THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GOD'S COVENANT WITH ABRAHAM IS INEVITABLE AND UNCHANGEABLE = UNCONDITIONAL
ON THE OTHER HAND IT IS UNCONDITIONAL AND CONDITIONAL AT THE SAME TIME:
(A) THE PARTIES OF THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT
(B) HISTORICAL ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT
(C) THE PROMISES OF THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT
(1) Personal Promises To Abraham
(2)National Promises To Israel
Israel was to become a great nation:
And the land was promised to Abraham's physical descendants forever, such that the boundaries of her territory were specifically defined in geographic terms: the land of Canaan from the river of Egypt to the river Euphrates forever:
And the Covenant with Abraham was established forever with and for all of Abraham's physical descendants:
Salvation unto eternal life is received by all Israelites who trust in God's plan of eternal life through the Seed of Abraham Jesus Christ in the same way Abraham did.
(3)Universal Promises - To The World
The world will also be blessed through what God promised to Abraham:
And the ultimate blessing for all peoples which is part of the Abrahamic Covenant is everlasting life:
(D)THE ABRAHAMIC COVENANT IS INEVITABLE AND UNCHANGEABLE = UNCONDITIONAL
(1) No Conditions Were Given In The Original Statement Of The Covenant When It Was Confirmed By An Oath
And once a covenant has been established, changes or additions are not premissible, especially one which is unilaterally confirmed by God alone,
Furthermore, God reconfirmed the Covenant with Jacob unconditionally:
(2) God Confirmed Covenant Unilaterally
(3) God Took Oath To Assure Abraham That He Would Keep His Promise
(4) Covenant Is Inevitable & Unchangeable Inspite Of The Failings Of The Patriarchs
(5) The Covenant Is Unchangeable & Inevitable Inspite Of The Failings Of Israel
"...Even after the nation of Israel had sinned in numerous ways over the course of several centuries, David regarded the Abrahamic Covenant to be in effect with Israel in his day..."
"...Moses promised that even though Israel would become idolatrous and evil and would be scattered and suffer because of its sin, in the latter days [i.e., the end times] it would have opportunity to return to God and be obedient because God would not fail Israel, nor destroy it, nor forget the Abrahamic Covenant which He swore to their fathers (Dt 4:25-31).
Several things should be noted concerning this promise.
First, it is the same people (literal Israel, the physical descendants of Abraham) who would depart from God and be scattered from the land of Canaan (v. 26) who would also have the opportunity [and be sovereignly moved by God] to return to Him and be obedient in the latter days and that God will have a program for that nation during that period of history.
Second, the Abrahamic Covenant would still be in effect with the literal nation of Israel in the latter days in spite of its idolatry, evil, and traumatic history of dispersion and suffering...
...Third, Moses made it clear (v. 31) that this promise in Deuteronomy 4 would continue to be in effect because of God's faithfulness. Even though Israel would fail Him, He would not fail it. He would be faithful to His Covenant commitment which He had sworn to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Even after Israel had compiled its sordid record of sin throughout all its centuries of Old Testament history, the Holy Spirit indicated that the Abrahamic Covenant was still in effect with that nation and that that Covenant had something to do with Israel's deliverance from its enemies... Shortly before Jesus' birth the Holy Spirit prophesied through the Jewish priest, Zacharias....
"...Even though Israel committed its ultimate sin of rejecting the Son of God, Jesus, as its Messiah, the Apostle Peter still regarded the Jews (even the very Jews who had rejected Christ) as children of the Abrahamic Covenant...
"...Peter's use of the present tense ('are the sons') indicates his conviction that these Jews were still sons of the Covenant and that the Covenant was still in effect with them."
Furthermore, hundreds of years later, the Apostle Paul made it clear that God would fulfill His promises to Israel:
[Ro 11:1-2a; 26-29]:
(6) Salvation Unto Eternal Life Would Not Be Available Without The Inevitable And Unchangeable Fulfillment Of The Covenant
If the Abrahamic Covenant was not inevitable and unchangeable then the coming of Christ, the Redeemer, through the seed of Abraham - as a literal physical descendant - and thus the provision of salvation through Him alone as prophesied could be thwarted by man or Satan through some turn of events. This would make God out to be less than omnipotent and even a liar because His prophecies concerning these matters would be proved false. Furthermore, this would leave mankind in the grips of eternal condemnation]
[Compare Gal 3:15-21]:
And God will see to it that His plan of salvation will go according to His Promise to Abraham:
(7) Prophecy States That The Abrahamic Covenant Will Be Fulfilled Exactly As God Promised
(E)AND YET CONDITIONS FOR FULFILLMENT ARE REQUIRED
(1)Israel's Faithfulness Is Required
Furthermore, Abraham was commanded by God to sacrifice Isaac - a test of his faithfulness - which was rewarded with blessing as promised by God in His Covenant with Abraham:
And God reconfirmed His Covenant with Isaac citing certain conditions that Isaac must meet:
And God's Word indicates that numerous times the Israelites were disobedient and as a result finally scattered as a nation. And in the end times Israel will finally come back to God and be obedient and thus blessed under the Abrahamic Covenant promises. This indicates that only under certain conditions would God bless in accordance with His covenant, otherwise discipline and dispersion:
(2)Israel's Survival Is Required
In order for the Abrahamic Covenant to be fulfilled, Israel must survive. The following passages foretell this survival - a condition which is required for the Abrahamic Covenant, and is dependant upon world events and Israel's faithfulness. So God has predestined, i.e., decreed the survival of Israel and will sovereignly move to bring this about:
(3)Israel Must Have Permanent Ownership Of The Land And Occupy It
The following passages indicate that God will sovereignly move Israel to a point of choosing of her own free will to turn back to Him and live by His statutes and return to the Promised Land as happened long ago when they were in Egypt. So certain conditions must be met in order for God to release the blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant:
(4)Israel's Acceptance Of Jesus Christ As Her Messiah/Savior Is Required
So all Israel is to be saved as a part of the Covenant that God had with Abraham - saved by the "Deliverer... from Zion" Who will "take away their sins"
[Zech 12:10; 13:1]:
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