIFE BUT RATHER IT GIVES EVIDENCE OF A FAITH MADE COMPLETE, I.E., MATURE

XXXII) [Jas 2:17-23]:

A) BEFORE BEING CONSIDERED RIGHTEOUS FOR WHAT HE DID WHEN HE OFFERED ISAAC ON THE ALTER, ABRAHAM WAS DECLARED RIGHTEOUS BY THE LORD, I.E., JUSTIFIED UNTO ETERNAL LIFE BY FAITH ALONE WHEN HE BELIEVED IN THE LORD'S PROMISE OF PROVISION OF A SAVIOR THROUGH ABRAHAM'S SEED

1) [Compare Gen 15:1-6]:

B) BECAUSE OF HIS OBEDIENCE WITH HIS SON ISAAC, ABRAHAM WAS DECLARED BY THE LORD TO SURELY BE BLESSED WITH ETERNAL LIFE - HIS ACTIONS DEMONSTRATED THAT HE WAS THE FRIEND OF GOD

1) [Compare Gen 22:9-18]:

C) ABRAHAM PERSEVERED UNDER TRIAL - HE WAS DECLARED RIGHTEOUS, I.E., JUSTIFIED FOR WHAT HE DID AND HIS FAITH WAS MADE COMPLETE UNTO BEING CALLED THE FRIEND OF GOD BEFORE MEN - EVIDENTLY A SECOND KIND OF JUSTIFICATION BEFORE MEN

1) [Compare Isa 41:8]:

2) [Compare 2 Chr 20:7]:

D) ABRAHAM'S WORK OF OFFERING ISAAC IN SACRIFICE DID NOT SUBSTANTIATE THAT ABRAHAM HAD SAVING FAITH, RATHER IT MATURED IT - MADE IT COMPLETE

XXXIII) [Jas 2:21-24]:

A) JAMES TEACHES HIS READERS THAT THERE ARE TWO KINDS OF JUSTIFICATION

B) NOTE THAT JAMES DOES NOT SAY THAT THERE IS ONLY ONE KIND OF JUSTIFICATION WHICH IS BY WORKS AND FAITH COMBINED

XXXIV) [Jas 2:21-25]:

A) RAHAB LIKE ABRAHAM WAS JUSTIFIED BY FAITH BEFORE GOD UNTO ETERNAL LIFE AND WAS ALSO JUSTIFIED IN ANOTHER WAY: BEFORE MEN TESTIFYING THAT SHE WAS THE FRIEND OF GOD

1) [Compare Jos 2:1-22]:

XXXV) [Jas 2:14-17; 21-26]:

A) FAITH WITHOUT WORKS IS STILL FAITH WHICH PROVIDED ETERNAL LIFE. NEVERTHELESS, IT IS DEAD WITHOUT WORKS 'IN THE SAME WAY' STIPULATED BEFORE ESP. IN VV. 2:14-16: UNPROFITABLE TO THE RECEPTION OF TEMPORAL BLESSINGS BY OTHERS AND ONESELF; OF NO EFFECT IN SAVING ONE FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH; AND USELESS IN PROVIDING ETERNAL REWARDS

1) DEATH DEFINED

a) [Compare Jas 2:17 vs. 2:20]:

B) WHEN A CHRISTIAN HAS A FAITH THAT IS DEAD, I.E., INACTIVE IT IS LIKE THE BODY WITH A DEPARTED HUMAN SPIRIT - PHYSICALLY DEAD, NO LONGER USEFUL AS IT ONCE WAS, NON-PRODUCTIVE BUT STILL IN EXISTENCE

C) SUMMARY OF CHAPTERS ONE AND TWO:

THE SUCCESSFUL TESTING OF THE BELIEVER'S FAITH DEVELOPS PERSERVANCE TOWARDS BEING COMPLETE UNTO THE RIGHTEOUS LIFE THAT GOD DESIRES, UNTO TEMPORAL BLESSINGS, UNTO SAVING ONES LIFE FROM PREMATURE PHYSICAL DEATH AND UNTO ETERNAL REWARDS - SUCH WORKS JUSTIFYING THE BELIEVER UNTO MEN AS THE FRIEND OF GOD. ON THE OTHER HAND, FAITH WITHOUT WORKS IS STILL THE FAITH WHICH PROVIDED THE BELIEVER WITH ETERNAL LIFE; NEVERTHELESS, IT IS DEAD, I.E., UNPROFITABLE TO THE RECEPTION OF TEMPORAL AND ETERNAL BLESSINGS AND REWARDS